P List Literary Devices Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in P List Literary Devices Deck (23):
1

a tale told explicitly to illustrate a moral lesson or conclusion

parable

2

a statement or situation containing apparently contradictory or incompatible elements

paradox

3

the repeated use of similar grammatical structures for the purpose of emphasis; compare w/ anaphora, a type of parallel structure concerned only with the repetitions of an initial word or words

parallel structure

4

a restatement of the content of a poem designed to make its prose meaning as clear as possible

paraphrase

5

a humorous, mocking imitation of a literary work, sometimes sarcastic, but often playful and even respectful in its playful imitation

parody

6

a quality of a play's action that stimulates the audience to feel pity for a character

pathos

7

a metrical line containing five feet

pentameter

8

the endowment of inanimate objects or abstract concepts with animate or living qualities

personification

9

use of several conjunctions in close succession, esp. were some would be omitted

polysyndeton

10

a word whose sound, by an obscure process, to some degree suggests its meaning; as differentiated from onomatopoeia, the meanings of these do not refer explicitly to sounds

phonetic intensive

11

details the adventures of a picaro (loveable rascal or rogue); often satirical, this novel depicts in realistic and often humorous detail the adventures of a roguish hero of low social class who lives by hos or her wits in a corrupt society

picaresque novel

12

the unified structure of incidents in a literary work

plot

13

a situation in which an author gives the plot a twist or turn unjustified by preceding action or by the characters involved

plot manipulation

14

similar to syntax in prose, also includes the arrangement of words into lines--were they break or do not break, the use of enjambment or caesura, and line length/patterns

poetic syntax

15

writing that uses immoderately heightened or distended language to sway the reader's feelings

poeticizing

16

the angle of vision from which a story is narrated; can be first person (narrator is a character or an observer), objective (narrator knows no more than the reader), omniscient (narrator knows everything about the characters), and limited omniscient (narrator knows some things about the characters but not everything)

point of view

17

refers to a loose grouping of writers in the post-WWII era who carry on the agenda of their predecessors, inasmuch as they reject traditional literary conventions, embrace experimentation, and see contemporary life as bleak and fragmented; writers tend to eschew attempts to treat art as a corrective to modern malaises, and their writing celebrates or plays with the fragmentation of life instead of seeking to fix it; writers attack the distinction between "high" and "low" art maintained by their predecessors, and their writing engages with popular art forms like cartoons and television

Postmodernism

18

work that aims to influence an audience about a debatable position or affiliation, not through rational or supported appeals but through one or more of the following: emotional manipulation, the selective use (and omission) of facts, spin, or any number of fallacious techniques

propaganda

19

nonmetrical language; opposite of verse

prose

20

a blending of prose and poetry, usually resembling prose in its use of sentences without line breaks, and poetry in its use of quintessentially poetic devices such as figurative language

prose poem

21

the main character of a literary work, posed with a problem to solve or a quest to complete

protagonist

22

a play on words that derives its humor from the replacement of one word with another that has a similar pronunciation or spelling but a different meaning

pun

23

a metrical foot with two unstressed syllables (ex.: of the)

pyrrhic