Anatomical Terms and Medical Specialties - Medical Specialties Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Anatomical Terms and Medical Specialties - Medical Specialties > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomical Terms and Medical Specialties - Medical Specialties Deck (67):
1

gastroenterology

the study of the stomach and intestines (and related structures)

2

gastrointestinal system
structures

- mouth (teeth and tongue)
- salivary glands
- pharynx (throat)
- esophagus
- stomach
- small intestine
- large intestine
- liver
- gallbladder
- pancreas

3

gastrointestinal system
functions

- taste (receive sensory information)
- digest food (mechanically and chemically)
- absorb nutrients into the blood
- excrete undigested wastes

4

gastroenterology
system

gastrointestinal system

5

pulmonology

the study of the lungs (and related structures)

6

pulmonology
system

respiratory system

7

respiratory system
structures

- nose
- pharynx (throat)
- larynx (voice box)
- trachea
- bronchi
- bronchioles
- alveoli (in the lungs)

8

respiratory system
functions

- inhale oxygen
- exhale carbon dioxide
- exchange gases in the alveoli

9

cardiology

the study of the heart (and related structures)

10

cardiology
body system

cardiovascular system

11

cardiovascular system
structures

- heart
- arteries
- veins
- capillaries

12

cardiovascular system
functions

circulate blood throughout the body

13

hematology

the study of the blood

14

hematology
body system

blood

15

hematology
structures

blood (blood cells and plasma)

16

blood
functions

- transport oxygen and nutrients to the cells
- transport carbon dioxide to the lungs and wastes to the kidneys

17

immunology

the study of the immune response

18

immunology
body system

blood & lymphatic system

19

immunology
structures

- lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, and lymph fluid
- spleen
- thymus
- white blood cells

20

lymphatic system
functions

recognize and destroy disease-causing organisms and abnormal cells

21

dermatology

the study of the skin (and related structures)

22

dermatology
body system

integumentary system

23

integumentary system
structures

- skin
- hair
- nails
- sweat glands
- oil glands

24

integumentary system
functions

- pain, touch, temperature (receive sensory information)
- protect internal organs
- regulate body temperature by sweating

25

orthopedics

the knowledge and practice of producing straightness of the bones and muscles in a child or other person

26

orthopedics
body system

skeletal system & muscular system

27

skeletal system
structures

- bones
- cartilage
- ligaments
- joints

28

skeletal system
functions

support the body

29

muscular system
structures

- muscles
- tendons

30

muscular system
functions

produce movement of the body

31

neurology

the study of the nerves (and related structures)

32

neurology
body system

nervous system

33

nervous system
structures

- brain
- cranial nerves
- spinal cord
- spinal nerves
- cerebrospinal fluid
- neurons

34

nervous system
functions

- receive, relay, and interpret sensory information (vision, hearing, smell, taste, pain, touch, temperature, body position, balance)
- coordinate movement
- store and interpret memory and emotion

35

urology

the study of the urine and the urinary system

36

urology
body system

urinary system

37

urinary system
structures

- kidneys
- ureters
- bladder
- urethra
- nephrons

38

urinary system
functions

excrete urine and waste products

39

male reproductive medicine

studies the structures that produce children

40

male reproductive medicine
body systems

male genital and reproductive system

41

male genital and reproductive system
structures

- scrotum
- testes
- epididymides
- vas deferens
- seminal vesicles
- prostate gland
- urethra
- penis

42

male genital and reproductive system
functions

- secrete male hormones
- produce sperm
- deliver sperm to the female reproductive system

43

gynecology (GYN)

the study of females

44

gynecology
body systems

female genital and reproductive system

45

female genital and reproductive system
structures

- breasts
- ovaries
- uterine tubes
- uterus
- vagina
- external genitalia

46

female genital and reproductive system
functions

- secrete female hormones
- produce ova
- menstruation
- accept sperm from the male
- pregnancy
- milk production after childbirth

47

obstetrics (OB)

the knowledge and practice of treating women during pregnancy and childbirth

48

endocrinology

the study of the glands within the body that secrete hormones

49

endocrinology
body system

endocrine system

50

endocrine system
structures

- pituitary gland
- pineal gland
- thyroid gland
- parathyroid glands
- thymus
- pancreas
- adrenal glands
- ovaries
- testes

51

endocrine system
functions

- secrete hormones into the blood
- direct the activities of the body

52

ophthalmology

the study of the eye (and other structures)

53

ophthalmology
structures

eyes

54

eyes
functions

vision (receive sensory information)

55

otolaryngology

the study of the ears, nose, pharynx (throat), (larynx, and related structures)

56

otolaryngology
body system

ears, nose, and throat (ENT) system

57

ENT system
structures

- ears
- nose
- sinuses
- pharynx (throat)
- larynx (voice box)

58

ENT system
functions

- hearing (receive sensory information)
- balance (receive sensory information)
- smell (receive sensory information)
- speech

59

psychiatry

the medical treatment of the mind

60

oncology

the study of a (cancerous) tumor or mass

61

radiology and nuclear medicine

Radiology is the study and use of x-rays, sound waves, and other forms of radiation and energy to diagnose diseases and conditions.

62

dentistry

a process related to the specialty of the teeth

63

dietetics

the knowledge and practice of foods and diet

64

pharmacology

the stud6 of medicines and drugs

65

neonatology

the study of new babies at birth

66

pediatrics

the knowledge and practice of children and their medical treatment

67

geriatrics

the knowledge and practice of persons of old age and their medical treatment