Anatomical Terms and Medical Specialties - Healthcare Professionals and Healthcare Settings Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomical Terms and Medical Specialties - Healthcare Professionals and Healthcare Settings Deck (40):
1

physician
doctor

leads the members of the healthcare team and directs their activities
- examines the patient
- orders tests
- diagnoses diseases
- treats diseases by prescribing medicines or therapy

2

What degree is held by physicians?

Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) or Doctor of Osteopathy or Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.)

3

surgeons

physicians who complete additional training in surgical techniques

4

primary care physicians (PCPs)

physicians who specialize in family practice or pediatrics

5

attending physician

physician who is on the medical staff of a hospital and admits a patient to the hospital

6

What degree is held by chiropractors?

Doctor of Chiropracty or Chiropractic Medicine (D.C.)

7

chiropractor

physician only treating the alignment of the
- bones,
- muscles, and
- nerves

8

optometrist

physician only treating the eyes

9

optometrist
degree

Doctor of Optometry (O.D.) degree

10

podiatrist

physician only treating the feet

11

podiatrist
degree

Doctor of Podiatric Medicine (D.P.M.)

12

dentist

physician only treating the teeth

13

dentist
degree

Doctor of Dental Surgery (D.D.S.)

14

pharmacist

fill prescriptions for medicines as well as consult with physicians and patients

15

pharmacist
degree

Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm. D.)

16

physician extender

healthcare professional who performs some of the duties of a physician
- examine, diagnose, and treat patients
- some of them can prescribe medicines

17

What are different types of physician extenders?

- physician's assistants (PAs)
- nurse practitioners (NPs)
- certified nurse midwives (CNMs)
- certified registered nurse anesthetists

18

nurse

an allied health professional who
- examines patients,
- makes nursing diagnoses, and
- administers treatments or medicines ordered by the physician
- gives hands-on care focusing on the physical and emotional needs of the patient and family

19

nurse
types

registered nurse (RN)
licensed practical nurse (LPN)
licensed vocational nurse (LVN)

20

What are some other allied health professionals?

- technologists
- technicians
- therapists
- dietitians
- medical assistants
- phlebotomists
- dental hygienists
- audiologists

21

hospital

healthcare facility that is the traditional setting for providing care for patients who are acutely ill and require medical or surgical care for longer than 24 hours

22

inpatient

a patient in the hospital

23

How is a hospital divided?

into floors or nursing units that provide care for specific types of patients

24

ancillary departments

departments in the hospital that provide additional types of services

25

ancillary departments
examples

- radiology department
- physical therapy (PT) department
- dietary department
- emergency department (ED) or emergency room (ER)
- clinical laboratory
- pharmacy

26

nonmedical ancillary departments
service examples

- health information management (medical records)
- finances and billing
- housekeeping

27

physician's office

an office maintained by a single physician or group of physicians where patients are seen, diagnosed, treated, and counseled
- some offices have their own laboratory and x-ray equipment
- seriously ill patients who cannot be diagnosed or treated quickly or effectively enough are sent to the hospital

28

clinic

provides healthcare services similar to that of a physician's office but for just one type of patient or one type of disease
- located in a hospital or their own separate facility

29

well-baby clinic

provides care to newborn infants

30

methadone clinic

treats former drug addicts

31

outpatients

patients of an outpatient clinic
- do not stay overnight
- are not admitted to the clinic

32

ambulatory surgery center (ASC)

a facility where minor surgery is performed and the patient does not stay overnight

33

long-term care facility

primarily a residential facility for older adults or those with disabilities who are unable to care for themselves
- previously known as a nursing home
- 24-hour nursing care
- participants are residents rather than patients
- many provide rehabilitation services

34

skilled nursing facilities (SNFs)

long-term care facilities with a special nursing unit that provides a higher level of medical and nursing care that is needed for patients who have recently been discharged from the hospital

35

rehabilitation services

services to prepare a patient to live independently at home

36

home health agency

agency that provides a range of healthcare services to persons (clients) in their homes

37

home health nurse

- visits routinely each week
- assess physical status, emotional needs, and medications
- offers emotional support to other family members
- supervises the home health aide

38

home health aide

- sees the client several times a week to help the client with her/his physical care

39

hospice

inpatient facility for patients who are dying from a terminal illness and whose physicians have certified that they have less than 6 months to live
- palliative care
- counseling
- emotional support for the patient and family
- can be provided in the patient's home

40

palliative care

supportive medical and nursing to keep the patient comfortable