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Flashcards in Pretest Anatomy Deck (19):
1

Osgood-schlatter disease is common in young adolescents why?

Because their epiphyseal plates are still open

2

Osgood-Schlatter disease typically presents in athletic adolescents going through a growth spurt. Chronic avulsion can cause?

The proximal patellar tendon insertion from the tibial tubercle (the insertion is elevated)

3

What test reproduces ACL strain?

Anterior Drawer Test

4

The suprapatellar bursa extends...

under the quadriceps tendon and the patella

5

Prepatellar Bursitis can become irritated by doing what action

Kneeling because it is compressed anterior to the patellar

6

Blood to the forearm can best be limited by compressing which artery that runs medial to the humerus in the arm

Brachial artery that crosses the first rib along the brachial plexus

7

Why would compressing at the cubital fossa not yield good results in stopping a forearm bleed?

There is extensive anastomoses around the elbow

8

Triceps tendon reflex mediated by

C7

9

Herniated Discs (soft tissue structures) are best studied with what radiological imaging?

MRI (CT not good for soft tissue)

10

umbilicus dermatome level

T10

11

nipple

T5

12

xiphoid process dermatome

T7

13

where does the spinal cord terminate?

L1

14

Trendelenburg Gait is a drop of the pelvis on the unaffected side typically due to the loss of what nerve to the glut med and min?

Superior Gluteal Nerve

15

Where does the radial nerve and deep brachial vessels un on the humerus?

On a posterior groove on the humeral shaft.

16

Injury to the radial nerve that runs on the posterior humeral shaft would cause

Wrist-drop because of paralysis/no nerve conduction to the extensors, supinator, abductor pollicis longus,

17

Thickening of what aponeurosis causes Duputryens contracture

Palmar Aponeurosis

18

What nerve would be at risk with a fracture at the surgical neck of the humerus?

Axillary Nerve (C5, C6) as well as posterior circumflex humeral vessels

19

Why is the common fibular nerve at risk if you hit your shin?

The common fibular nerve wraps around the fibular shaft proximal to the head placing it close to the skin and likely to be damaged.