Botanical Classifications By Action Flashcards Preview

Bot Med II > Botanical Classifications By Action > Flashcards

Flashcards in Botanical Classifications By Action Deck (45):
1

Alterative

Produces gradual beneficial change, without any noticeable specific effect, often through improved nutrition (often through gut)

2

Analgesic

Pain diminishing effect

3

Anodyne

Relieves pain

4

Anthelminthic

Expels or destroys intestinal helminths

5

Antibiotic

Destroys or arrests the growth of bacteria or Protozoa (examples garlic, goldenseal)

6

Antiemetic

Counteracts nausea and relieves vomiting

7

Antipyretic

Prevents or reduces fever

8

Antiseptic

Inhibits the growth of bacteria

9

Antispasmodic

Prevents or reduces the intensity of spasticity, tremors, or muscle cramps

10

Antitussive

Relieves coughing

11

Aperient

Stimulates the bowels (gentle laxative)

12

Aphrodisiac

Increases sexual arousal

13

Astringent

Contracts tissue, reducing bleeding or fluid exudate on mucous membranes

14

Balsam

Soothing or healing agent, usually made from resinous substance derived from trees

15

Bitter

Stimulates the stomach, gallbladder, and appetite due to its bitter qualities

16

Carminative

Expels gas from the intestines

17

Cathartic

Very strong laxative effect, intended to empty the bowel

18

Cholagogue

Increases the flow of bile into the intestine (by gallbladder contractions)

19

Choleretic

Supports formation of bile

20

Demulcent

Soothes irritated tissue, especially mucous membranes

21

Depurative

Cleanses and purifies the system, especially the blood

22

Diaphoretic

Promotes perspiration

23

Diuretic

Increases the output of urine

24

Emetic

Induces vomiting

25

Emmenagogue

Promotes menstrual flow

26

Emollient

Used externally to soften and smooth

27

Expectorant

Promotes the discharge of mucous from the lungs

28

Galactagogue

Increases activity of the mammary ducts

29

Hemostatic

Stops bleeding (usually same as astringent but not always)

30

Hepatic

Affects the liver

31

Laxative

Promotes bowel activity

32

Lymphagogue

Promotes movement of lymphatic fluids

33

Narcotic

Relieves pain and induces sleep when used in medicinal doses (usually has higher toxicity)

34

Nervine

Calming or soothing effect on the nerves

35

Purgative

Strong laxative effect

36

Restorative

Restores normal physiologic activity

37

Rubefacient

Local irritant that promotes erythema

38

Sedative

Calming effect on the nervous system, usually with some reduction in alertness

39

Stimulant

Enhances a physiological process or organ, system or person's vitality in general

40

Stomachic

Strengthens, stimulates, or tones the stomach

41

Styptic

Astringent effects, specifically in regards to controlling bleeding

42

Tonic

Strengthens an organ or the person's vitality in general

43

Vermicide

Destroys helminths

44

Vermifuge

Hastens the expulsion of helminths

45

Vulnerary

Heals wounds