LE Origin and Insertion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in LE Origin and Insertion Deck (57):
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Gluteus Maximus

Origin: posterior superior ilium
Dorsal sacrum and coccyx
Sacrotuberus ligament

Insertion: gluteal tuberosity of femur
Iliotibial tract

1

Tensor fascia latae

Origin:
Upper lip of iliac crest to anterior superior iliac spine
Insertion: fascia lata
Iliotibial tract

2

Gluteus medius

Origin: mid portion of outer iliac blade
Insertion: lateral portion of greater trochanter

3

Gluteus minimus

Origin: lower portion of outer iliac blade
Insertion: anterior surface of greater trochanter

4

Piriformis

Origin: ventral surface of S2,3,4
Insertion: superior surface of greater trochanter

5

Obturator internus

Origin: internal margin of obturator foramen and obturator membrane
Insertion: superior medial aspect of greater trochanter

6

Superior gemellus

Origin: ischial spine
Insertion: medial side of greater trochanter via tendon of obturator internus

7

Inferior gemellus

Origin: upper part of ischial tuberosity
Insertion: medial side of greater trochanter via tendon of obturator internus

8

Obturator externus

Origin: external margin do obturator foramen and obturator membrane
Insertion: trochanteric fossa of femur

9

Quadratus femoris

Origin: upper part of lateral border of ischial tuberosity
Insertion: upper part of intertrochanteric crest

10

Iliopsoas

Origin: iliac fossa, lateral aspect of bodies and transverse processes of T12-L4
Insertion: lesser trochanter of femur

11

Iliacus

Origin: iliac fossa
Insertion: lesser trochanter of femur

12

Psoas major

Origin: lateral aspect of bodies and transverse processes of T12-L4
Insertion: lesser trochanter of femur

13

Pectinus

Origin: pectineal line of pubis
Insertion: pectineal line of femur

14

Sartorius

Origin: anterior superior iliac spine
Insertion: proximal-medial tibia (pes anserinus)

15

Rectus femoris straight head

Origin: anterior inferior iliac spine
Insertion: tibial tuberosity via patellar ligament

16

Rectus femoris reflected head

Origin: superior margin of acetabulum
Insertion: tibial tuberosity via patellar ligament

17

Vastus medialis

Origin: medial aspect of femoral shaft
Insertion: tibial tuberosity via patellar ligament

18

Vastus intermedius

Origin: anterior and lateral 2/3 of proximal femur shaft
Insertion: tibial tuberosity via patellar ligament

19

Vastus lateralis

Origin: lateral aspect of femoral shaft
Insertion: tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon

20

Articularis genu

Origin: anterior aspect of distal femur
Insertion: synovial membrane of supra patellar bursa

21

Gracilis

Origin: pectineal line of pubis
Insertion: proximal medial tibia (pes anserinus)

22

Adductor longus

Origin: anterior pubis, below pubic crest
Insertion: middle third of linea aspera of femur

23

Adductor brevis

Origin: body and inferior ramps of pubis
Insertion: proximal third of linea aspera of femur

24

Adductor Magnus medial head

Origin: inferior pubic and ischial ramus
Insertion: medial linea aspera, medial supracondylar line, adductor tubercle of femur

25

Adductor Magnus lateral head

Origin: superior medial ischial tuberosity
Insertion: medial linea aspera, medial supracondylar line, adductor tubercle of femur

26

Biceps femoris long head

Origin: superior medial aspect of ischial tuberosity
Insertion: head of fibula

27

Biceps femoris short head

Origin: distal half of femoral shaft, lateral lip of linea aspera
Insertion: head of fibula

28

Semimembranosus

Origin: superior lateral aspect of ischial tuberosity
Insertion: posterior medial aspect of proximal tibia

29

Semitendinosus

Origin: middle of ischial tuberosity
Insertion: medial aspect of proximal tibia (pes anserinus)

30

Plantaris

Origin: supracondylar line above lateral femoral condyle
Insertion: calcaneal tuberosity

31

Gastrocnemius medial head

Origin: popliteal of femur, upper part of medial femoral condyle, capsule of knee joint
Insertion: calcaneal tuberosity

32

Gastrocnemius lateral head

Origin: upper part of lateral femoral condyle, lower part of supracondylar line, capsule of knee joint
Insertion: calcaneal tuberosity

33

Soleus

Origin: proximal ends of tibia (soleal line) and fibula
Insertion: calcaneal tuberosity

34

Popliteus

Origin: popliteal groove on lateral femoral condyle, lateral meniscus
Insertion: proximal posterior surface of tibia

35

Tibialis posterior

Origin: tibia, fibula, and interosseous membrane
Insertion: navicular tuberosity with slips to three cuneiforms, cuboid, and metatarsals 2,3,4

36

Flexor digitorum longus

Origin: posterior surface of midshaft tibia
Insertion: base of distal phalanx of toes 2-5

37

Flexor hallucis longus

Origin: distal 2/3 of posterior fibulas shaft, interosseous membrane
Insertion: plantar aspect of first toe's distal phalanx

38

Tibialis anterior

Origin: lateral aspect of dorsal tibia, interosseous membrane
Insertion: dorsal aspect of navicular tuberosity, medial cuneiform, base of 1st metatarsa

39

Extensor digitorum longus

Origin: lateral tibial condyle, proximal fibula, interosseous membrane
Insertion: extensor sheath of digits 2-5

40

Fibularis tertius

Origin: medial side of fibula
Insertion: dorsal surface of 5th metatarsal tuberosity

41

Extensor hallucis longus

Origin: middle of fibular shaft, interosseous membrane
Insertion: dorsal surface of digit 1 distal phalanx

42

Fibularis longus

Origin: lateral side of fibular shaft
Insertion: plantar surface of medial cuneiform, base of 1st metatarsal

43

Fibularis brevis

Origin: Lateral distal 2/3 of fibular shaft
Insertion: dorsal side of 5th metatarsal tuberosity

44

Extensor digitorum brevis

Origin: dorsal surface of calcaneus
Insertion: dorsal aponeurosis, proximal phalanx of digits 2-4

45

Extensor hallucis brevis

Origin: dorsal surface of calcaneus
Insertion: dorsal surface of digit 1 proximal phalanx

46

abductor hallucis

Origin: calcaneal tuberosity
Insertion: medial aspect of digit 1 proximal phalanx, head of first metatarsal

47

Flexor digitorum brevis

Origin: calcaneal tuberosity, long plantar ligament
Insertion: base of middle phalanges of digits 2-5

48

Abductor digiti quinti

Origin: calcaneal tuberosity
Insertion: lateral aspect of digit 5 proximal phalanx

49

Flexor digitorum accessorius

Origin: calcaneal tuberosity
Insertion: tendon of flexor digitorum longus

50

Lumbercals

Origin: tendon of flexor digitorum longus
Insertion: digital extensor hood on medial side of proximal phalanges 2-5

51

Flexor hallucis brevis

Origin: plantar surface of cuboid and 3rd cuneiform
Insertion: medial and lateral base of digit 1 proximal phalanx

52

Adductor hallucis oblique head

Origin: bases of middle 3 metatarsals
Insertion: inside base of digit 1 proximal phalanx

53

Adductor hallucis transverse head

Origin: heads of middle 3 metatarsals
Insertion: inside base of digit 1 proximal phalanx

54

Flexor digiti quinti

Origin: Base of 5th metatarsal
Insertion: lateral aspect of digit 5 proximal

55

Plantar interossei

Origin: base and medial sides of metatarsals 3-5
Insertion: medial sides of digits 2,3,4 proximal phalanges

56

Interossei dorsalis pedis

Origin: adjacent sides of metatarsals 2-5
Insertion:both sides of digit 2 proximal phalanx, lateral sides of digits 3&4 proximal phalanges