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Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (13):
1

This region of the brain is responsible for decision-making, emotional reactions and processing memory. It consists of two groups of nuclei.

Amygdala

2

The pia mater, the arachnoid mater, and the dura mater are the three membranes that envelop the mammalian brain and spinal cord. They are known collectively by what term?

Meninges

3

In mammals, the small intestine is made up of three parts. One is the duodenum; what is the name for either of the other two?

Jejunum, Ileum

4

The plantar fascia is a fibrous band that helps to maintain the structure and shape of which part of the human body?

Foot

5

What collective name is given to the seven rounded bones in the foot, including the cuboid, talus and calcaneus?

Tarsals

6

From a Greek term also applied to a body of close-order infantry, what name denotes the fourteen bones found in the toes?

Phalanges

7

Which bone links the scapula with the sternum?

Clavicle (Collarbone)

8

Epinephrine, norepinephrine, aldosterone, and cortisol, as well as certain male sex hormones (androgens), are all hormones produced in the human body by what glands?

Adrenal glands

9

This is the name of the small depression between your nose and upper lip.

Philtrum

10

Whereas placental mammals have separate digestive and urogenital openings, the majority of vertebrates—including most reptiles, amphibians, and birds—have a single posterior chamber into which the digestive, urinary, and reproductive tracts all enter. What is the term for this orifice?

Cloaca

11

You’ll find your philtrum just below this organ.

Nose

12

The name of what gland was obscured three times on this textbook diagram?

Q image thumb

Pituitary

13

Veins in the human body carry deoxygenated blood, with two exceptions. One exception is the umbilical vein, which is present during prenatal development and transports oxygenated blood from the placenta to the fetus. What is the other exception—the only vein (actually four in number under normal conditions) that carries oxygenated blood and is present in all humans?

Pulmonary