Anatomy Pathologies lower extremity Flashcards Preview

MSK > Anatomy Pathologies lower extremity > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy Pathologies lower extremity Deck (25):
1

Flat foot is a result of dysfucntion of what active arch support?

Tibialis Posterior

2

someone who never hikes and then hikes could experience stress of what fascia?

Plantar Fascia

3

What artery pulse do you test on the foot to gauge the health of peripheral vessels?

The Dorsal artery of the foot

4

The Deep fibular artery can be detected where?

between extensor hallucis longus and extensor digitorum longus

5

you can't feel the skin of what side of your calf if your saphenous nerve is affected?

Medial calf

6

Hip pointer is an acute injury to the

iliac crest that can result in ruptured capillaries, bleeding int the abd cavity

7

Charley horse

quads spasm

8

Psoas Abscess can be cause by what oganisms?

TB, enteritis (Crohn's)

GET AN XRAY

9

Striking the patella tests peripheral proprioception nerve reflex of what spinal levels?

L2,3,4

10

If you wanted to place a cather for a cardiac angiography where in the leg could you place it?

in the femoral vein located in the femoral triangle

11

the femoral hernia common in women exits through the

saphenous opening

12

Pes anserinus bursitis is a result of muscle tendons that insert on the medial surface of the tibia, what are those muscle insertions?

Sartorius, gracilis, semitendinosus

13

Groin pull results from

strain of the adductors

14

A distal femure fratacture is associated with a risk of what downstream hemorrhaging?

Popliteal hemorrhage

15

What keeps the ankle extensors from bowstringing?

Inferior Extensor Retinaculum

16

If you are having trouble pushing off your big toe what muscle might be having an issue?

Flexor Hallucis Longus

17

IF you havig trouble inverting you foot what might be the issue?

Tibialis Posterior

18

If you're having issues flexing your lateral four toes what muscle may be affected?

Flexor Digitorum Longus

19

Muscle compartment syndrome is likely to happen in tibialis posterior because?

Tib posterior is buried deep with three rigid walls around it

20

Osgood-Schlatter's Disease affects the tibial tuberosity because

The quads insert there and excessive strain could damage the epiphyseal plate located there

21

Drop foot gait from what nerve damage?

common fibular nerve injury

22

strongest ligament in the body?

Iliofemoral

23

What ligament is not part of the joint capsule of the knee?

The Fibular collateral ligament that attaches to the lateral femoral epicondyle and head of the fibula

24

what fibular ligaments will liekly tear with severe inversion of the ankle?

Talofibular ligament

25

What sort of injuries threaten limb amputation?

(Compartment Syndrome)
Crush injury