Anatomy Chapter 2 Flashcards Preview

Anat/Phys > Anatomy Chapter 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy Chapter 2 Deck (66)
Loading flashcards...
0

The study of composition of matter

Chemistry

1

Anything that takes up space and has mass

Matter

2

Basic building block of matter

Atoms

3

Has a mass positive charge and located in the nucleus

Protons

4

Has a mass neutral charge located in the nucleus

Neutron

5

Has no mass negative charge and in the electron cloud

Electrons

6

Center out cell all mass is here

Nucleus

7

Surround the nucleus

Electron cloud

8

Groups of similar atoms

Elements

9

Abbreviation of elements name

Chemical symbol

10

What is the weight in order from highest to lowest of human body chemicals

Oxygen
Carbon
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
Calcium
Phosphorous

11

Same element with a different number of neurons

Isotopes

12

Number of protons and neutrons

Mass number

13

Smallest part of a compound that still acts like that compound

Molecules

14

Bond formed by transferring electrons

Ionic

15

Bond that shares electrons

Covalent

16

Define shape and definite volume

Solid

17

Definite volume no define shape

Liquids

18

No definite shape and boo definite volume

Gasses

19

Gives of heat makes bonds takes in energy

Exothermic

20

Gives of heart and breaks bonds

Endothermic

21

Decomposition

Catabolism

22

Combines things and forms

Anabolism

23

Can't create our destroy matter

Law of conservation of mass

24

The ability to do work

Energy

25

Energy in motion

Kinetic

26

Stored energy

Potential

27

Can't create our destroy energy only changes form

Law of conservation of energy

28

Amount of energy needed to start a chemical reaction

Activation energy

29

Proteins that are natural catalysts that end in ase

Enzymes