antimicrobial botanicals Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in antimicrobial botanicals Deck (52):
1

Phytolacca decandra

poke/pokeweed

2

Part of Phytolacca decandra used?

root

3

Constituents of Phytolacca decandra

alkaloids
triterpenoid saponins
Sapogenin

4

MOA of Phytolacca decandra

emetic overall
activates WBC focus in the pelvic region

5

Medicinal action of Phytolacca decandra?

lymphagogue

6

Medicinal use of Phytolacca decandra?

softening and dissolving
specifically on the head, neck, and breast lymphatics

7

Which botanical works effectively for mastitis?

phytolacca root

8

Which botanical increases circulation and lymphatic flow through the thyroid?

phytolacca

9

Dosing of phytolacca?

0.2-0.6ml TID,
10-15ml/week MAX

10

Toxic effects of phytolacca?

nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach cramps,headaches
mitogenic action may cause blood cell abnormalities

11

Calendula officinalis

marigold, calendula is the current name of commerce

12

Parts of calendula used?

ray florets

13

Medicinal actions of calendula?

vulnerary
lymphatic
diaphoretic
styptic
anti-inflammatory
antiseptic

14

Which botanical stimulates the drainage of enlarged inflamed lymph nodes?

calendula

15

which botanical is a topical anti-inflammatory esp as a poultice?

calendula

16

What is the best indication for calendula?

chronic and acute inflammatory skin lesions with itching burning and/or swelling

17

Which botanical's styptic and vulnerary actions are due to xanthophyls (stimulates granulation tissue)?

calendula

18

Which botanical can be used to treat otitis media in children?

calendula

19

Leptospermum spp.

Manuka

20

Medicinal actions of leptospermum?

antimicrobial, calmative (historical)

21

Which anti-microbial botanicals are for external use of oil only?

leptospermum and melaleuca

22

Melaleuca alternifolia

tea tree

23

Constituents of melaleuca alternifolia?

terpenoids

24

Hydrastis canadensis

goldenseal

25

Which anti-microbial botanical is endangered in the wild?

hydrastis canadensis

26

Consituents of hydrastis canadensis?

isoquinoline alkaloids, mainly hydrastine, berberine

27

Medicinal actions of hydrastis canadensis?

bitter, mucous membrane tonic, cholagogue, choleretic, alterative, anti-catarrhal, anti-microbial

28

Which botanical is considered one of the best remedies for sinusitis and why?

hydrastis canadensis
extremely bitter mucous membrane tonic

29

Contraindications of hydrastis canadensis?

G6PD deficiency

30

Berberis aquifolium

oregon grape

31

Mahonia spp

oregon grape

32

Part of berberis aquifolium/mahonia used?

root

33

Constituents of berberis aquifolium/mahonia?

isoquinoline alkaloids
missing hydrastine (different from hydrastis)

34

Medical uses of berberis aquifolium/Mahonia

similar to hydrastis (sinusitis, vaginitis,candida)
but not as significant as a mucous membrane tonic

35

Usnea barbata

old man's beard, tree lichen

36

What botanical is primarily antibiotic esp against gram positive organisms?

Usnea barbata

37

What organisms is Usnea barbata especially good at killing?

gram positive: streptococcus, staphylococcus, mycobacterium tuberuclosis, and other fast growing species

38

Consituent of Usnea barbata?

polysaccharides

39

What part of Usnea barbata enhances the antimicrobial effect?

polysaccharides, which are immunostimulatory

40

What botanical is a good addition to any formula against an infectious process? And what processes specifically?

Usnea barbata
UTI, URI, gastroenteritis, impetigo, strep pharyngitis, skin infections

41

Which botanical is quite useful as topically and internally as an anti-fungal and anti-bacterial?

Usnea barbata

42

What is the strongest preparation of Usnea barbata?

tincture

43

Medicinal actions of Andrographis paniculata?

febrifuge, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, immunostimulant

44

Most common use in western natural medicine for Andrographis paniculata?

anti-microbial and immune stimulating effect

45

Which botanical is approved by the WHO for prophylaxis and treatment of URI such as common cold, uncomplicated sinusitis, bronchitis, and pharyngotonsilitis

Andrographis paniculata

46

Which botanical has negative effects on fertility in animal studies?

Andrographis paniculata

47

Tabebuia avellanedae

Pau d'arco

48

Constituents of Tabebuia avellanedae

lapachol and beta-lapachone (collectively naphthaquinones)

49

Which botanical is antimicrobial, particularly for fungal infections (and solid tumors, masses, and cystic acne as support for abscesses) ?

Tabebuia avellanedae

50

What is berberine?

isoquinoline alkaloid

51

Contraindications of berberine?

high doses in pregnancy

52

Which botanicals contain the constituent berberine?

hydrastis canadensis
berberis aquifolium/mahonia