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DL MBCHB 1 Principles > Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (164)
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1

Describe the Anatomical position?

- Standing.
- Facing anteriorly.
- Face, eyes, palms, and toes pointing anteriorly.
- Upper limbs by side.
- Feet together.

2

Describe the Supine position?

- Patient lying on back.

3

Describe the Prone position?

- Patient lying on front.

4

Describe the Sagittal/ Medial plane?

- Splits body down the middle into left and right parts.

5

Describe the Coronal plane?

- Splits body into front and back.

6

Describe the Axial/ Transverse plane?

- Splits body into top and bottom.

7

Describe Right & Left.

- The patients Right and Left.

8

Describe Anterior & Posterior.

- In Front and Behind.

9

Describe Superior & Inferior.

- Higher and Lower.

10

Describe Cranial & Caudal.

- Higher and Lower.

11

Describe Medial & Lateral.

- Closer to mid-line and Further from mid-line

12

Describe Proximal & Distal.

- Nearer and Further to the body.

13

Describe Superficial & Deep.

- Nearer to the surface of the body and Further from the surface of the body.

14

Describe External and Internal.

- Further from the centre and Closer to the centre.

15

Describe Major and Minor.

- Larger and Smaller.

16

Name the Dorsal surfaces.

- Posterior wrist.
- Posterior hand.
- Posterior tongue.
- Superior foot.

17

Name the Dorsal Opposite surfaces.

- Volar = Anterior wrist.
- Palmar = Anterior hand.
- Ventral = Anterior tongue.
- Plantar = Inferior foot.

18

Describe the meaning of Unilateral.

- Structure found only on one side of the body.

19

Describe the meaning of Bilateral.

- Normally paired structures.

20

Describe the meaning of Midline.

- Single structure located on the medial plane.

21

Describe the meaning of Ipsilateral.

- Structure lies on the same side of the body.

22

Describe the meaning of Contralateral.

- Structure lies on the opposite side of the body.

23

Describe Flexion & extension.

- Decreasing and Increasing the angle between bones at a joint.

24

Describe Abduction & Adduction.

- Movement Away and Towards the medial plane.

25

Describe Internal & Medial rotation.

- Anterior surface rotates Towards the medial plane.

26

Describe External & Lateral rotation.

- Anterior surface rotates Away from the medial plane.

27

Describe Circumduction.

- Circular motion at a joint.

28

Describe Inversion & Eversion.

- Sole of foot rotates towards and away from the medial plane.

29

Describe Pronation & Supination.

- Forearm rotates Internally and Externally.

30

Describe Semi-prone.

- Midway between prone and supine positions.