histopathology/pathology Flashcards Preview

Core conditions Olivia MD > histopathology/pathology > Flashcards

Flashcards in histopathology/pathology Deck (57):
1

what is the condition?

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Hodgkin lymphoma

2

what is the condition? 

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multiple myeloma. infiltrating abnormal plasma cells in the bone marrow

3

what is the condition?

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CLL

4

what is the condition

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AML

5

what is the condition

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ALL (blast immature lymphocytes)

6

what is the condition

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CLL

7

what is the conditon

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CML

8

what is the condition

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diffuse large b cell lymphoma

9

what is this?

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spleen (normal)

10

what is this?

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sarcoidosis of spleen

11

what is this?

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normal lymph node with germinal centres

12

what is this?

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Sarcoma

13

what is this

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granuloma

14

what is this? what special cells are you seeing?

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iron deficiency. pencil cells are indicative of this condition

15

what cells are these?

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spherocytes

16

What are these cells? which sort of condition do you see them in?

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bite cells. MAHA

17

what are these cells?

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red cell fragmentation

18

What is this? what condition do we see this?

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drusen deposits. seen in non exudative macular degeneration

19

What is this condition? hint. liver biopsy

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alcoholic steatohepatitis

20

Histopath features of alcoholic hepatitis?

steatosis

balloon degeneration

mallory bodies

21

what are the 2 features of PBC on histopathology?

florid bile duct lesion + interface inflammation

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22

what are some key biopsy features of alzheimer's disease?

amyloid plaques

neurofibrilary tangles

vascular amyloid

23

what the pathology? what condition do you see this in

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kimmelsteil wilson nodules

diabetes glomerulosclerosis

24

what is the condition?

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Paget's disease of the breast

25

what is the pathology? what do you see this is?

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Blurry optic disc margins

Appears swollen

 

this is optic neuritis

26

what do we mean by spongious when referring to inflammatory skin pathology?

oedema of the epidermis causing separation of epithelial cells.

 

Spongiosis with vesicles= acute dermatitis

27

what does acanthosis mean in a skin histopathology sense?

abnormal thickening of the epidermis

28

What is the pathology

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Crohn's

 

cobblestone appearance

29

what is the pathology?

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megaloblastic anaemia

30

what is the pathology?

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urothelial carcinoma in situ

31

where do we find brachial cleft cysts?

side of the neck- sternocleidomastoid muscle

32

what type of epithelium is associated with brachial cleft cysts?

stratified squamous epithelium

 

33

where do we find warthin's tumour?

exclusively in the parotid gland

34

what type of cancer can affect the oral cavity and the vocal cords?

squamous cell carcinoma

35

are papillomas of the vocal cord benign or malignant?

benign

36

what is this? what causes this problem?

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myomatous degeneration of the mitral valve. Causes mitral valve prolapse. Often seen in FBN1 deficiency- Marfans

37

what is a classic pathological change seen in the aortic wall in a patient with Marfan's

Cystic media degeneration

38

where are saccular aneursyms most likely to be found in the brain?

Anterior cerebral

Internal carotid

Middle cerebral

basillar

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39

what is the pathology? which condition do you see this?

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myocyte hypertrophy and disarray

interstitial fibrosis

HOCM

40

what are the arrows pointing to?

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watershed infarct

41

causes of dilated cardiomyopathy?

alcohol

genetic

idiopathic

post partum

haemachromatosis

adriamycin (drug)

sarcoidosis

myocarditis

42

causes of restrictive cardiomyopathy?

radiation induced

idiopathic

amyloidosis

43

what is the problem?

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acute otitis media with perforation

44

what is the condition?

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chronic otitis media with effusions

45

what is this?

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GIST

46

what are the characteristic cells of hashimoto thyroiditis?

hurthle cells and lymphocyte infiltrate

47

what is a classical histological appearance of Grave's disease?

scalloped colloid

48

you do a FNA of a thryoid lump. And you get this in the aspirate. What is the pathological condition?

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papillary carcinoma

49

what is this?

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psammoma body (dystrophic calcification) found in papillary thyroid cancer, prolactinomas etc

50

what is this condition

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episcleritis

51

what is this?

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keratitic precipitates seen in anterior uveitis

52

what is this condition?

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leukoplakia

can progress to SCC

53

what is this? which condition do you see this in?

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neurofibrillary tangles seen in alzheimers disease

54

what are the arrows pointing to?

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amyloid plaques alzheimer's disease

55

what kind of infarct is this?

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venous

56

a brain biopsy was conducted after seeing a mass on MRI brain. what is the type of tumor?

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glioblastoma multiforme

57

what is this?

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meningioma