Flashcards in Stigma Deck (40)
What is stigma regarding mental health problems?
Prejudice attitudes and discriminating behaviour towards people with mental health problems.
What do people pre-judge people with mental health problems on based on stigma?
The illness label.
What are the 3 core attitudes of stigma?
1. These people are dangerous and unpredictable (especially schizophrenia).
2. These people have chosen to be like this (especially drug use and eating disorders).
3. These people cannot communicate normally; you can't talk to them.
What are some discriminating actions regarding stigma around mental health problems?
1. Dismiss or block recruitment for employment.
2. Avoid socially and isolate.
3. Block access to services and support (drug use and blame).
What is isolation likely to do regarding mental health problems?
Exacerbate the mental health problems.
What are some outcomes of stigma?
Prevents getting or maintaining employment.
Stops help seeking.
What are the 3 factors leading to stigma?
3. Misinformation spread by media.
Explain the historical/cultural factor that leads to stigma.
Abnormal behaviour linked to demonic possession or 'witches' promotes fear and distrust.
Explain the cognitive factor that leads to stigma.
'Different'/'out group' is always negatively based.
Explain the misinformation spread by media factor that leads to stigma.
Bias in reporting of mental health problems.
What are some examples of media bias when reporting of mental illness?
Misuse of diagnostic labels.
Use of the word 'psycho' which implies violence and has negative connotations.
Defines person by their illness.
Sensationalist reporting (role of mental illness in a violent action is over-dramatized).
Mental illness portrayals - link mental illness to violent behaviour and homicide.
In what year was a stigma removed in the UK and people with mental health problems could carry out jury service or become a company director?
In 2013, the UK changed the law so that people with mental health problems could what?
Carry out jury service and become a company director.
In what country are people with mental health problems not allowed to enter a swimming pool?
Korea does not permit people with mental health problems to what?
Enter a swimming pool.
What is the anti-stigma campaign in Scotland?
Discuss 'See Me' and what they do.
See Me is Scotland's Programme to tackle mental health stigma and discrimination funded by Scottish Government and Comic Relief.
They aim to ensure the human rights of people with mental health problems and to work with people to change negative behaviour towards mental health problems.
What are the 4 aspects of self stigma?
1. Internalizing the prejudice beliefs of society about your own mental illness.
2. Brings feelings of shame and guilt.
3. Embarrassment stops help seeking.
4. Poor self identity affects treatment outcomes.
The Equality Act 2010 makes it illegal to what?
Discriminate directly or indirectly against people with mental health problems in public services and functions, access to premises, work, education, associations and transport.
________ made it illegal to discriminate directly or indirectly against people with mental health problems in public services and functions, access to premises, work, education, associations and transport.
The Equality Act 2010.
What are some examples of casual stigma stated by See Me in 2017?
Language used (nuts, mental, psycho, weirdo).
Reinforcing stereotypes such as the mental patient Halloween costume.
Pai et al in 2017 stated that survey respondents are significantly ___________ to under-report mental illnesses compared to ____________ due to stigma.
Significantly more likely to under-report compared to other health conditions.
Who stated that survey respondents are significantly more likely to under-report mental illnesses compared to other health conditions due to stigma and in what year?
Pai et al in 2017.
Schulze et al found in 2003 that _________ is one of the most stigmatizing conditions.
Who found that schizophrenia is one of the most stigmatizing conditions in what year?
Schulze et al in 2003.
Wrigley et al in 2005 found that _______ rather than the patients _______influenced attitudes more about help-seeking regarding their mental health.
Perceived stigma rather than the patients symptoms.
Who found that perceived stigma rather than the patients symptoms influenced attitudes more about help-seeking regarding their mental health and in what year?
Wrigley et al in 2005.
Chandra et al found in 2006 that teen boys are more likely to experience _____ than teen girls.
Higher mental health stigma.
Who found that teen boys are more likely to experience higher mental health stigma than teen girls and in what year?
Chandra et al in 2006.
Who found that in Japan, the general public keep a greater social distance from individuals with mental illness and in what year?
Ando et al in 2013.
What was found to be a possible cause of less stigmatization by mental health professionals by Ando et al in 2013?
Accumulation of clinical experience and daily contact with people who have mental illness.
Ando et al in 2013 found that _______ appear to be effective in reducing mental-health-related stigma.
"____ in _____ people will experience a mental health problem at some point in their life" was stated by the Mental Health Foundation in 2018.
1 in 4.
Ando et al in 2013 found that the general public in Japan do what?
Keep a greater social distance from individuals with mental illness.
Accumulation of clinical experience and daily contact with people who have mental illness possibly creating less stigmatization of mental-health-professionals was found by who and in what year?
Ando et al in 2013.
Who found that educational programs appear to be effective in reducing mental-health-related stigma and in what yer?
Ando et al in 2013.
Who found that 1 in 4 people will experience a mental health problem at some point in their life and in what year?
The Mental Health Foundation in 2018.
What are some ways to reduce mental health problem stigma as an outsider?
Know the facts - educate yourself.
Be aware of your attitudes and behaviour.
Choose your words carefully.
Focus on the positive.
Who found that the strongest evidence for effective interventions for mental health stigma is direct social contact with people with mental illness at an individual level and in what year?
Thornicroft et al in 2008.