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Flashcards in Islam Study Guide Deck (34):
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The five pillars of Islam: Faith

Statement of faith to Allah and to Muhammad as a prophet

1

The five pillars of Islam: Prayer

Pray 5 times a day

2

The five pillars of Islam: Alms

Do charity or give money to the poor

3

The five pillars of Islam: Fasting

Fast between dawn and sunset during holy month of Ramadan

4

The five pillars of Islam: Pilgrimage

Go the the holy city of Mecca at least once and perform in the Hajj

5

Geography of the Arabian Peninsula (where is it, how is the climate)

Between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf. The climate is hot and humid. Lots of desserts

6

Why is the location of the Arabian Peninsula important?

It is the cross roads of three continents Africa, Asia, and Europe... So that makes it a center for trade

7

What is a prophet?

A religious leader who tells what he/she believes is the will of God

8

What are the literal meanings of the words Islam & Muslim

Submission to Allah

9

What is the significance of the cities of Mecca and Medina?

They are the holy cities

10

Believes in many gods

Polytheistic

11

Believes in one God

Monotheistic

12

Believes there is no God

Atheistic

13

Believes there is no way to prove God exists

Agnostic

14

Why do Christians Jews and Muslims see Jerusalem as an important city?

Because that is where there religions began

15

What is the holy book of Islam

Qur'an

16

What is the holy book of Judaism

The Hebrew bible

17

What is the holy book in Christianity

The bible

18

Describe the relationship between Muslims, Jews, and Christians. Are their feelings mutual?

All three believe in a heaven, hell, and a judgement day and recognize Abraham as their roots beginnings. Muslims believe they worship the same God as Jews and Christians but they don't feel the same was as Muslims

19

A successor or deputy of Islam is a _____

Caliph

20

Followers of Muhammad that support the Umayyads (90%)

Sunni

21

Believe in caliph should be Muhammad's descendants (10%)

Shi'a

22

Are followers who pursue life of poverty, spirituality, reject Umayyads

Sufi

23

Holy war waged on non-believers waged on behalf of Islam

Jihad

24

The language of Islam is ______

Arabic

25

Who is Muhammad's daughter and why is she significant?

Fatima and she was the youngest Muslim in Islam

26

Damascus and Baghdad where both _____ but _____ had a larger population

Capitals; Baghdad

27

Women's roles in islam?

Obey men... But their roles depend on their husbands income

28

What is polygamy? And under what circumstances is it accepted

Polygamy is when a man has more than one wife. And this is only acceptable if he treats them all equally.

29

Artists turn to _____because they can't paint living things

Calligraphy

30

Popular book in Islam?

The Thousand And One Nights

31

How do scientists solve problems in Islam?

Through experiments

32

Science achievement?

Al-Razi writes an encyclopedia of medical knowledge

33

Math achievement?

Al-Khwarizm develops Algebra and writes text book