Flashcards in Antibiotics Deck (15):
when would we use natural penicillin G?
which bugs does amoxicillin usually protect against?
when would you use first gen cephalosporins?
when would you use 2nd gen cephalosporins
URTI, CAP, gonorrhoea, surgical prophylaxis
when would you use 3rd gen cephalosporins
CNS infections, LRTIs, pyelonephritis, soft and skin tissue infections
when would you use meropenam?
what is a consideration of vancomycin prior to prescribing it?
Vancomycin needs to be pharmacologically monitored- measuring peak and trough concentrations
what is a consideration of quinolones before prescribing them?
Do not administer quinolones with calcium or iron bc they chelate cations
what bugs do ciprofloxacin and moxifloxacin target?
Enteric GNRs, H. influenzae
Strep pneumoniae (moxifloxacin)
which antibiotics should we check the renal function?
vancomycin and gentamicin
name the macrolides. what bugs do they target?
Atypicals, haemophillus, moraxella, MAC, h pylori
SE of tetracyclines
Nausea and vomiting
Dizziness and vertigo
when is tetracyclines contraindicated?
pregnancy and very young children
SE of metronidazole
what drug interaction do we have to consider
N + V
Metallic taste in the mouth
Potentiates warfarin action so be careful when prescribing to patients on warfarin