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Flashcards in Allusions from Literature Deck (31):
1

a self-satisfied person concerned chiefly with business and middle-class ideals like material success; a member of the American working class whose unthinking attachment to its business and social ideals is such to make him a model of narrow-mindedness and self-satisfaction; after the main character in the novel by Sinclair Lewis

Babbitt

2

gigantic, enormous, on a large scale, enlarged; after Brobdingnag, the land of giants visited by Gulliver in Gullivar's Travels, by Jonathan Swift

Brobdingnagian

3

to speak or behave clumsily or faltering, to make a humming or droning sound; Middle English: bomblem, a clumsy religious figure ( a beadle) in a work of literature

Bumble

4

one who gains affluence or recongnition after obscurity and neglect, a person or thing whose beauty or worth remains unrecognized; after the fairytale heroine who escapes from a life of drudgery through the intervention of a fairy godmother and marries a handsome prince

Cinderella

5

a libertine, profligate, a man obsessed with seducing women; after the legendary 14th century Spanish nobleman and libertine

Don Juan

6

someone overly idealistic to the point of having impossible dreams; from the crazed and impoverished Spanish noble who sets out to revive the glory of knighthood, romanticized in the musical The Man of La Mancha based on the story by Cervantes

Don Quixote

7

blindly or misleadingly optimistic; after Dr. Pangloss in Candide by Voltaire, a pedantic old tutor

Panglossian

8

full of wit and bawdy humor; after Falstaff, a fat, sensual, boastful, and mendacious knight

Falstaffian

9

anything that threatens or destroys its creator; from the young scientist in Mary Shelley's novel of this name, who creates a monster that eventually destroys him

Frankenstein

10

a faithful and willing attendant, ready to turn his hand to anything; from the young savage found by Robinson Crusoe on a Friday, and kept as his servant and companion on the desert island

Friday

11

a pure and noble man with limited ambition; in the legends of King Arthur, the purest and most virtuous knight of the Round Table, the only knight to find the Holy Grail

Galahad

12

a capricious person with 2 sides to his/her personality; from a character in the famous novel where a character had more than one personality, a split personality (one good and one evil)

Jekyll and Hyde

13

descriptive of a very small person or of something diminutive, trivial or petty; after the Lilliputians, tiny people in GT by JS

Lilliputian

14

refers either to a certain type of children's clothing or to a beautiful, but pampered and effeminate small boy; from a work by Frances H. Burnett, the main character, 7-yr-old Cedric Errol, a striking figure dressed in black velvet with a lace collar and yellow curls

Little Lord Fauntleroy

15

used to describe a man whose chief interest is seducing a woman; from the play The Fair Penitent by Nicholas Rowe, the main character and the seducer

Lothario

16

the usually unintentional humorous misuse or distortion of a word or phrase, esp. the use of a word somewhat like the one intended, but ludicrously wrong in context; Mrs. Malaprop was a character noted for her misuse of words in RB Sheridan's comedy The Rivals

malapropism

17

a timid, weak, or unassertive person; from Casper Milquetoast, who was a comic strip character created by HT Webster

Milquetoast

18

humorous, sometimes derogatory; from Samuel Pickwick, a character in Charles' Dickens' Pickwickian Papers

Pickwickian

19

a person characterized by impermissible optimism and a tendency to find good in everything, a foolishly or blindly optimistic person; from Eleanor Porter's heroine, Pollyanna Whittier, in the book ____

Pollyanna

20

a pompous, ostentatious official, esp. one who, holding many offices, fulfills none of them, a person who holds high office; after Pooh-bah Lord-High-Everything-Else, character in The Mikado, a musical by Gilbert and Sullivan

Pooh-bah

21

having foolish and impractical ideas of honor, or schemes for the general good; after Don Quixote, a half-crazy reformer and knight of the supposed distressed in a novel by the same name

Quixotic

22

a machine that looks like a human and performs various acts of a human, a similar but functional machine whose lack of capacity for human emotions is often emphasized by an efficient, insensitive person who functions automatically, a mechanism guided by controls from Karel Capek's Rossum's Universal Robots, taken from the Czech "robata," meaning drudgery

robot

23

bluster and boasting, to boast (rodomontading or rodomontaded); from Rodomont, a brave, but braggart knight in Bojardo's Orlando Inamorato; King of Sarza or Algiers, son of Ulteus, and commander of both horse and foor in the Saracen Army

Rodomontade

24

a bitter and/or greedy person; from Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol, an elderly stingy miser who is given a reality check by 3 visiting ghosts

Scrooge

25

a harsh, cruel, or demanding person in authority, such as an employer or officer that acts in this manner; from Uncle Tom's Cabin by HBS, the brutal slave overseer

Simon Legree

26

a person with an irresistible hypnotic power; from a person in a novel written in 1894 by George Mauriers; a musician who hypnotizes and gains control over the heroine

Svengali

27

hypocrite or someone who is hypocritical; central character in a comedy by Moliere produced in 1667; Moliere was famous for his hypocritical piety

Tartuffe

28

someone thought to have the timid service attitude like that of a slave to his owner, from the humble pious, long-suffering Negro slave in UTC by HBS

Uncle Tom

29

a fawning toadie, an obsequious person; from a character in CD's David Copperfield

Uriah Heep

30

a commonplace non-adventuresome person who seeks escape from reality through daydreaming, a henpecked husband or dreamer; after a daydreaming henpecked "hero" in a story by James Thurber

Walter Mitty

31

a boorish, crass, or stupid person; from a member of a race of brutes in Swift's GT who have the form and all the vices of humans

Yahoo