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Flashcards in Chemistry Deck (19):
1

These particles connects quarks together, thereby allowing the formation of protons and neutrons.

Gluons

2

The principle that the volume of a gas times its pressure is constant at a fixed temperature is named after what chemist, who first published the discovery in 1662?

Boyle

3

The chemical element oganesson, whose name became official in November 2016, has the highest atomic number and highest atomic mass of all known (non-hypothetical) elements. Within plus or minus five, what is oganesson's atomic number?

118

4

First synthesized in 1874, the chemical dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane, with the formula (ClC6H5)2CHC(HCl2), has historically been produced mostly for what purpose? This capability was discovered by Swiss chemist Paul Müller in 1939, earning him the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1948.

Insecticide

5

In a chemical reaction where one substance loses electrons through oxidation, the other will gain electrons, through a complementary process called what?

Redox reaction

6

Identify the subatomic particle of the baryon family, believed to be composed of two up quarks and one down quark, which has a mass of 1.672x10^-24 grams and a positive electric charge of 1.602x10^-19 coulombs.

Proton

7

A substance described as stannic, by definition, contains what element (especially with a valence of four)?

Tin

8

These are the six noble gases that occur naturally, in ascending order of atomic weight.

Helium, Neon, Argon, Krypton, Xenon , Radon

9

(1) What is the atomic symbol for Mercury and (2) what Latin word is it derived from?

(1) Hg, (2) hydrargyrum

10

It’s atomic number 22 in your program but number 1 in your heart when an alloy is used in a pacemaker.

Titanium

11

The unit of length equal to 1.616 229(38)×10^-35 meters, the constant in quantum physics equal to 6.62607004×10^-34 m^2 kg/s, and the unit of temperature equal to 1.416 808(33)×10^32 K (considered "absolute hot") are all named after what Nobel-winning German physicist?

Max Planck

12

If the fictional metallic element vibranium actually existed, it would probably have the symbol Vb or Vi, since the symbol V is already in use for what other rare metal?

Vanadium

13

According to Boyle’s Law, this in gas increases whenever the volume of its container decreases.

Pressure

14

This precious metal boasts the highest thermal and electrical conductivity.

Silver

15

A unit of atomic mass, a dalton is defined as 1/12th the mass of the “12” isotope of this element.

Carbon

16

When dissolved in water, the chemical compound sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) forms a solution commonly known as what?

Bleach

17

This radical self-sustaining type of reaction happens in 3 stages: initiation, propagation and termination.

Chain Reaction

18

Steel is an alloy of these two base elements.

Carbon (C), Iron (Fe)

19

The chemical compound sodium bicarbonate, when sold in grocery stores, is more commonly labeled as what?

Baking Soda