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Flashcards in new frontier Deck (71):
1

convened the president's panel on mental retardation

JFK

2

began a camp in her home for children with developmental disabilities

Eunice Kennedy Shriver

3

offered people with developmental disabilities a chance to be physically competitive, which was an effort that later grew into the Special Olympics program

Camp Shriver

4

the first Special Olympics games were held where?

Chicago in 1968

5

governor of California who became chief Justice of the United States

Earl Warren

6

the method states use to 'draw up' political districts based on changes in population

Reapportionment

7

some of the courts' more notable decisions concerned

reapportionment

8

the case in which the court ruled that STATES MUST REAPPORTION electoral districts along the principle of "ONE PERSON, ONE VOTE," so that all citizens' votes would have equal weight

Reynolds vs. Sims (1964)

9

a judicial requirement that laws may not treat individuals unfairly, arbitrarily, or unreasonably; and that courts must follow proper procedures and rules when trying cases

Due Process

10

the case in which the court ruled that a DEFENDANT in a STATE COURT had the RIGHT TO A LAWYER regardless of his or her ability to pay

Gideon vs. Wainwright (1963)

11

the case that would require authorities to inform suspects of their RIGHT TO REMAIN SILENT

Miranda vs. Arizona (1968)

12

ruled that states could not COMPOSE OFFICIAL PRAYERS and require those prayers to be recited in public schools

Engel vs. Vitale (1962)

13

ruled against STATE-MANDATED BIBLE READINGS in public schools

Abington School District vs. Schempp (1963)

14

the president pushed for a build up of troops and conventional weapons to allow for a ___ ___ to resist communist movements

"Flexible Response"

15

a program aimed at helping developing nations fight poverty; and sent Americans to provide humanitarian services

Peace Corps

16

the first person to orbit the earth

Yuri Gagarin

17

the first AMERICAN to orbit the earth

John Glenn

18

the United States sent three men into orbit in a capsule called

Apollo

19

the capsule was launched using the _____ _, the most powerful rocket ever built

Saturn V

20

On July 16, 1969, a Saturn V lifted off in Florida carrying three astronauts:

Neil Armstrong, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin, and Michael Collins

21

on June 20, Aldrin and Armstrong boarded the lunar module named _____

Eagle

22

____ ________ became the first human being to walk on the moon

Neil Armstrong

23

Fidel Castro had overthrown the corrupt Cuban dictator _______ _______ in 1959

Fulgencio Batista

24

authorized the CIA to secretly train and arm a group of of Cuban exiles known as

La Brigada

25

the invasion was a disaster, La Brigada's boats ran aground on ____ ____

Coral Reefs

26

The ___ __ ____ was a dark moment in the Kennedy administration

Bay of Pigs

27

In June 1961, Kennedy met with Krushchev where?

Vienna, Austria

28

Krushchev demanded that the western powers recognize ____ _______ and withdraw from _______

East Germany; Berlin

29

stood as a symbol of cold war divisions

the Berlin Wall

30

On October 22, Kennedy announced that the Soviet Union had placed what in Cuba?

Long-range nuclear missiles

31

JFK warned that if attacked, the US would respond fully against the _____ _____

Soviet Union

32

forced the United States and the Soviet Union to consider the consequences of nuclear war

the Cuban Missile Crisis

33

August 1963, the two countries agreed to a treaty that banned testing what in the atmosphere?

Nuclear Weapons

34

the crisis exposed the Soviet's military inferiority and prompted a dramatic Soviet ____ _______, which the US matched

Arms Buildup

35

On November 22, 1963, Kennedy and his wife traveled to _____

Texas

36

as the presidential motorcade rode slowly through the streets of Dallas, _______ rang out

Gunfire

37

the man accused of killing JFK, and appeared to be a confused and embittered Marxist who had spent time in the Soviet Union

Lee Harvey Oswald

38

local nightclub owner who killed Oswald to protect others involved in the crime

Jack Ruby

39

in 1964, a _______ _______ headed by Chief Justice Warren concluded that Oswald was the lone assassin

National Commission

40

the report of the _______ ________ left some questions unanswered

Warren Commission

41

Kennedy's successor, who set out to promote many of the programs that Kennedy left unfinished

Lyndon B. Johnson

42

LBJ was born in the "____ ____" of Texas

"Hill Country"

43

LBJ knew about hard times from his brief career as a _______ in a low-income area

teacher

44

by summer 1964, Johnson had convinced Congress to pass the ____ ____ ___, which attacked inadequate public services, illiteracy, and unemployment

Economic Opportunity Act

45

provided work-study programs to help underprivileged kids earn a high school diploma or a college degree

Neighborhood Youth Corps

46

was created to offer tutoring to high school students

Upward Bound

47

the republican candidate in 1964 who was from Arizona and known for his strong conservatism

Barry Goldwater

48

On election day, Johnson won in a landslide, with more than __% of the popular vote and all but ___ states in the Electoral College

61%; Six (6) states

49

after his election, LBJ began working with congress on his legislative agenda known as the ____ _____

Great Society

50

________ had won strong support because it was offered to all senior citizens, about half of whom lacked insurance

MEDICARE

51

financed health care for welfare recipients living below the poverty line

Medicaid

52

was created for disadvantaged kids who had "never looked at a picture book or scribbled with a crayon"

Project Head Start

53

outlawed discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin

Civil Rights Act of 1964

54

protected voters from racial discrimination in both voting and practices to bar those from voting

Voting Rights Act of 1965

55

the first African American to serve in a presidential cabinet

Robert Weaver

56

established new housing subsidy programs and made federal loans and public housing grants easier to obtain

Housing and Urban Development Act

57

required all consumer products to have a true and informative label

Fair Packaging and Labeling Act

58

established a school breakfast and expanded the school lunch and meal programs to improve nutrition

Child Nutrition Act

59

September 26, 1960, 75 million Americans tuned in to watch the first televised _______ _______

Presidential Debate

60

the debate between John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon ushered in a new era of

television politics

61

a democratic senator from New York who was a Catholic

John F. Kennedy

62

the current vice president and a quaker from California

Richard Nixon

63

both promised to boost the economy and portrayed themselves as "____ _______" determined to stop the forces of communism

"Cold Warriors"

64

Kennedy expressed concerns about a suspected "_____ ___," claiming the US lagged behind the Soviets in weaponry

Missile Gap

65

JFK set out to implement a legislative agenda that became known as the

New Frontier

66

to increase economic growth and create jobs, Kennedy advocated deficit spending and investing more funds in defense and _____ ________

Space Exploration

67

JFK threatened to have the Department of Steel buy cheaper

foreign steel

68

he asked the _____ _____ to investigate whether the steel industry was fixing prices

Justice Department

69

the president pushed for ___ ____, which congress refused because it would cause inflation

Tax Cuts

70

called for the federal action against gender discrimination and affirmed the right of women to equally paid employment

Presidential Commission on the Status of Women

71

the commission proposed the ____ ___ ___ in 1963

Equal Pay Act