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The study of composition of matter

Chemistry

1

Anything that takes up space and has mass

Matter

2

Basic building block of matter

Atoms

3

Has a mass positive charge and located in the nucleus

Protons

4

Has a mass neutral charge located in the nucleus

Neutron

5

Has no mass negative charge and in the electron cloud

Electrons

6

Center out cell all mass is here

Nucleus

7

Surround the nucleus

Electron cloud

8

Groups of similar atoms

Elements

9

Abbreviation of elements name

Chemical symbol

10

What is the weight in order from highest to lowest of human body chemicals

Oxygen
Carbon
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
Calcium
Phosphorous

11

Same element with a different number of neurons

Isotopes

12

Number of protons and neutrons

Mass number

13

Smallest part of a compound that still acts like that compound

Molecules

14

Bond formed by transferring electrons

Ionic

15

Bond that shares electrons

Covalent

16

Define shape and definite volume

Solid

17

Definite volume no define shape

Liquids

18

No definite shape and boo definite volume

Gasses

19

Gives of heat makes bonds takes in energy

Exothermic

20

Gives of heart and breaks bonds

Endothermic

21

Decomposition

Catabolism

22

Combines things and forms

Anabolism

23

Can't create our destroy matter

Law of conservation of mass

24

The ability to do work

Energy

25

Energy in motion

Kinetic

26

Stored energy

Potential

27

Can't create our destroy energy only changes form

Law of conservation of energy

28

Amount of energy needed to start a chemical reaction

Activation energy

29

Proteins that are natural catalysts that end in ase

Enzymes

30

Speeds up chemical reactions

Catalysts

31

Slows down chemical reactions

Inhibitors

32

No carbon to hydrogen bonds
Ex. CO2 O2

Inorganic compounds

33

Strong acid and a strong base equals

Salt

34

Substances that lower the acidity but raises the pH

Buffers

35

Have carbon to hydrogen bonds

Organic compounds

36

Nothing will dissolve
Ex. Fats and oils

Hydrophobic

37

Dissolve very easy
Ex's sugars and salts

Hydrophilic

38

Main energy sugars and starches one to three percent of body mass

Carbohydrates

39

Suited energy used for protection two tones the energy as carbohydrates

Lipids

40

Build body tissues twenty percent of body weight

Proteins

41

DNA and RNA

nucleic acids

42

Simple sugars glucose and fructose

Monosaccharides

43

Two monosaccharides put together
Table sugar and lactose

Disaccharides

44

Starches

Polysaccharides

45

Used for energy

Fatty acids

46

Single bond
Ex Butter

Saturated

47

Double bonded fats
Ex. Olive oil

Unsaturated fats

48

Chemical messengers

Eicosanoids

49

Body fat that is stored energy
Insulation protection and cushion

Glycerides

50

Cholesterol
Used in membranes sexual function tissue metabolism and bile salts

Steroids

51

Also used in cell membranes

Phospholipids

52

What are the seven major functions off proteins

Support
Movement
Transport
Buffering
Metabolic regulation
Coordination and control
Defense

53

Reactant in a reaction

Substrates

54

Only certain enzymes will break down certain things

Specificity

55

Only so much enzymes in your body

Saturation limits

56

The enzyme can be turned on or off

Regulation

57

Large proteins that act as enzymes antibodies hormones or form cell parts creates mucous

Glycoproteins

58

Synovial fluid that's between your joints

Proteoglycans

59

Generic blueprint that is double stranded

DNA

60

Controls protein production

RNA

61

DNA~ ribosome

Messenger(mRNA)

62

carries amino acids to the ribosome

Transfer(tRNA)

63

Puts together proteins

Ribosomal (rRNA)

64

Least energy

AMP

65

most energy

ATP