Flashcards in antimicrobial botanicals Deck (52):
Part of Phytolacca decandra used?
Constituents of Phytolacca decandra
MOA of Phytolacca decandra
activates WBC focus in the pelvic region
Medicinal action of Phytolacca decandra?
Medicinal use of Phytolacca decandra?
softening and dissolving
specifically on the head, neck, and breast lymphatics
Which botanical works effectively for mastitis?
Which botanical increases circulation and lymphatic flow through the thyroid?
Dosing of phytolacca?
Toxic effects of phytolacca?
nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach cramps,headaches
mitogenic action may cause blood cell abnormalities
marigold, calendula is the current name of commerce
Parts of calendula used?
Medicinal actions of calendula?
Which botanical stimulates the drainage of enlarged inflamed lymph nodes?
which botanical is a topical anti-inflammatory esp as a poultice?
What is the best indication for calendula?
chronic and acute inflammatory skin lesions with itching burning and/or swelling
Which botanical's styptic and vulnerary actions are due to xanthophyls (stimulates granulation tissue)?
Which botanical can be used to treat otitis media in children?
Medicinal actions of leptospermum?
antimicrobial, calmative (historical)
Which anti-microbial botanicals are for external use of oil only?
leptospermum and melaleuca
Constituents of melaleuca alternifolia?
Which anti-microbial botanical is endangered in the wild?
Consituents of hydrastis canadensis?
isoquinoline alkaloids, mainly hydrastine, berberine
Medicinal actions of hydrastis canadensis?
bitter, mucous membrane tonic, cholagogue, choleretic, alterative, anti-catarrhal, anti-microbial
Which botanical is considered one of the best remedies for sinusitis and why?
extremely bitter mucous membrane tonic
Contraindications of hydrastis canadensis?
Part of berberis aquifolium/mahonia used?
Constituents of berberis aquifolium/mahonia?
missing hydrastine (different from hydrastis)
Medical uses of berberis aquifolium/Mahonia
similar to hydrastis (sinusitis, vaginitis,candida)
but not as significant as a mucous membrane tonic
old man's beard, tree lichen
What botanical is primarily antibiotic esp against gram positive organisms?
What organisms is Usnea barbata especially good at killing?
gram positive: streptococcus, staphylococcus, mycobacterium tuberuclosis, and other fast growing species
Consituent of Usnea barbata?
What part of Usnea barbata enhances the antimicrobial effect?
polysaccharides, which are immunostimulatory
What botanical is a good addition to any formula against an infectious process? And what processes specifically?
UTI, URI, gastroenteritis, impetigo, strep pharyngitis, skin infections
Which botanical is quite useful as topically and internally as an anti-fungal and anti-bacterial?
What is the strongest preparation of Usnea barbata?
Medicinal actions of Andrographis paniculata?
febrifuge, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, immunostimulant
Most common use in western natural medicine for Andrographis paniculata?
anti-microbial and immune stimulating effect
Which botanical is approved by the WHO for prophylaxis and treatment of URI such as common cold, uncomplicated sinusitis, bronchitis, and pharyngotonsilitis
Which botanical has negative effects on fertility in animal studies?
Constituents of Tabebuia avellanedae
lapachol and beta-lapachone (collectively naphthaquinones)
Which botanical is antimicrobial, particularly for fungal infections (and solid tumors, masses, and cystic acne as support for abscesses) ?
What is berberine?
Contraindications of berberine?
high doses in pregnancy