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Flashcards in Anterior Seg Deck (57)
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1

What is Anterior Blepharitis?

Inflammation of the eyelids at the margin

2

What are the symptoms of Anterior Blepharitis?

Burning, irritation, foreign body sensation, dryness

3

What are the signs of Anterior Blepharitis?

Erythema, Edema, Crusting, Debris, Madarosis, Chalazia. Chronic or recurrent.

4

What is Madarosis?

Absence or loss of eyelashes

5

What is Chalazia?

a stye in the eyelid caused by inflammation of a blocked meibomian gland

6

What is Hordeola?

A acute, localized inflammation of the glands in the eyelid

7

What are two examples of Meibomitis?

Meibomian Gland Dysfunction
Posterior Blepharitis

8

What are the signs of Meibomitis?

Inspissated MG, uneven margins, frothy tear film

9

What are symptoms of hordeolum?

warmth, tenderness, mild pain

10

What are the symptoms of Chalazi?

Painless! Swollen eyelid, pseudoptosis, blurry vision

11

What are ectropian eyelids?

Outward eversion of the eyelid margin

12

What is tylosis?

thickening of the tarsal border of the eyelid

13

What are entropian eyelids?

Inward eyelid margins

14

What is eyelash epilation?

Removing of the eyelashes with forceps

15

Hyperemia

Increased amount of blood in vessels

16

Injections

Engorgement of blood vessels

17

Chemosis

swelling of the conjunctiva

18

What is the most common cause of Hyperemia in the eye?

Conjuctivitis

19

What are the signs of Bacterial conjunctivitis?

Mucopurulent discharge
Chemosis
Hyperemia
Papillae

20

What are the signs of viral Conjunctivitis?

Watery discharge
Follicles
Other eye involved 3-7 days later
Upper respiratory track infection

21

What are the two types of viral conjunctivitis?

Adenovirus and Herpes

22

What is Pharyngoconjunctival Fever?

Adenovirus Viral Conjunctivitis
Fever, Pharyngitis, typically contracted from swimming pools

23

What is Epidemic Keratoconjunctivitis?

SUUPER contagious!
No systemic symptoms. Follicular conjunctivitis

24

What are the signs of Allergic Conjunctivitis?

Bilateral Chemosis, Papillae
Intensely itchy eyes, watery discharge

25

If in doubt, you should assume what type of conjunctivitis?

Bacterial

26

What are the signs of subconjunctival hemorrhage?

No symptoms. Fresh red blood against scleral background. Usually harmless and will disappears within a couple weeks

27

What are the signs of a pinguecula?

Yellow-white slightly raised lesion at the 3 or 9 position. Doesn't involve cornea. Dry eye.

28

What are the signs of Pterygium?

Wing-shaped vascular fleshy lesion on sclera. May spread to cornea

29

What are the signs of Conjunctival Melanosis?

Flat, patchy, brownish pigmentation on conjunctiva. Axenfeld loop may develop

30

What is an Axenfeld loop?

Anastomosis of the Posterior Ciliary Nerve. Normal anatomical landmark.