Antihistamines Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology > Antihistamines > Flashcards

Flashcards in Antihistamines Deck (17):
1

PYRILAMINE

Ethylenediamines
Mild anti-cholinergic, moderate sedative, GI side effects

2

BROMOPHENIRAMINE, CHLOROPHENIRAMINE

Alkylamines
Anti-cholinergic, Mild sedative

3

Ethanolamines

DIPHENHYDRAMINE
Strong sedative, Anti-cholinergic**, Anti-motion sickness, OTC Allergy

4

FEXOFENADINE

Allegra
Second Generation H1 Antagonist

5

Miscellaneous

CYPROHEPTADAINE
Moderate sedative, mild anti-cholinergic, Anti-serotenergic

6

Piperazines

HYDROXYZINE, CYCLIZINE
Anxiolytic, Anti-motion sickness

7

Strong anti-cholinergic

PROMETHAZINE, DIPHENHYDRAMINE, Alkylamines

8

Alkylamines

BROMOPHENIRAMINE, CHLOROPHENIRAMINE
Anti-cholinergic, Mild sedative

9

Anti-cholinergics

Cause: Non-allergic rhinitis, Urinary retention, Blurred vision, Dry mouth, Exacerbation of glaucoma

10

LORATIDINE

Claritin
Second Generation H1 Antagonist

11

PROMETHAZINE

Phenothiazines (Phenergan)
Strong sedative, Anti-alpha adrenergic
Anti-emetic***, May get orthostatic hypotension

12

DIPHENHYDRAMINE

Ethanolamines
Strong sedative, Anti-cholinergic**, Anti-motion sickness, OTC Allergy

13

HYDROXYZINE, CYCLIZINE

Piperazines
Anxiolytic, Anti-motion sickness

14

CYPROHEPTADAINE

Moderate sedative, mild anti-cholinergic, Anti-serotenergic

15

Ethylenediamines

PYRILAMINE
Mild anti-cholinergic, moderate sedative, GI side effects

16

CETIRIZINE

Zyrtec
Second Generation H1 Antagonist

17

Phenothiazines

PROMETHAZINE (Phenergan)
Strong sedative, Anti-alpha adrenergic
Anti-emetic***, May get orthostatic hypotension