AP Lang Multiple Choice Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in AP Lang Multiple Choice Vocab Deck (79)
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1

ad hominem

An argument based on the failings of an adversary rather than on the merits of the case; a logical fallacy that involves a personal attack.

2

allegory

Extending a metaphor so that objects, persons, and actions in a text are equated with meanings that lie outside the text.

3

ambiguity

The presence of two or more possible meanings in any passage.

4

analogy

Reasoning or arguing from parallel cases.

5

anaphora

The repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses or verses

6

antithesis

The juxtaposition of contrasting ideas in balanced phrases.

7

aphorism

(1) A tersely phrased statement of a truth or opinion. (2) A brief statement of a principle.

8

apostrophe

A rhetorical term for breaking off discourse to address some absent person or thing.

9

appeal to authority

A fallacy in which a speaker or writer seeks to persuade not by giving evidence but by appealing to the respect people have for a famous person or institution.

10

appeal to ignorance

A fallacy that uses an opponent's inability to disprove a conclusion as proof of the conclusion's correctness.

11

assonance

The identity or similarity in sound between internal vowels in neighboring words.

12

asyndeton

The omission of conjunctions between words, phrases, or clauses (opposite of polysyndeton).

13

chiasmus

A verbal pattern in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the first but with the parts reversed.

14

circular argument

An argument that commits the logical fallacy of assuming what it is attempting to prove.

15

climax

Mounting by degrees through words or sentences of increasing weight and in parallel construction with an emphasis on the high point or culmination of a series of events.

16

colloqiual

Characteristic of writing that seeks the effect of informal spoken language as distinct from formal or literary English.

17

complement

A word or word group that completes the predicate in a sentence.

18

confirmation

The main part of a text in which logical arguments in support of a position are elaborated.

19

coordination

The grammatical connection of two or more ideas to give them equal emphasis and importance. Contrast with subordination.

20

deduction

A method of reasoning in which a conclusion follows necessarily from the stated premises.

21

denotation

The direct or dictionary meaning of a word, in contrast to its figurative or associated meanings.

22

dialect

A regional or social variety of a language distinguished by pronunciation, grammar, and/or vocabulary.

23

diction

(1) The choice and use of words in speech or writing.
(2) A way of speaking, usually assessed in terms of prevailing standards of pronunciation and elocution.

24

didactic

Intended or inclined to teach or instruct, often excessively.

25

encomium

A tribute or eulogy in prose or verse glorifying people, objects, ideas, or events.

26

epiphora

The repetition of a word or phrase at the end of several clauses. (Also known as epistrophe.)

27

epitaph

(1) A short inscription in prose or verse on a tombstone or monument.
(2) A statement or speech commemorating someone who has died: a funeral oration.

28

ethos

A persuasive appeal based on the projected character of the speaker or narrator.

29

eulogy

A formal expression of praise for someone who has recently died.

30

euphemism

The substitution of an inoffensive term for one considered offensively explicit.