Ankle and Foot Flashcards Preview

OS 203 Finals > Ankle and Foot > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ankle and Foot Deck (12):
0

Type of joint - ankle

Hinge-type, talocrural articulation

1

Heel bone; largest and strongest

Calcaneus

2

When standing, the calcaneus transmits he weight to the ___.

Talus to the ground

3

Also known as the ankle bone, has no muscular or tendinous attachment, has most articulations among tarsal bones

Talus

4

Bone that articulates with navicular and cuboid

Cuneiform:
Medial cuneiform: largest
Intermediate cuneiform: smallest
Lateral cuneiform: articulates with cuboid

5

Bone that is the keystone in the arch of the foot, articulates with the head of talus, looks like a little boat

Navicular

6

Muscles of the sole of foot (first layer)

Abductor hallucis
Flexor digitorum brevis
Abductor digiti minimi

7

Muscles of the sold of foot (second layer)

Quadrants plantae, lumbricals

8

Muscles of the sole of foot (third layer)

Flexor hallucis brevis
Adductor hallucis
Flexor digiti minimi

9

Muscles of the sole of foot (fourth layer)

Plantar interossei
Dorsal interossei

11

INNERVATION
Medial plantar nerve

1st Layer: Abductor hallucis, flexor digitorum brevis
2nd Layer: Medial lumbricals
3rd Layer: Flexor hallucis brevis

12

INNERVATION
Lateral plantar nerve

1st Layer: Abductor digiti minimi
2nd Layer: Quadratus planate, lateral lumbricals
3rd Layer: Adductor hallucis (deep branch), flexor digiti minimi (superficial branch)
4th Layer: Plantar interossei, dorsal interossei