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Flashcards in History of Science Deck (24):
1

Mileva Maric, a Serbian physicist, is best known for her marriage to what other scientist?

Albert Einstein

2

Niels Bohr and Werner Heisenberg's groundbreaking interpretation of quantum mechanics is usually referred to by the name of what European city?

Copenhagen (Interpretation)

3

'The Strangest Man' by Graham Farmelo is a 2009 biography of which scientist, who applied Einstein's Theory of Relativity to quantum mechanics in order to describe the spin of an electron? In 1933 he shared the Nobel Prize for physics with Erwin Schrödinger?

Paul Dirac

4

It took Dorothy Hodgkin 35 years to work out the atomic structure of this pancreatic hormone.

Insulin

5

What was the name of the Austrian physicist who, in 1842, explained the effect of variations in wave frequencies resulting from the relative motion of the source of the wave from the perspective of the observer?

Christian Doppler

6

The temperature scale named after Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius was formally named thus by the Conference General des Poids et Measures in 1948, but before that point (and still today, decreasingly), the scale was commonly known by what other name?

Centigrade

7

The organelle in eukaryotic cells that bundles proteins for specific functions and prepares them for transport to other parts of the cell is an apparatus named after what Italian cytologist?

Camillo Golgi

8

"On the Motion of Bodies," "The Motion of Bodies in Resisting Media," and "On the System of the World" are common (though not official) titles of the three sections of a work by Sir Isaac Newton published in 1687. This work is best known by what shortened, one-word title?

Principia

9

Though he was one of the last astronomers not to use a telescope, this "naked-eye" Dane was known for basing his work on empirical facts and shortly before his death in 1601 hired Johannes Kepler as an assistant.

Tycho Brahe

10

This astronomer is best known for this laws of planetary motion that described the motion of planets around the sun. They were declared across works he released between 1609 - 1619.

Johannes Kepler

11

What Austrian pediatrician first outlined the difference between "high-functioning" and "low-functioning" autism?

Hans Asperger

12

Published around 150 A.D., this geographer’s “Cosmographia” showed an early map of Ireland.

Ptolemy

13

To discredit the AC power system, Edison tried to make this tycoon’s name synonymous with electrocution

George Westinghouse

14

She really took after mom Marie — married a guy from the lab, studied polonium and won a Nobel Prize.

Irene Curie

15

Around 1806 this British commander drew up a “wind force scale and weather notation.”

Francis Beaufort

16

A 2013 Laureate, this British man wrote a 1954 thesis on “Problems in the Theory of Molecular Vibrations.”

Peter Higgs

17

Biochemist Melvin Calvin discovered the cycle that traces carbon through what process in nature?

Photosynthesis

18

What Italian scientist described his namesake law in his 1811 "Essay on Determining the Relative Masses of the Elementary Molecules of Bodies and the Proportions by Which They Enter These Combinations"?

Amedeo Avogadro

19

Nineteenth-century French surgeon and anthropologist Pierre Paul Broca is the namesake for a specific area in what organ in humans?

Brain

20

What famous threesome is sometimes paraphrased by scientists with the maxims "You can't win," "You can't break even," and "You can't even quit the game"?

The laws of thermodynamics

21

This Hungarian-born physicist later regretted the sexism in his telegram “it’s a boy” when an H-bomb test worked.

Edward Teller

22

Malignant cell samples taken from a patient at Johns Hopkins led to the creation of the world's first "immortal cell line," used extensively in medical research over the years. However this has understandably raised privacy concerns due to the nature of the acquisition of the genetic material. What was the name of that patient, from whom the samples were taken without her knowledge or permission?

Henrietta Lacks

23

This neurologist is known for discovering and being the namesake for an authentic smile. Such a smile involves contraction of both the zygomatic major muscle (which raises the corners of the mouth) and the orbicularis oculi muscle (which raises the cheeks and forms crow's feet around the eyes)

Guillaume Duchenne

24

What scientist, who discovered that electric currents affect magnets, was a close friend of author Hans Christian Andersen?

Hans Christian Ørsted