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Flashcards in Antenatal care Deck (43):
1

When does the booking visit take place?

8 - 12 weeks

2

When does the dating USS take place?

11 - 12 weeks

3

When does the anomaly scan take place?

20 weeks

4

When do you get monthly visits in pregnancy?

Up to 28 weeks

5

When do you get fortnightly visits in antenatal care?

28 - 36 weels

6

When do you get weekly visits in antenatal care?

37 weeks until delivery

7

What needs to be done at every antenatal visit?

BP
Urinalysis
FSH
Fetal heart/kicks
Any problems refer to consultant

8

A women has hypertension present as 12 weeks gestation. What is the diagnosis?

Essential hypertension (not pregnancy related)

9

When does gestational hypertension occur?

After 20 weels

10

When does pre eclampsia occur?

After 20 weeks

11

What is HELLP syndrome?

Haemolysis
Elevated Liver Enzymes
Low platelets

12

What drug is given to women who are thought to be at risk of pre eclampsia?

Aspirin

13

What BP are you aiming for in pregnancy?

Less that 150/80

14

What BP are you aiming for in pregnancy if there is target organ damage?

Less than 140/90

15

If a women has pre eclampsia when should you aim to deliver the baby?

37 weeks

16

If the mother is diabetes is the baby more likely to be hypo or hyperglycaemia at birth?

Hypoglycaemia

17

How often should diabetic women have retinal screening in pregnancy?

Every trimester

18

What should the HBA1C be during pregnancy?

Less than 6%

19

Above what predicted weight of the fetus should a caesarean section be advised?

4000g

20

Why is there an increased risk of VTE in pregnancy?

Stasis secondary to venous compression by the pregnant uterus
Hypercoagulability due to oestrogen

21

Levels of which blood clotting factors increase in pregnancy?

VII, VIII, X and Fibrinogen

22

Levels of which blood clotting factors decrease in pregnancy?

XI and antithrombin 3

23

Which test for VTE should you not do in pregnancy?

D Dimer

24

How should you investigate VTE in pregnancy?

Duplex US

25

What is the treatment of VTE in pregnancy?

Heparin

26

Does heparin cross the placenta?

No

27

What investigations would you do if you suspected a PE?

ABG
CXR
ECG
Duplex US of the lower limbs
VQ scan
CTPA

28

What is the treatment for PE?

Heparin

29

When should warfarin definately be avoided in pregnancy?

Week 6 - 12

30

Is warfarin safe during breastfeeding?

Yes

31

When does hyperthyroid get worse during pregnancy and why?

First trimester due to HCG

32

How often should you do thyroid function tests in pregnancy?

Every trimester

33

Describe the respiratory changes seen in pregnancy?

-Increase O2 demand
- Tidal volume INCREASE
- INCREASE respiratory rate
- INCREASED inspiratory capacity
- DECREASED residual volume
- DECREASED expiratory reserve
- DECREASE in functional residual capacity
- FEV1 and PEFR UNCHANGED

34

Why is there a decrease in functional residual capacity during pregnancy?

Diaphragmatic elevation
- Increase in tranvsverse thoracic diameter and subcostal angle

35

How is asthma treated in pregnancy?

Same as not in pregnancy!

36

How much folic acid should epileptic women take in pregnancy?

5mg

37

What vitamin should pregnancy women take from 36 weeks in they are taking liver enzyme inducing anticonvulsants?

Vitamin K

38

Why do epileptic women have an increased risk of seizure in the first trimester?

Hyperemesis and haemodiluation cause less available anti convulsant

39

What anomoly scans should pregnant epileptic women get?

Detailed fetal scan at 18 - 20 weeks
Fetal cardiac scan at 22 weeks

40

You suspect HELLP syndrome is a women who is 32 weeks pregnant. What tests would you perform?

FBC
Coagulation screen
LFTs
U&E
Lactate dehydrogenase

41

A women presents with abdominal pain and confusion is the 35th week of pregnancy. Her lactate dehydrogenase is elevated.

HELLP syndrome

42

What is the lactate dehydrogenase a marker of in HELLP syndrome?

Haemolysis

43

How do you treat HELLP syndrome?

Delivery of the baby
DIC is treated with fresh frozen plasma
IV fluids
(Magnesium sulphate may help stop seizures)