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Flashcards in WWII Deck (30):
1

leader of Nazi Germany*

adolf hitler

2

leader of Italy*

Benito Mussolini

3

an aggressive nationalistic movement that considered the nation more important than the individual*

fascism

4

USSR stands for ____*

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

5

nazi is an acronym meaning _____*

Nationalist Socialist German Worker's party

6

Hitler wrote his book in prison called Mein Kampf, which means

"My Struggle"

7

the lower house of the German parliament

the Reichstag

8

nazi parliamentary units were called

Storm Troopers

9

hitler gave himself the title of ___ ____ which means "the leader"

Der Fuhrer

10

Emperor of Japan

Hirohito

11

Japanese minister of war*

Hideki Tojo

12

invasion of Nanking, China, where the Japanese destroyed the city and killed 300k residents

the rape of Nanking

13

the unification of Germany and Austria

the Anschluss

14

the conference where France & Britain agreed to appease Germany*

the Munich Conference

15

massive tanks, waves of aircraft and paratroopers, to break through and encircle enemies. "lightning war" *

blitzkrieg

16

338k British and French troops saved from German attack

the "Miracle at Dunkirk"

17

German air force*

luftwaffe

18

made it illegal for Americans to sell arms to any country at war

The Neutrality Act of 1935

19

the axis powers

Japan, Italy, Germany (JIG)

20

act that required "cash and carry basis"

Neutrality act of 1937

21

the German air battle*

the Battle of Britain

22

wanted the repeal of the neutrality laws and stronger actions against Germany

the Fight for Freedom Committee

23

opposed any intervention to help the Allies

the America First Committee

24

allowed the US to lend or lease arms to any country considered "vital to the defense of the United States"

the Lend-Lease Act

25

declared that the entire western half of the Atlantic was part of the western hemisphere and therefore neutral

the Hemispheric Defense Zone

26

committed both nations to a postwar world of democracy, nonaggression, free trade, economic advancement, and freedom of the seas

the Atlantic Charter

27

Japan depended on the US for many key materials, including:

scrap iron, steel, & especially oil

28

items important for fighting a war

strategic material

29

Roosevelt blocked the sale of _______ and _______ to Japan

airplane fuel and scrap iron

30

in 1941, FDR began sending lend-lease aid to ___ & ___

China & Russia