Analogous Words V Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Analogous Words V Deck (35):
1

rough
harsh
uneven
rugged
scabrous

mean not smooth or even.
rough implies points, bristles, ridges, or projections on the surface: a rough wooden board.
harsh implies a surface or texture distinctly unpleasant to the touch: a harsh fabric that chafes the skin.
uneven implies a lack of uniformity in height, breadth, or quality: an old house with uneven floors.
rugged implies irregularity or roughness of land surface and connotes difficulty of travel: a rugged landscape.
scabrous implies scaliness or prickliness of surface: a scabrous leaf.

2

common
ordinary
plain
familiar
popular
vulgar

mean generally met with and not in any way special, strange, or unusual.
common implies usual everyday quality or frequency of occurrence: a common error / lacked common honesty / and may additionally suggest inferiority or coarseness: common manners.
ordinary stresses conformance in quality or kind with the regular order of things: an ordinary pleasant summer day / a very ordinary sort of man.
plain is likely to suggest homely simplicity: plain hard-working people.
familiar stresses the fact of being generally known and easily recognized: a familiar melody.
popular applies to what is accepted by or prevalent among people in general sometimes in contrast to upper classes or special groups: a writer of popular romances.
vulgar, otherwise similar to popular, is likely to carry derogatory connotations (as of inferiority or coarseness): souvenirs designed to appeal to the vulgar taste.

3

bright
brilliant
radiant
luminous
lustrous

mean shining or glowing with light.
bright implies emitting or reflecting a high degree of light.
brilliant implies intense often sparkling brightness.
radiant stresses the emission or seeming emission of rays of light.
luminous implies emission of steady, suffused, glowing light by reflection or in surrounding darkness.
lustrous stresses an even, rich light from a surface that reflects brightly without glittering.

4

infuse
suffuse
imbue
ingrain
inoculate
leaven

mean to introduce one thing into another so as to affect it throughout.
infuse implies a pouring in of something that gives new life or significance: new members infused enthusiasm into the club.
suffuse implies a spreading through of something that gives an unusual color or quality: a room suffused with light.
imbue implies the introduction of a quality that fills and permeates the whole being: imbue students with intellectual curiosity.
ingrain, used only in the passive or past participle, suggests the deep implanting of a quality or trait: clung to ingrained habits.
inoculate implies an imbuing or implanting with a germinal idea and often suggests stealth or subtlety: an electorate inoculated with dangerous ideas.
leaven implies introducing something that enlivens, tempers, or markedly alters the total quality: a serious play leavened with comic moments.

5

grand
magnificent
imposing
stately
majestic
grandiose

mean large and impressive.
grand adds to greatness of size the implications of handsomeness and dignity: a grand staircase.
magnificent implies an impressive largeness proportionate to scale without sacrifice of dignity or good taste: magnificent paintings.
imposing implies great size and dignity but especially stresses impressiveness: an imposing edifice.
stately may suggest poised dignity, erectness of bearing, handsomeness of proportions, ceremonious deliberation of movement: the stately procession.
majestic combines the implications of imposing and stately and usually adds a suggestion of solemn grandeur: a majestic waterfall.
grandiose implies a size or scope exceeding ordinary experience: grandiose hydroelectric projects / but is most commonly applied derogatorily to inflated pretension or absurd exaggeration: grandiose schemes.

6

flagrant
glaring
gross
rank

mean conspicuously bad or objectionable.
flagrant applies usually to offenses or errors so bad that they can neither escape notice nor be condoned: flagrant abuse of the office of president.
glaring implies painful or damaging obtrusiveness of something that is conspicuously wrong, faulty, or improper: glaring errors.
gross implies the exceeding of reasonable or excusable limits: gross carelessness.
rank applies to what is openly and extremely objectionable and utterly condemned: rank heresy.

7

flash
gleam
glint
sparkle
glitter
glisten
glimmer
shimmer

mean to send forth light.
flash implies a sudden outburst of bright light: lightning flashed.
gleam suggests a steady light seen through an obscuring medium or against a dark background: lights gleamed in the valley.
glint implies a cold glancing light: glinting steel.
sparkle suggests innumerable moving points of bright light: the sparkling waters.
glitter connotes a brilliant sparkling or gleaming: glittering diamonds.
glisten applies to the soft sparkle from a wet or oily surface: glistening wet sidewalk.
glimmer suggests a faint or wavering gleam: a distant glimmering light.
shimmer means shining with a wavering light: a shimmering satin dress.

8

criticize
reprehend
censure
reprobate
condemn
denounce

mean to find fault with openly.
criticize implies finding fault especially with methods or policies or intentions: criticized the police for using violence.
reprehend implies both criticism and severe rebuking: reprehends the self-centeredness of today's students.
censure carries a strong suggestion of authority and of reprimanding: a Senator formally censured by his peers.
reprobate implies strong disapproval or firm refusal to sanction: reprobated his son's unconventional lifestyle.
condemn usually suggests an unqualified and final unfavorable judgment: condemned the government's racial policies.
denounce adds to condemn the implication of a public declaration: a pastoral letter denouncing abortion.

9

high
tall
lofty

mean above the average in height.
high implies marked extension upward and is applied chiefly to things which rise from a base or foundation or are placed at a conspicuous height above a lower level: a high hill / a high ceiling.
tall applies to what grows or rises high by comparison with others of its kind and usually implies relative narrowness: a tall thin man.
lofty suggests great or imposing altitude: lofty mountain peaks.

10

spring
arise
rise
originate
derive
flow
issue
emanate
proceed
stem

mean to come up or out of something into existence.
spring implies rapid or sudden emerging: an idea that springs to mind.
arise and rise may both convey the fact of coming into existence or notice but rise often stresses gradual growth or ascent: new questions have arisen / slowly rose to prominence.
originate implies a definite source or starting point: the fire originated in the basement.
derive implies a prior existence in another form: the holiday derives from an ancient Roman feast.
flow adds to spring a suggestion of abundance or ease of inception: words flowed easily from her pen.
issue suggests emerging from confinement through an outlet: blood issued from the cut.
emanate applies to the coming of something immaterial (as a thought) from a source: reports emanating from the capital.
proceed stresses place of origin, derivation, parentage, or logical cause: advice that proceeds from the best of intentions.
stem implies originating by dividing or branching off from something as an outgrowth or subordinate development: industries stemming from space research.

11

gaudy
tawdry
garish
flashy
meretricious

mean vulgarly or cheaply showy.
gaudy implies a tasteless use of overly bright, often clashing colors or excessive ornamentation: circus performers in gaudy costumes.
tawdry applies to what is at once gaudy and cheap and sleazy: tawdry saloons.
garish describes what is distressingly or offensively bright: garish neon signs.
flashy implies an effect of brilliance quickly and easily seen to be shallow or vulgar: a flashy nightclub act.
meretricious stresses falsity and may describe a tawdry show that beckons with a false allure or promise: a meretricious wasteland of casinos and bars.

12

famous
renowned
celebrated
noted
notorious
distinguished
eminent
illustrious

mean known far and wide.
famous implies little more than the fact of being, sometimes briefly, widely and popularly known: a famous actress.
renowned implies more glory and acclamation: one of the most renowned figures in sports history.
celebrated implies notice and attention especially in print: the most celebrated beauty of her day.
noted suggests well-deserved public attention: the noted mystery writer.
notorious frequently adds to famous an implication of questionableness or evil: a notorious gangster.
distinguished implies acknowledged excellence or superiority: a distinguished scientist who won the Nobel Prize.
eminent implies even greater prominence for outstanding quality or character: the country's most eminent writers.
illustrious stresses enduring honor and glory attached to a deed or person: illustrious war heroes.

13

expand
amplify
swell
distend
inflate
dilate

mean to increase in size or volume.
expand may apply regardless of the manner of increase (as growth, unfolding, addition of parts): a business that expands every year.
amplify implies the extension or enlargement of something inadequate: amplify the statement with details.
swell implies gradual expansion beyond a thing's original or normal limits: the bureaucracy swelled to unmanageable proportions.
distend implies outward extension caused by pressure from within: a distended abdomen.
inflate implies expanding by introduction of air or something insubstantial and suggests a vulnerability to sudden collapse: an inflated ego.
dilate applies especially to expansion of circumference: dilated pupils.

14

suave
urbane
diplomatic
bland
smooth
politic

mean pleasantly tactful and well-mannered.
suave suggests a specific ability to deal with others easily and without friction: a suave public relations coordinator.
urbane implies high cultivation and poise coming from wide social experience: an urbane traveler.
diplomatic stresses an ability to deal with ticklish situations tactfully: a diplomatic negotiator.
bland emphasizes mildness of manner and absence of irritating qualities: a bland master of ceremonies.
smooth suggests often a deliberately assumed suavity: a smooth salesman.
politic implies shrewd as well as tactful and suave handling of people: a cunningly politic manager.

15

citizen
subject
national

mean a person owing allegiance to and entitled to the protection of a sovereign state.
citizen is preferred for one owing allegiance to a state in which sovereign power is retained by the people and sharing in the political rights of those people: the rights of a free citizen.
subject implies allegiance to a personal sovereign such as a monarch: the king's subjects.
national designates one who may claim the protection of a state and applies especially to one living or traveling outside that state: American nationals working in the Middle East.

16

elastic
resilient
springy
flexible
supple

mean able to endure strain without being permanently injured.
elastic implies the property of resisting deformation by stretching: an elastic waistband.
resilient implies the ability to recover shape quickly when the deforming force or pressure is removed: a resilient innersole.
springy stresses both the ease with which something yields to pressure and the quickness of its return to original shape: the cake is done when the top is springy.
flexible applies to something which may or may not be resilient or elastic but which can be bent or folded without breaking: flexible plastic tubing.
supple applies to something that can be readily bent, twisted, or folded without any sign of injury: supple leather.

17

noticeable
remarkable
prominent
outstanding
conspicuous
salient
striking

mean attracting notice or attention.
noticeable applies to something unlikely to escape observation: a piano recital with no noticeable errors.
remarkable applies to something so extraordinary or exceptional as to invite comment: a film of remarkable intelligence and wit.
prominent applies to something commanding notice by standing out from its surroundings or background: a doctor who occupies a prominent position in the town.
outstanding applies to something that rises above and excels others of the same kind: honored for her outstanding contributions to science.
conspicuous applies to something that is obvious and unavoidable to the sight or mind: conspicuous bureaucratic waste.
salient applies to something of significance that merits the attention given it: the salient points of the speech.
striking applies to something that impresses itself powerfully and deeply upon the observer's mind or vision: the region's striking poverty.

18

level
flat
plane
even
smooth

mean having a surface without bends, curves, or irregularities.
level applies to a horizontal surface that lies on a line parallel with the horizon: the vast prairies are nearly level.
flat applies to a surface devoid of noticeable curvatures, prominences, or depressions: the work surface must be flat.
plane applies to any real or imaginary flat surface in which a straight line between any two points on it lies wholly within that surface: the plane sides of a crystal.
even applies to a surface that is noticeably flat or level or to a line that is observably straight: trim the hedge so it is even.
smooth applies especially to a polished surface free of irregularities: a smooth skating rink.

19

lurk
skulk
slink
sneak

mean to behave so as to escape attention.
lurk implies a lying in wait in a place of concealment and often suggests an evil intent: suspicious men lurking in alleyways.
skulk suggests more strongly cowardice or fear or sinister intent: something skulking in the shadows.
slink implies moving stealthily often merely to escape attention: slunk around the corner.
sneak may add an implication of entering or leaving a place or evading a difficulty by furtive or underhanded methods: sneaked out early.

20

task
duty
job
chore
stint
assignment

mean a piece of work to be done.
task implies work imposed by a person in authority or an employer or by circumstance: charged with a variety of tasks.
duty implies an obligation to perform or responsibility for performance: the duties of a lifeguard.
job applies to a piece of work voluntarily performed; it may sometimes suggest difficulty or importance: the job of turning the company around.
chore implies a minor routine activity necessary for maintaining a household or farm: every child was assigned chores.
stint implies a carefully allotted or measured quantity of assigned work or service: a 2-month stint as a reporter.
assignment implies a definite limited task assigned by one in authority: a reporter's assignment.

21

exculpate
absolve
exonerate
acquit
vindicate

mean to free from a charge.
exculpate implies a clearing from blame or fault often in a matter of small importance: exculpating himself from the charge of over-enthusiasm.
absolve implies a release either from an obligation that binds the conscience or from the consequences of disobeying the law or committing a sin: cannot be absolved of blame.
exonerate implies a complete clearance from an accusation or charge and from any attendant suspicion of blame or guilt: exonerated by the investigation.
acquit implies a formal decision in one's favor with respect to a definite charge: voted to acquit the defendant.
vindicate may refer to things as well as persons that have been subjected to critical attack or imputation of guilt, weakness, or folly, and implies a clearing effected by proving the unfairness of such criticism or blame: her judgment was vindicated.

22

expedient
politic
advisable

mean dictated by practical or prudent motives.
expedient usually implies what is immediately advantageous without regard for ethics or consistent principles: a politically expedient decision.
politic stresses judiciousness and tactical value but usually implies some lack of candor or sincerity: a politic show of interest.
advisable applies to what is practical, prudent, or advantageous but lacks the derogatory implication of expedient and politic: sometimes it's advisable to say nothing.

23

trite
hackneyed
stereotyped
threadbare

mean lacking the freshness that evokes attention or interest.
trite applies to a once effective phrase or idea spoiled from long familiarity: "you win some, you lose some" is a trite expression.
hackneyed stresses being worn out by overuse so as to become dull and meaningless: all of the metaphors and images in the poem are hackneyed.
stereotyped implies falling invariably into the same pattern or form: views of minorities that are stereotyped and out-of-date.
threadbare applies to what has been used until its possibilities of interest have been totally exhausted: a mystery novel with a threadbare plot.

24

regard
respect
esteem
admire

mean to recognize the worth of a person or thing.
regard is a general term that is usually qualified: he is highly regarded in the profession.
respect implies a considered evaluation or estimation: after many years they came to respect her views.
esteem implies greater warmth of feeling accompanying a high valuation: no citizen of the town was more highly esteemed.
admire suggests usually enthusiastic appreciation and often deep affection: a friend that I truly admire.

25

faithless
false
disloyal
traitorous
treacherous
perfidious

mean untrue to what should command one's fidelity or allegiance.
faithless applies to any failure to keep a promise or pledge or any breach of allegiance or loyalty: faithless allies.
false stresses the fact of failing to be true in any manner ranging from fickleness to cold treachery: betrayed by false friends.
disloyal implies a lack of complete faithfulness to a friend, cause, leader, or country: disloyal to their country.
traitorous implies either actual treason or a serious betrayal of trust: traitorous acts punishable by death.
treacherous implies readiness to betray trust or confidence: a treacherous adviser.
perfidious adds to faithless the implication of an incapacity for fidelity or reliability: a perfidious double-crosser.

26

projection
protrusion
protuberance
bulge

mean an extension beyond the normal line or surface.
projection implies a jutting out especially at a sharp angle: those projections along the wall are safety hazards.
protrusion suggests a thrusting out so that the extension seems a deformity: the bizarre protrusions of a coral reef.
protuberance implies a growing or swelling out in rounded form: a skin disease marked by warty protuberances.
bulge suggests an expansion caused by internal pressure: bulges in the tile floor.

27

close
end
conclude
finish
complete
terminate

mean to bring or come to a stopping point or limit.
close usually implies that something has been in some way open as well as unfinished: close a debate.
end conveys a strong sense of finality: ended his life.
conclude may imply a formal closing (as of a meeting): the service concluded with a blessing.
finish may stress completion of a final step in a process: after it is painted, the house will be finished.
complete implies the removal of all deficiencies or a successful finishing of what has been undertaken: the resolving of this last issue completes the agreement.
terminate implies the setting of a limit in time or space: your employment terminates after three months.

28

enormous
immense
huge
vast
gigantic
colossal
mammoth

mean exceedingly large.
enormous and immense both suggest an exceeding of all ordinary bounds in size or amount or degree, but enormous often adds an implication of abnormality or monstrousness: an enormous expense / an immense shopping mall.
huge commonly suggests an immensity of bulk or amount: incurred a huge debt.
vast usually suggests immensity of extent: the vast Russian steppes.
gigantic stresses the contrast with the size of others of the same kind: a gigantic sports stadium.
colossal applies especially to a human creation of stupendous or incredible dimensions: a colossal statue of Lincoln.
mammoth suggests both hugeness and ponderousness of bulk: a mammoth boulder.

29

transform
metamorphose
transmute
convert
transmogrify
transfigure

mean to change a thing into a different thing.
transform implies a major change in form, nature, or function: transformed a small company into a corporate giant.
metamorphose suggests an abrupt or startling change induced by or as if by magic or a supernatural power: awkward girls metamorphosed into graceful ballerinas.
transmute implies transforming into a higher element or thing: attempted to transmute lead into gold.
convert implies a change fitting something for a new or different use or function: converted the study into a nursery.
transmogrify suggests a strange or preposterous metamorphosis: a story in which a frog is transmogrified into a prince.
transfigure implies a change that exalts or glorifies: joy transfigured her face.

30

upright
honest
just
conscientious
scrupulous
honorable

mean having or showing a strict regard for what is morally right.
upright implies a strict adherence to moral principles: a stern and upright minister.
honest stresses adherence to such virtues as truthfulness, candor, fairness: known for being honest in business dealings.
just stresses conscious choice and regular practice of what is right or equitable: workers given just compensation.
conscientious and scrupulous imply an active moral sense governing all one's actions and painstaking efforts to follow one's conscience: conscientious in the completion of her assignments / scrupulous in carrying out the terms of the will.
honorable suggests a firm holding to codes of right behavior and the guidance of a high sense of honor and duty: a difficult but honorable decision.

31

wander
roam
ramble
rove
traipse
meander

mean to go about from place to place usually without a plan or definite purpose.
wander implies an absence of or an indifference to a fixed course: fond of wandering about the square just watching the people.
roam suggests wandering about freely and often far afield: liked to roam through the woods.
ramble stresses carelessness and indifference to one's course or objective: the speaker rambled on without ever coming to the point.
rove suggests vigorous and sometimes purposeful roaming: armed brigands roved over the countryside.
traipse implies a course that is erratic but may sometimes be purposeful: traipsed all over town looking for the right dress.
meander implies a winding or intricate course suggestive of aimless or listless wandering: the river meanders for miles through rich farmland.

32

sincere
wholehearted
heartfelt
hearty
unfeigned

mean genuine in feeling.
sincere stresses absence of hypocrisy, feigning, or any falsifying embellishment or exaggeration: a sincere apology.
wholehearted suggests sincerity and earnest devotion without reservation or misgiving: promised our wholehearted support.
heartfelt suggests depth of genuine feeling outwardly expressed: expresses our heartfelt gratitude.
hearty suggests honesty, warmth, and exuberance in displaying feeling: received a hearty welcome.
unfeigned stresses spontaneity and absence of pretense: her unfeigned delight at receiving the award.

33

throw
cast
toss
fling
hurl
pitch
sling

mean to cause to move swiftly through space by a propulsive movement or a propelling force.
throw is general and interchangeable with the other terms but may specifically imply a distinctive motion with bent arm: can throw a fastball and a curve.
cast usually implies lightness in the thing thrown and sometimes a scattering: cast it to the winds.
toss suggests a light or careless or aimless throwing and may imply an upward motion: tossed the coat on the bed.
fling stresses a violent throwing: flung the ring back in his face.
hurl implies power as in throwing a massive weight: hurled himself at the intruder.
pitch suggests throwing carefully at a target: pitch horseshoes.
sling stresses either the use of whirling momentum in throwing or directness of aim: slung the bag over his shoulder.

34

punish
chastise
castigate
chasten
discipline
correct

mean to inflict a penalty on in requital for wrongdoing.
punish implies subjecting to a penalty for wrongdoing: punished for stealing.
chastise may apply to either the infliction of corporal punishment or to verbal censure or denunciation: chastised his son for neglecting his studies.
castigate usually implies a severe, typically public censure: an editorial castigating the entire city council.
chasten suggests any affliction or trial that leaves one humbled or subdued: chastened by a landslide election defeat.
discipline implies a punishing or chastening in order to bring under control: parents must discipline their children.
correct implies punishing aimed at reforming an offender: the function of prison is to correct the wrongdoer.

35

oppose
combat
resist
withstand

mean to set oneself against someone or something.
oppose can apply to any conflict, from mere objection to bitter hostility or warfare: opposed the plan.
combat stresses the forceful or urgent countering of something: combat disease.
resist implies an overt recognition of a hostile or threatening force and a positive effort to counteract or repel it: resisting temptation.
withstand suggests a more passive resistance: trying to withstand peer pressure.