exercise Flashcards Preview

MSK > exercise > Flashcards

Flashcards in exercise Deck (27):
1

which çreates more force eccentric or concentric?

eccentric (lengthening)

2

Why is the latent period important?

simple twitches, summation and simple twitches happen before tetany

3

what is the most efficient motor units?

slow, type I because the Type II are easily fatiguable

4

endurance training increases

capillary density and mitochondria

5

couch potato to exercising

Past IIB-->IIa--> I (slow)

6

Muscle atrophy conversion

Slow I--->IIa--->IIb

7

strength within first 8 weeks:

neural factors not hypertrophy factors

8

heel strike

glut max

9

foot flat

quad

10

toe off

iliopsoas

11

terminal swing

quads

12

foot slap

common fibular nerve injury

13

limb muscles active during gait

gastroc/rectus, abductors and


glutmed/min

bicpes femoris to stop

14

high stepping gait

common fibular nerve damage

15

determinants of gait

pelvic tilt (glut med/min (adductor group))

pelvic rotation and movement of the femoral head

16

biggest risk factor for having a fall

having had a fall

17

white men 85+

worst px after fall

18

causes of falling

vision

proprioreceptive system

vestibular system

acute illness

medication (benedryl, anti-cholinergic, narcotics)

19

goal BP for over 80yo

150/90

20

65 BP goal

140/90

21

Change in baroreceptive senitive as we get older can cause

hypotension upon rising and resulting fall

22

components of gait

antigravity

balamce

stepping

higher CNS

23

stride lengths huld be

at least 2 foot lenght

24

ataxic

A/P sway, tremor, wide based stance

test: heel to toe

25

antalgic gait

with a joint that's spurring.

a limp

R leg affected? cane in left hand

26

Apraxic gait

can't walk. neuro issues

27

Festinating gait

Parkinson's

flexed trunk and legs, stiffly at the knees and hips