Hinduism/buddhism Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

World History > Hinduism/buddhism Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hinduism/buddhism Vocabulary Deck (26):
0

Indo-European people who around 1500 B.C. Began to migrate into the Indian subcontinent

Aryans

1

Ancient language of India

Sanskrit

2

4 collections of sacred writings produced by the Aryans during an early stage of their settlement in India

Vedas

3

In Aryan society, a member of the social class made up of priests

Brahmin

4

One of the 4 classes in the social system in India. Priests, Warriors, peasants or traders, non-rayan laborers or craftsmen

Caste

5

A great Indian epic poem, reflecting the struggles of the Aryans as they moved south into India

Mahabharata

6

The process by which a soul is continuously reborn

Reincarnation

7

Totaled amount of good and bad deeds

Karma

8

Religion who believes everything has a soul therefore should not be harmed

Jainism

9

Founder of Buddhism "Buddha"

Siddhartha Gautama

10

In Buddhism, a state of perfect wisdom in which one understands basic truths about the universe

Enlightenment

11

The release from pain and suffering achieved after enlightenment

Nirvana

12

A language of southern India/the people who speak the language

Tamil

13

The second empire in India, founded by Chandra Gupta

Gupta empire

14

Father is the head of the family

Patriarchal

15

Mother is the head of the family

Matriarchal

16

The first empire in India, founded by Chandragputa Maurya in 321 B.C.

Mauryan empire

17

Brought Maurvan empire to the greatest height

Asoka

18

A recognition of people's right to hold different religious beliefs

Religious toleration

19

Sect of Buddhism that offers salvation to all and allows popular worship

Mahayana

20

Sect of Buddhism focusing on the strict spiritual discipline originally advocated for Buddha

Theravada

21

Mounded stone structures built over Buddhist holy relics

Stupa

22

Hindu god considered the creator of the world

Brahman

23

Hindu god considered the preserver of the world

Vishnu

24

A Hindu god considered the destroyer of the world

Shiva

25

System of ancient caravan routes across Central Asia, along which traders carried silk and other goods

Silk roads