Ancient River Valley Civilizations Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ancient River Valley Civilizations Deck (21):
0

Arc of rich farmland in southwest Asia, between the Persian gulf and the Mediterranean Sea

Fertile Cresent

1

Land between two rivers

Mesopotamia

2

Large landmass that forms a distinct part of a continent

Subcontinent

3

A marshy region formed by deposits of silt at mouth of a river

Delta

4

A city and its surrounding lands functioning as an independent political unit

City-State

5

A number of countries controlled by a single ruler

Empire

6

A king in ancient Egypt

Pharaoh

7

Belief in many gods

Polytheism

8

Government controlled by religious leaders

Theocracy

9

Series of rulers from a single family

Dynasty

10

Two rivers in Mesopotamia

Tigris and Euphrates

11

Environmental challenges in Mesopotamia

-flooding
-no barriers
-no raw materials

12

Solutions to environmental challenges in Mesopotamia

-irrigation ditches
-built walls
-traded

13

What is cuneiform and what does it look like

Ancient writing system in Mesopotamia, triangles and lines

14

Who was Hammurabi

King of Babylon who made the code

15

What's special about the Nile and what does it do once a year

Flows north, floods

16

How long does mummification take

About 70 days

17

Significance of the Rosetta Stone

Decoded hieroglyphics

18

Egyptian social classes

Pharaoh, farmers, laborers

19

Harrapan civilization had?

Planned cities, raised platforms, sewage

20

Neolithic revolution importance?

Began domestication of plants and animals