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Flashcards in Systems of Treatment Deck (34)
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1

What are some models regarding causes of mental illness?

Genetic.
Biological.
Psychological.
Socio-cultural.
Systemic.
Biopsychosical.

2

What is the genetic model of causes of mental illness?

Illness results from a specific gene or patterns of genes.

3

What is the biological model of causes of mental illness?

Brain chemistry (dopamine, serotonin).
Brain areas.
Hormones.

4

What are the psychological models of causes of mental illness?

Freud.
Behaviourism.
Humanism.
Cognitive approaches.

5

What are the socio-cultural and systemic models of causes of mental illness?

Effects of society and culture.
Gender.
Ethnicity.
Socioeconomic status.
Family and relationships.

6

What is the biopsychosocial model of causes of mental illness?

Usually (but not always) includes a biological or genetic predisposition for risk triggered by a social of psychological event.

7

What is the biological/medical model treatment of mental illness?

Psychopharmacological.

8

Psychopharmacological is the treatment of mental illness by which model?

The biological/medical model treatment of mental illness.

9

What is the biological/medical model treatment of mental illness based on?

The current understanding of chemistry behind disorders.

10

What are some unpleasant side effects of psychiatric medications?

Weight gain.
Emotional changes.
Sleep and appetite changes.

11

Why may patients refuse to take medications?

Unpleasant side effects.

12

The NHS estimated in 2015 that ____ to _____% of people treated with an antidepressant for depression will see an improvement.

50 - 65.

13

Who estimated that 50 - 65% of of people treated with an antidepressant for depression will see an improvement and in what year?

The NHS in 2015.

14

What are 2 other biological therapies?

Electric shock and lobotomy.

15

What are the behavioral model approaches towards treating mental health based on?

Principles of conditioning.

16

What are some examples of behavioral model approaches towards treating mental health?

Exposure and response prevention.
Aversion therapy.
Operant conditioning.

17

What does the behavioural model of treatments believe about changing responses and the mind?

"Change anxious response to a relaxed one, mind will follow."

18

When are behavioural model of treatment approaches particularly used?

Particularly used in anxiety.

19

What is the most common form of therapy?

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.

20

What is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy?

A cognitive treatment.

21

What is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy most commonly used for treating?

Depression and anxiety.

22

What are some common cognitive patterns?

'All or nothing' thinking.

Catastrophic thinking.

Magnification or minimisation.

Prescriptive thinking (too high expectations).

23

The Cognitive-Behavioural approach suggest that dysfunction arises to to ________ thought processes such as ____________ and _________.

Maladaptive thought processes such as negative schemas and attributions.

24

What are behavioural approaches often paired with?

Cognitive approaches.

25

What is the goal of the psychodynamic approach?

To have self-understanding and self-insight.

26

What do psychodynamic approaches hope to uncover?

Supressed and unconscious conflict.

27

What are two methods of the psychodynamic approaches to mental health treatment?

Dream interpretation and free-association.

28

What do the psychodynamic approaches say people use?

Defense mechanisms.

29

What are some defense mechanisms?

Repression.

Denial.

Regression.

Displacement.

30

What is the 'Repression' defense mechanism?

An unconscious mechanism to keep disturbing or threatening thoughts from becoming conscious.

"Hiding memories".