Chapter 9- Joints Flashcards Preview

Anat/Phys > Chapter 9- Joints > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9- Joints Deck (30):
0

The point where two bones meet

Articulations

1

Joints that are strong

Usually not flexible

2

Joints that are week

Have no flexibility

3

Ways to classify joints

1.)amount of movement
2.)organization of joints

4

Immovable

Synarthrotic

5

Skull

Suture

6

Tooth and jaw

Gomphosis

7

Fused growth plates

Synostosis

8

Slightly movable weaker

Amphioarthrotic

9

Bones connect to ligaments (between tibia and fibula)

Syndesmosis

10

Fibro cartilage

Symphasis

11

Freely movable

Diarthrotic joints

12

Joints with a capsule with a filled with fluid in consistency of eggs white

Synovial joints

13

Reduces friction and reduces impact

Articular cartilage

14

What does synovial joints do

1.)lubrication
2.)gives nutrients
3.) shock absorber

15

Wedges of tissue between bones

Meniscus

16

Functions of the meniscus

1.) reduces shock
2.)stabilize the joint
3.)cushion

17

Protect cartilage act as a filter and cushion

Fat pads

18

Connect bone to bone

Ligaments

19

Thicker capsule wall

Accessory

20

Outside if joint capsule

Extra capsular

21

Inside the capsule

Intra capsular

22

Connect muscle to bone

Tendons

23

Fluid filled sacs between ligaments

Bursae

24

Swollen Bursae sacs due to over use

Bursitis

25

Complete dislocation

Luxation

26

Partial dislocation

Subluxation

27

Connection areas inbetween vertebrae

Intervertebral articulations

28

Discs slides out of position and presses in spinal nerves

Slipped discs

29

Annulus fibrosus tears and leaks gel and vertebrae rub on eachother

Herniated disc