AP Lang Rhetorical Handbook Full Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in AP Lang Rhetorical Handbook Full Deck (110)
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1

allusion

indirect or passing reference to some event, person, place, or artistic work, the nature and relevance of which is not explained but relies on the reader’s familiarity with what is thus mentioned

2

ambiguity

something of doubtful meaning; an expression whose meaning cannot be determined from its context, may have more than one meaning

3

anachronism

representation of someone as existing or something as happening in other than chronological, proper, or historical order

4

aphorism

brief statement which expresses an observation on life, usually intended as a wise observation

5

invective

abuse (tongue-lashing, diatribe, condemnation)

6

juxtaposition

placing two things side by side, usually to show contrast

7

malapropism

an incorrect usage of a ward, usually with comic effect

8

rhetorical question

a question posed by the speaker or writer not to seek an answer but instead to affirm or deny a point simply by asking a question about it

9

sensory detail

an item used to appeal to the sense (sight, taste, touch, etc)

10

shift

general term in linguistics for any slight alteration in a word’s meaning, or the creation of an entirely new word by changing the use of an expression

11

tone

writer’s attitude toward his reader and his subject; his mood or moral view; formal, informal, playful, ironic, optimistic, pessimistic

12

point of view

way the events of a story are conveyed to the reader; “vantage point” from which the narrative is passed from author to the reader; first-person, omniscient, limited

13

theme-thesis

message conveyed by a literary work

14

voice

textual feature, such as diction and sentence structure, that convey a writer’s or speaker’s persona

15

ad hominem argument

an attack on another person instead of their point of view

16

begging the question

situation that results when a writer or speaker constructs an argument on an assumption that the audience does not accept

17

doubtful authority

the authority os not an expert, their colleagues disagree, or the reference to the authority is out of context of the situation

18

either/or reasoning

argument that something complex can be looked at in only two different ways

19

false analogy

comparing two things that are irrelevant, do not pose a valid comparison

20

hasty generalization

not enough support for the inductive reasoning used

21

circular argument

restates the argument rather than actually proving it

22

slippery slope

conclusion based on the premise that if A happens, then eventually, through a series of small steps, B, C,..., X, Y, Z will happen too, basically equating A and Z; so if we don;t want Z to occur A must not occur

23

non-sequitur

conclusion that had no visible connection to the support for the claim

24

oversimplification

reducing an idea too much so it loses the point trying to be made

25

expository

informs, instructs or presents ideas and general truths

26

classification

expository; identifies the subject as part of a larger group with shared features

27

cause and effect

expository; arguing from the presence/absence of the cause to the (non) existence of the result

28

compare/contrast

expository; the subject is shown more clearly by pointing out similarities or differences

29

definition

expository; places the subject in a group and then differentiates the subject from other sections of the group

30

analysis

expository; discussion of a subject based on content and style