Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (146)
What parts of the urinary tract are in the retroperitoneum?
What parts of the urinary tract are in the pelvis?
What part of the urinary tract is in the perineum?
What is the kidney enclosed in (from superficial to deep)?
- Paranephric fat
- Renal/Deep fascia
- Perinephric fat
- Renal capsule
What muscles surround the kidney?
Posterior abdominal walls:
- Quadratus lumborum
Anterolateral abdominal wall:
- Transverse abdominis
What muscle is the kidney anterior to?
What muscle is the kidney lateral to?
What vertebral levels is the right kidney at?
What vertebral levels is the left kidney at?
What ribs protect the kidneys?
11 + 12
What effects can rib fractures have on the kidneys?
Contusion and Laceration
What are the dimensions of a normal kidney?
How does a usual kidney feel?
What does the right kidney lie posterior to?
2nd part of duodenum
Right colic flexure
What sac does the hepatorenal recess lie in?
What does the left kidney lie posterior to?
Tail of pancreas
Hilum of spleen
Which is more anterior, the renal arteries or veins?
Which is more anterior, common iliac arteries or veins?
What lymph nodes does renal lymph flow to?
Where are the lumbar lymph nodes?
Around abdominal aorta and IVC
Where does ureteric lymph flow to?
Lumbar and iliac nodes
Where are the iliac lymph nodes located?
Around the common, internal and external iliac vessels
Which of the following blood vessels doesn't supply the ureter:
- Renal artery
- Abdominal artery
- Common and iliac arteries
- Superior mesenteric artery
- Vesical artery
Superior mesenteric artery
What does the vesical artery supply?
What tends to be the cause of an infra-renal AAA and renal artery stenosis?
What tends to cause renal artery stenosis by occlusion?
What is the most common anatomical variation in the renal system? What is its incidence?
Bifid renal pelvis -> 1:10
What renal anatomical variation has an incidence of 1:25?
Bifid ureter and unilateral duplicated ureter
What are three less common anatomical variations of the renal and urinary systems? What are their incidences?
Horseshoe kidney -> 1:500
Retro-caval (behind IVC) ureter -> 1:1500
Ectopic pelvic kidney -> 1:2500