Anatomy- Limb Arthrology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomy- Limb Arthrology Deck (48):
0

What is the only bone-bone joint in the upper limb and axial skeleton?

Sternoclavicular joint

1

Sternoclavicular joint type

Synovial
Stellar shape

2

Sternoclavicular joint shape

Stellar

3

Sternoclaviculat joint Degrees of freedom

2

4

Movements at sternoclavicular joint

Elevation/depression
Protraction/retraction

5

Articulations of sternoclavicular joint

Clavicle and manubrium

6

Extra features of sternoclavicular joint

Contains articulate joint which divides joint into 2 synovial cavities

7

Acromialclavicular joint type

Synovial

8

Acromiolclavicular joint shape

Plane (gliding)

9

Acromioclavicular joint degrees of freedom

2

10

Movements at acromioclavicular joint

Elevation/depression
Scapular upward/downward rotation (direction glenoid fossa faces)

11

Articulations of acromioclavicular joint

Clavicle and scapula (acromion)
Also includes syndesmosis between clavicle and coracoid process of scapula

12

Special features of acromioclavicular joint

My contain articular disk

13

Glenohumeral joint type

Synovial joint

14

Glenohumeral joint shape

Spheroidal

15

Glenohumeral degrees of freedom

3

16

Movements at glenohumeral joint

Flexion/extension
Abduction/adduction
Internal/external rotation

17

Three joints of "elbow"

Humeroulnar
Humeroradial
Proximal radioulnar
[all share a single synovial capsule with a single capsular ligament]

18

Humeroulnar joint shape

Ginglymus

19

Degrees of freedom of Humeroulnar joint

1

20

Movement at Humeroulnar joint

Flexion/extension

21

Humeroradial joint shape

Ginglymous

22

Humeroradial degrees of freedom

1

23

Movement at humeroradial joint

Flexion/extension

24

Proximal radioulnar joint shape

Trochoid

25

Degrees of freedom of proximal radioulnar joint

1

26

Movement at proximal radioulnar joint

Pronation/supination

27

Articulations of wrist joint

Radius
Ulna
Carpal bones

28

Main wrist joint

Radiocarpal joint

29

Articulations of radiocarpal joint

Radius
Scaphoid
Lunate

30

Wrist joint shape

Ellipsoid

31

Wrist joint types

Synovial

32

Degrees of freedom of wrist

2

33

Movements at wrist

Flexion/extension
Adduction/abduction

34

Where can you find an articular disk in the wrist

Joint between ulna and triquetral bones

35

Bones of thumb joint

Metacarpal 1
Trapezium

36

Thumb joint shape

Stellar

37

Degrees of freedom of thumb joint

2

38

Movements at thumb joint

Flexion/extension
Adduction/abduction

39

Ligaments of thumb joint

Palmar carpometacarpal ligaments
Dorsal carpometacarpal ligaments
Intermetacarpal ligament (joins metacarpals 1&2)

40

Articulations of metacarpophalangeal joints

Heads of metacarpals and proximal phalanges

41

Metacarpophalangeal joint shape

Ellipsoid

42

Metacarpophalangeal joint degrees of freedom

2

43

Movements at metacarpophalangeal joints

Flexion/extension
Adduction/abduction (except thumb)

44

Interphalangeal joint shape

Ginglymous

45

Interphalangeal joint degrees of freedom

1

46

Interphalangeal joint movement

Flexion/extension

47

Ligaments at interphalangeal joint

Articular capsule
Collateral ligaments-reinforce sides of joint
Palmar ligaments/plates- continue groove that guides flexor tendon
Extensor hood/dorsal digital expansion sheath (digits 2-5)- allows simultaneous extension of interphalangeals