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OS 203 Finals > Lower Ex Cheers > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lower Ex Cheers Deck (18):
0

what is the direction of ossification of pedicles?

medial to lateral

1

what is the direction of ossification of vertebral bodies?

centrifugal

2

the narrowest vertebral canal is found in which region?

thoracic

3

greatest movement of cervical spine:

a. lateral extension
b. flexion-extension
c. axial rotation
d. all of the above

axial rotation

4

parts of the transversocostals

splenius cervicis/capitis

erector spinae(iliocostalis, longissimus, spinalis)

5

[21 year old basketball player]
predominance of which muscle fiber?

type II

6

the following is true regarding hormonal response to exercise

a. glucagon decrease with prolonged exercise
b. increase in catecholamines decreases lypolysis and hepatic glycogenolysis
c. decrease in insulin is critical in hepatic glucose output
d. decrease in growh hormones and cortisol
e. catecholamines increase in proportion to exercise

e. catecholamines increase with intensity of exercise

7

[21 year old basketball player] what food would you recommend?

carbohydrates

8

what does EMG NCV provide?

site, pattern, chronicity of neuropathy and improvements

9

a child with too much anteversion will walk

with feet pointing inwards

10

what muscles are part of the hamstrings?

semitendinosus
semimembranosus
long head of biceps femoris

11

the articularis genu is an extension of what muscle?

vastus intermedius

12

a positive anterior drawer's test indicates a fracture on the

anterior cruciate ligament

13

structures attached to the fibula

biceps femoris tendon and lateral collateral ligament

14

the pes anserinus is the conjoint tendons of

semitendinosus, gracilis, sartorius

15

foot inversion is a combined action of which of the following?

tibialis anterior and posterior

16

high steppage gait is caused by

weakness of foot dorsiflexors

17

which ligament is most commonly sprained?

anterior talofibular ligament