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Principles SOH > Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (88)
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1

Sagittal plane

Divides body into right and left down midline

2

Coronal plane

Divides body into anterior and posterior section

3

Axial (transverse) plane

Divides the body into superior or inferior

4

External jugular vein

Superficial vein
Nearer the surface of the body

5

Internal jugular vein

Deep vein
Closer to the core of the body

6

Dorsal surface

Posterior surface of wrist, hand, tongue, foot

7

Volar surface

Anterior surface of wrist

8

Palmar surface

Anterior surface of hand

9

Ventral surface

Anterior surface of tongue

10

Plantar surface

Anterior surface of foot

11

Ipsilateral

Structure lies on the same side of the body as the other structure

12

Contralateral

Structure lies on the opposite side of the body as the other structure

13

Abduction

Moving away from the medial plane

14

Adduction

Moving towards the medial plane

15

Eversion of foot

Sole of foot rotates away from median plane

16

Inversion of foot

Sole of foot rotates towards the median plane

17

Prone

Lying face down

18

Supine

Lying on back

19

Lymph drainage - thoracic duct

Lymph drains from most of body into the left venous angle.
Major lymphatic vessel

20

Lymph drainage - right lymphatic duct

Lymph drains from right upper body into the right venous angle

21

Lymph

Excess tissue fluid

22

Cartilage

Located where mobility is required at joints

23

Fibrous joint
(stability, mobility)

Very stable
Not mobile

24

Fibrous joint - types

Syndesmoses
Sutures
Fontanelles

25

Fibrous joints - syndesmoses

Unites bone with fibrous sheet
Interserous membrane (ie - between radius and ulna)

26

Fibrous joints - sutures

Between the bones of the skull

27

Fibrous joints - fontanelles

Present in foetal skull before sutures develop

28

Cartilaginous joint
(stability, mobility)

More stability
Less mobility

29

Primary cartilaginous joints

Growth plates
eg: epiphyseal growth plate

30

Secondary cartilaginous joints

eg: intervertebral discs, pubic symphesis