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Flashcards in cold war Deck (61):
1

the first UN human rights treaty

the Convention of the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

2

the five permanent members of the Security Council

Britain, France, US, China, & the Soviet Union

3

the five permanent members of the Security Council had what power

Veto power

4

the conference where FDR, Churchill, and Stalin met at (also a resort on the black sea)

Yalta

5

after reaching a compromise on Poland, the three leaders agreed on

the Declaration of Liberated Europe

6

the era between 1946 and 1990

the Cold War

7

the first US delegate to the UN

Eleanor Roosevelt

8

the conference where Truman first learned of the successful atomic bomb tests

Potsdam conference

9

American policy to keep the spread of communism

containment

10

separated Eastern Europe and Western Europe

the Iron Curtain

11

gave European nations American aid to rebuild their economies

the Marshall plan

12

the US zone in Germany created as the Federal Republic of Germany, or

West Germany

13

the Soviet zone became the German Democratic Republic, or

East Germany

14

symbolized American determination to contain communism and not give in to Soviet demands

the Berlin Airlift

15

was founded as a mutual defense alliance in April 1949

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

16

the Soviet's created a military alliance in Eastern Europe known as the

Warsaw Pact

17

a systematic attempt to overthrow a government by using persons working secretly from within

subversion

18

in July, 1951, peace negotiations began at _______

Panmunjom

19

the DMZ separating North and South Korea is at the

38th parallel

20

marked a turning point in the Cold War

the Korean War

21

in 1952, who was elected president?

Dwight D. Eisenhower

22

a WAR fought with LIMITED commitment of resources to achieve a LIMITED objective, such as containing Communism

a limited war

23

on September 15, 1950, MacArthur ordered a daring invasion behind enemy lines at the port of

Inchon

24

the North Korean and Chinese border

the Yalu River

25

American general who was fired by president Truman for INSUBORDINATION

MacArthur

26

in 1954, the US signed defense agreements with ___, ___, ___.

Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan

27

the US also created the

South East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO)

28

the New red scare began in

September, 1945

29

a systematic attempt to overthrow the government by people working secretly on the inside

a subversion

30

the director of the FBI was

J. Edgar Hoover

31

in 1947, Hoover went before the

House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)

32

HUAC's first hearings in 1947 focused on the

Film Industry

33

the leader of the Screen Actors Guild, and testified that there were communists in Hollywood

Ronald Reagan

34

who told the HUAC that several government officials were communist spies, including Alger Hiss

Whittaker Chambers

35

Hiss sued Chambers for

Libel

36

California representative who convinced his colleagues to continue the hearings to determine who lied

Richard Nixon

37

the couple who was accused of being communist spies and executed before proof was given

the Rosenbergs

38

the project where cryptographers broke the the Soviet Union's spy code, and proved the Rosenbergs guilty

project "Venona"

39

required its faculty to take loyalty oaths and fired 157 people who refused

the University of California

40

required union leaders to take oaths saying that they were not communists

the Taft-Hartley Act of 1947

41

required union leaders to take oaths saying that they were not communists

the Taft-Hartley Act of 1947

42

proclaimed that communists were a danger at home and abroad and became chairman of the senate subcommittee on investigations in 1953

McCarthy

43

made it illegal to attempt to reestablish a totalitarian government; communist-related organizations to publish their records and register with US attorney general

the Internal Security Act / McCarran Act

44

to express a formal disapproval of an action

censure

45

a policy of threatening a massive response against a communist state

massive retaliation

46

the practice of pushing a dangerous situation to the limit to force an opponent to back down

brinkmanship

47

the practice of pushing a dangerous situation to the limit to force an opponent to back down

brinkmanship

48

to build support among Arabs, ___ ___ ___ offered to help Egypt finance the construction of a dam on the Nile River

Secretary of State Dulles

49

nations whose economy is primarily agricultural

developing nations

50

Iranian prime minister who nationalized the anglo-Iranian oil company

Mohammed Mossadegh

51

in 1956, ___ ___ emerged as the new soviet leader after Stalin's death in 1953

Nikita Krushchev

52

president of Egypt who emerged from the Suez crisis as a hero to the arab people

Gamal Abdel Nasser

53

president of Egypt who emerged from the Suez crisis as a hero to the arab people

Gamal Abdel Nasser

54

by 1957, Nasser began working with Jordan and Syria to spread _______, which is the idea that all Arab people should be united into one nation

pan-arabism

55

Eisenhower asked Congress to authorize military force whenever the president thought it necessary, became known as

the Eisenhower doctrine

56

essentially extended the Truman doctrine and the policy of containment in the middle east

the Eisenhower doctrine

57

the world's first space satellites

Sputnik I an Sputnik II

58

the world's first space satellites

Sputnik I an Sputnik II

59

Eisenhower invited Krushchev to visit the US in late 1959, which led to the two agreeing to a summit in

Paris

60

an informal relationship that some people believe exists between the military and the defense industry to promote greater military spending

military-industrial complex

61

Eisenhower saw Fidel Castro establish a communist regime in

Cuba