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Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (58):
1

Which nerve is injured? Wrist laceration

Median

2

Which nerve is injured? Loss of foot plantarflexion and inversion

Tibial

3

Which nerve is injured? Flattened deltoid (loss of arm abduction greater than 15 degrees)

Axillary

4

Which nerve is injured? Loss of grip strength

Radial

5

Which palsy? Lower trunk

Klumpke

6

Which nerve is injured? upward force on arm during delivery of infant

Klumpke/Lower

7

Which nerve is injured? Fracture of medial epicondyle of humerus

Ulnar

8

Which artery accompanies the nerve? Tibial

Popliteal

9

Lumbricals ___ the MCP joints and ____ the PIP and DIP joints.

Flex; Extend

10

Which nerve is injured? Cervical Rib

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

11

Tennis elbow arises with repetitive ______ and _____ epicondylitis

extension; lateral

12

Golfer's elbow arises with repetitive _____ and ____ epicondylitis

flexion; medial

13

Guyon canal syndrome is seen in cyclists and involves compression of the ____ nerve.

Ulnar

14

Which palsy? Upper trunk lesion

Erb

15

Which nerve is injured? Anatomical landmark for pudendal nerve block

Ischial spine

16

Which nerve is injured? Grabbing a branch or something to break a fall

Klumpke/Lower trunk

17

Which nerve is injured? Axillary node dissection post-mastectomy

Long Thoracic

18

Which artery accompanies the nerve? Long thoracic

Lateral thoracic

19

Which nerve is injured? Thigh Flexion and Leg Extension

Femoral

20

Which artery accompanies the nerve? Radial

Deep Brachial

21

Which artery accompanies the nerve? Axillary

Posterior circumflex

22

Which nerve is injured? Loss of sensation over lateral arm

Axillary

23

Which nerve is injured? Posterior hip dislocation

Inferior gluteal

24

Which nerve is injured? Cannot abduct arm above horizontal position

Long thoracic

25

Which nerve is injured? Midshaft fracture of humerus

Radial

26

Which nerve is injured? Loss of foot eversion and dorsiflexion

Common Peroneal

27

A fall on an outstretch arm may damage the ____ bone and cause ____ nerve injury.

Hamate (hook); ulnar

28

Which nerve is injured? Thigh adduction and medial thigh sensation

Obturator

29

Which nerve is injured? Deficits: arm abduction, lateral rotation, flexion, supination

Erb Palsy/Upper Trunk

30

Which nerve is injured? Knee trauma or Baker cyst

Tibial

31

Which nerve is injured? Compression of Lower trunk and subclavian vessels

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

32

Which nerve is injured? Interossei

Ulnar

33

Which nerve is injured? Lateral traction of neck during delivery of infant

Erb/Upper trunk

34

Which muscle medially rotates and adducts arm?

Subscapularis

35

Which nerve is injured? Loss of forearm flexion and supination

Musculocutaneous

36

Which nerve is injured? Winged Scapula

Long Thoracic (Serratus Anterior)

37

Which artery accompanies the nerve? Tibial posterior to medial malleolus

posterior tibial

38

Which nerve is injured? Fibular neck fracture

Common peroneal

39

Which artery accompanies the nerve? Median

Brachial

40

Which nerve is injured? Anterior dislocation of humerus

Axillary

41

Which nerve is injured? Compression of axilla (crutches, Saturday night palsy)

Radial

42

Dislocation of the ____ may cause Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

lunate

43

Which nerve is injured? Loss of sensation over lateral forearm

Musculocutaneous

44

Which nerve is injured? fractured surgical neck of humerus

Axillary

45

Which nerve is injured? Supracondylar fracture of humerus

Median

46

Injured pitching

Infraspinatus (laterally rotates arm)

47

Which nerve is injured? Difficulty rising from seated or climbing stairs

Inferior gluteal

48

Which rotator cuff muscles laterally rotate the arm?

Infraspinatus, Teres Minor

49

Which nerve is injured? Pancoast tumor

Thoracic outlet syndrome

50

Which nerve is injured? Sensation over medial dorsal hand

Ulnar

51

Most common rotator cuff injury

Supraspinatus

52

Which nerve is injured? IM injection to upper medial gluteal region

Superior gluteal

53

Which nerve is injured? Superficial laceration of palm

Recurrent branch of median (thenar muscle weakness only)

54

Sarcomere: region spanned by myosin fibers

A Band

55

Sarcomere: location of myosin anchoring

M Line

56

Sarcomere: location of actin filament anchoring

Z disc

57

Sarcomere: region containing only actin filaments

I band

58

Sarcomere: region containing only myosin filaments

H band