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Flashcards in America x WWII Deck (63):
1

the first peacetime draft in American history

Selective Training and Service Act

2

transferred over 350,000 acres to the War Department deemed for the construction of military bases

Department of Agriculture

3

___ _______ were given physical examinations and injections against smallpox and typhoid

new recruits

4

launched the "double V' campaign to stop the racism at home, and Hitler's racism abroad

the Pittsburgh Courier

5

the highest ranking African American officer (at the rank of brigadier general)

Benjamin O. Davis, Sr.

6

the first African American Air Force Unit, the 99th pursuit squadron, the pilots were known as

the Tuskegee Airmen

7

the airmen helped win the ___ _ ___ in Italy

Battle of ANzio

8

three other Tuskegee

332nd Fighter Group

9

second generation Japanese Americans

100th Infantry Battalion

10

how many Hispanic Americans received the Congressional medal of honor

17

11

Navajo marines

"code talkers"

12

congress allowed the first women in the military with the creation of the

Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC)

13

this was replaced with the

Women's Army Corps (WAC)

14

300 women serving in the air force in more than 12,000 flights to deliver planes to war effort

Women Air force Service Pilots (WASPs)

15

government contract to pay a manufacturer the cost to produce an item, plus a guaranteed percentage

cost-plus

16

made loans to companies wanting to convert to war production

Reconstruction Finance Corporation

17

FDR created the ___ ___ ___ that business leaders served on

National Defense Advisory Committee

18

the growth of California cities in the deep south led to a new industrial region known as the***

Sun Belt

19

FDR created the ___ ___ ___ to coordinate government housing programs

National Housing Agency (NHA)

20

created to regulate wages and certain prices

Office of Price Administration and Civilian Supplies (OPACS) and the Office of Economic Stabilization (OES)

21

tried to prevent strikes

War Labor Board (WLB)

22

limiting the purchases of many products to make sure enough were available for military use

rationing

23

the ___'s role was to improve the public's understanding of the war and to act as a liaison office with various media ***

Office of War Information (OWI)

24

commander of the US Navy in the Pacific***

Nimitz

25

leader of the bombing of Tokyo***

Doolittle

26

the march of 78,000 men of 65 miles to a Japanese prison camp***

The Bataan Death March

27

the growth of California cities in the deep south led to a new industrial region known as the***

Sun Belt

28

FDR created the ___ ___ ___ to coordinate government housing programs

National Housing Agency (NHA)

29

created to regulate wages and certain prices

Office of Price Administration and Civilian Supplies (OPACS) and the Office of Economic Stabilization (OES)

30

tried to prevent strikes

War Labor Board (WLB)

31

limiting the purchases of many products to make sure enough were available for military use

rationing

32

the ___'s role was to improve the public's understanding of the war and to act as a liaison office with various media ***

Office of War Information (OWI)

33

commander of the US Navy in the Pacific***

Nimitz

34

leader of the bombing of Tokyo***

Doolittle

35

the march of 78,000 men of 65 miles to a Japanese prison camp***

The Bataan Death March

36

desert fox and commander of the "Afrika Korps"***

Erwin Rommel

37

"divine wind" in Japanese is ___***

kamikaze

38

the largest naval battle in history***

the Battle of Leyte Gulf

39

the turning point in the war in the Pacific

the Battle of Midway

40

a major supply route for Britain in Egypt

the Suez Canal

41

Americans were outmaneuvered and outfought

Battle of Kassarine Pass

42

the general in charge of the battle of Kassarine Pass was fired and ___ ____ took his place

General Patton

43

this city controlled the Volga river and was a major railroad junction

Stalingrad

44

this battle put the Germans on the defensive

the Battle of Stalingrad

45

FDR and Churchill agreed to step up the bombing of Germany in the

Casablanca Conference

46

the Allies agreed to attack the Axis on the island of

Sicily

47

___ ____ commanded the invasion of Sicily

General Eisenhower

48

Generals ___& ___ led the ground forces in the invasion of Sicily

Montgomery and Patton

49

the king of Italy, ___ ____ and a group of Italian Generals decided it was time to "dispose" of Mussolini

Victor Emmanuel

50

______ ____ seized northern Italy (including Rome) and returned Mussolini to power

German troops

51

the terrain near ___ was steep, rocky and barren

Cassino

52

the Allies landed at ___, behind German lines

Anzio

53

the ___ ____ was one of the bloodiest in the war, with more than 300,000 casualties

Italian campaign

54

Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill met in ____, Iran

Tehran

55

At Cairo, Egypt, Roosevelt selected general Eisenhower to be in command of ____ ____ also known as D-Day

Operation overlord

56

Hitler put Rommel in charge of fortifying the French coast along the English channel all the way up along the coast at Norway, which is known as the

Atlantic Wall

57

the real target was farther south, a 60 mile stretch of five beaches along the

Normandy Coast

58

this was one of the largest decisions in WWII

the selection of the site for the largest amphibious landing in history

59

the first opportunity for the invasion was when

June 5-7, 1944

60

The United States attacked

Omaha and Utah

61

Great Britain attacked

Gold

62

Canada attacked

Juno

63

Two countries (France & Britain) attacked at

Sword