Flashcards in Anterior Seg Deck (57)
What is Anterior Blepharitis?
Inflammation of the eyelids at the margin
What are the symptoms of Anterior Blepharitis?
Burning, irritation, foreign body sensation, dryness
What are the signs of Anterior Blepharitis?
Erythema, Edema, Crusting, Debris, Madarosis, Chalazia. Chronic or recurrent.
What is Madarosis?
Absence or loss of eyelashes
What is Chalazia?
a stye in the eyelid caused by inflammation of a blocked meibomian gland
What is Hordeola?
A acute, localized inflammation of the glands in the eyelid
What are two examples of Meibomitis?
Meibomian Gland Dysfunction
What are the signs of Meibomitis?
Inspissated MG, uneven margins, frothy tear film
What are symptoms of hordeolum?
warmth, tenderness, mild pain
What are the symptoms of Chalazi?
Painless! Swollen eyelid, pseudoptosis, blurry vision
What are ectropian eyelids?
Outward eversion of the eyelid margin
What is tylosis?
thickening of the tarsal border of the eyelid
What are entropian eyelids?
Inward eyelid margins
What is eyelash epilation?
Removing of the eyelashes with forceps
Increased amount of blood in vessels
Engorgement of blood vessels
swelling of the conjunctiva
What is the most common cause of Hyperemia in the eye?
What are the signs of Bacterial conjunctivitis?
What are the signs of viral Conjunctivitis?
Other eye involved 3-7 days later
Upper respiratory track infection
What are the two types of viral conjunctivitis?
Adenovirus and Herpes
What is Pharyngoconjunctival Fever?
Adenovirus Viral Conjunctivitis
Fever, Pharyngitis, typically contracted from swimming pools
What is Epidemic Keratoconjunctivitis?
No systemic symptoms. Follicular conjunctivitis
What are the signs of Allergic Conjunctivitis?
Bilateral Chemosis, Papillae
Intensely itchy eyes, watery discharge
If in doubt, you should assume what type of conjunctivitis?
What are the signs of subconjunctival hemorrhage?
No symptoms. Fresh red blood against scleral background. Usually harmless and will disappears within a couple weeks
What are the signs of a pinguecula?
Yellow-white slightly raised lesion at the 3 or 9 position. Doesn't involve cornea. Dry eye.
What are the signs of Pterygium?
Wing-shaped vascular fleshy lesion on sclera. May spread to cornea
What are the signs of Conjunctival Melanosis?
Flat, patchy, brownish pigmentation on conjunctiva. Axenfeld loop may develop