Anorexia Nervosa Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anorexia Nervosa Deck (41)
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1

What is compulsion a feeling of?

A feeling of being unable to control an action.

A feeling of craving.

2

What are the actions of compulsion?

Automatic.

3

What is a compulsive action?

A repetitive action with the aim of reducing stress and anxiety.

4

What are some symptoms of a compulsive action?

Ritualised behaviour.

Persistent 'checking'.

Hair pulling

Skin picking

Object arranging.

5

What percentage of people meet the criteria for clinical anorexia nervosa?

0.5%.

6

What did the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual) remove regarding anorexia nervosa?

Reliance on physical criteria based on amount of weight loss.

7

Why did the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual) remove physical criteria based on amount of weight loss regarding anorexia nervosa?

To broaden the scope.

8

Kaye et al stated in 2004 that ____% of people diagnosed with an eating disorder also meet Obsessive Compulsive Disorder criteria.

41%

9

Who said 41% of people diagnosed with an eating disorder also meet Obsessive Compulsive Disorder criteria and in what year?

Kaye et al in 2004.

10

What is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder involves unwanted and disturbing thoughts, images, or urges (obsessions) that intrude into one's mind and cause a great deal of anxiety or discomfort.

Attempts to reduce are by engaging in repetitive behaviors or mental acts (compulsions).

11

Anderluh et al in 2003 said ________ predict an adulthood eating disorder.

Childhood OCD traits.

12

What is an eating disorder?

Any of a range of psychological disorders characterized by abnormal or disturbed eating habits.

13

Who said in what year that childhood OCD traits predict an adulthood eating disorder?

Anderluh et al in 2003.

14

Halmi et al in 2005 said that ________ as an obsessive personality trait may underlie vulnerability to an eating disorder.

Perfectionism.

15

Who said perfectionism as an obsessive personality trait may underlie vulnerability to an eating disorder and in what year?

Halmi et al in 2005.

16

Tozzi et al in 2003 found that the 4 most commonly reported perceived causes of anorexia nervousa from sufferers were ___________.

1. Dysfunctional families.

2. Weight loss and dieting.

3. Stressful experiences.

4. Perceived pressure.

17

Tozzi et al in 2003 found that 3 most commonly cited factors contributing to recovery were ______________.

1. Non-familial relationships.

2. Therapy.

3. Maturation.

18

Non-familial relationships, therapy and maturation were found to be the 3 most commonly cited factors contributing to recovery by who and in what year?

Tozzi et al in 2003.

19

Dysfunctional families, weight loss and dieting, stressful experiences and perceived pressure were found to be the 4 most commonly reported perceived causes of anorexia nervousa from sufferers by who and in what year?

Tozzi et al in 2003.

20

Bulik et al in 2006 found that __________ was associated with the development of anorexia nervousa.

Neurotocism.

21

Neurotocism was found to be associated with the development of anorexia nervousa by who in what year?

Bulik et al in 2006.

22

Wade et al in 2003 found that anorexia nervousa has a __________ of _____%.

Heritability rate of 58%.

23

Who found that anorexia nervousa has a heritability rate of 58% and in what year?

Wade et al in 2003.

24

Holland et al in 1988 found ______% of Monozygotic twin sets both had anorexia nervousa.

56%.

25

Who found that 56% of Monozygotic twin sets both had anorexia nervousa and in what year?

Holland et al in 1988.

26

Holland et al in 1988 found that ___% of female first degree relatives of someone with anorexia nervousa also had a history of anorexia nervousa.

5%

27

Who found that 5% of female first degree relatives of someone with anorexia nervousa also had a history of anorexia nervousa and in what year?

Holland et al in 1988.

28

Dahl et al in 1999 found that girls born below ___________ faced higher risks for anorexia nervousa.

32 weeks gestation.

29

Who found that girls born below 32 weeks gestation faced higher risks for anorexia nervousa and in what year?

Dahl et al in 1999.

30

What are some physical signs and symptoms of anorexia nervousa?

Extreme weight loss/thin appearance.

Fatigue.

Dizziness/fainting.

Hair that thins, breaks or falls out.

Soft, downy hair covering the body.

Periods stop.

Irregular heart rhythms.

Excessive exercise.