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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Study Guide Deck (40):
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Persian wars

Persian empire vs. Greece

1

Peloponnesian war

Athens vs. Sparta

2

Trojan war

Greece vs. Troy

3

Form of government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility

Aristocracy

4

Form of government in which powerful individual gains control of a city-states government by appealing to the poor for support

Tyranny

5

Government in which power is in the hands of a single person

Monarchy

6

Government in which power is in the hands of a few people especially in which rule is based upon wealth

Oligarchy

7

Government controlled by citizens either directly or through representatives

Democracy

8

This group includes Indo-Europeans who settled on the Greek mainland around 2000 BC

Mycenaen

9

Ancient kingdom to the north of Greece

Macedonia

10

City established by Alexander the Great in Egypt that became the foremost center of commerce & Hellenistic civilization

Alexandria

11

Greek speaking people that according to tradition migrated into Greece after the destruction of the Mycenaen civilization

Dorians

12

Approximately 3/4's of Greece includes what geographical feature

Mountains

13

Climate in Greece?

Mild

14

Mycenaeans adopted sea trade and culture from which early civilization

Minoans

15

The Iliad & Odyssey were written by what famous poet

Homer

16

Which greek city-state is the birthplace of democracy

Athens

17

Which nobleman developed a legal code based on equality of citizens

Draco

18

What are the requirements for citizenship in Athens

Male, native born, own property

19

"Come home with your shield or on it" which greek city state would you associate with this motto

Sparta

20

In which war did Sparta and Athens work together to defeat an enemy empire

Persian wars

21

Who led Athens through the Golden Age

Pericles

22

The Parthenon in Athens was built in honor of which Greek deity

Athena

23

Who is the father of history

Herodotus

24

Hippocrates is known as the father of?

Medicine

25

Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle are Ancient Greek _______.

Philosophers

26

What was the birthplace of Alexander the Great

Macedonia

27

How old was Alexander the Great when he became king

20

28

Which Greek mathematician wrote Elements, which provided a basis for courses in geometry

Euclid

29

Ancient Greece is famous for what in architecture

Columns

30

I am the goddess of wisdom

Athena

31

I am the goddess of love and beauty

Aphrodite

32

I am the god of all gods, heavens, earth, weather, and justice

Zeus

33

I am the god of music, life, and the sun

Apollo

34

I am the messenger gods

Hermes

35

I am the goddess of marriage and married women

Hera

36

I am the god of war

Ares

37

I am the god of wine, parties, and drama

Dionysus

38

I am the goddess of grain and harvest

Demeter

39

I am the god of the sea and waters

Poseidon