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Flashcards in Figures of Speech Deck (16)
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1

analogy

comparison of two things, which are alike in several respects, for the purpose of explaining or clarifying some unfamiliar or difficult idea or object by showing how the idea or object is similar to some familiar one

2

apostrophe

The direct address of a person, either present or absent; used in prose to give vent to or display intense emotion, which can no longer be held back

3

cliché

an expression so often used that its original power has been drained away

4

conceit

an elaborate, usually intellectually ingenious poetic comparison or image, such as an analogy or metaphor in which, say a beloved is compared to a ship, planet, etc

5

epithet

adjective or adjective phrases appropriately qualifying a subject (noun) by naming a key or important characteristic of the subject

6

euphemism

expression of an unpleasant or embarrassing notion by a more inoffensive substitute

7

hyperbole

exaggeration used for emphasis; used to heighten effect, catalyze recognition, or create a humorous perception

8

imagery

collection of images with a literary work; used to evoke atmosphere, mood, tension

9

verbal irony

contrast between the literal meaning of what os said and what is meant

10

situational irony

result of an action is the reverse of what the author expected

11

extended metaphor

metaphor which is drawn-out beyond the usual word or phrase to extend throughout a stanza or an entire poem, usually by using multiple comparisons between the unlike objects or ideas

12

metonymy

form of metaphor; similar to synecdoche, in which the thing chosen for the metaphorical image is closely associated with (but not an actual part of) the subject with which it is to be compared

13

oxymoron

paradox reduced to two words, usually in an adjective-noun or adverb-adjective relationship; used for effect, to emphasis contrasts, incongruities, hypocrisy, or simply the complex nature of reality

14

paradox

statement that seems untrue on the surface but is true nevertheless

15

synaesthesia

(same as the medical condition) descriptions of one kind of sense impression by using words that normally describe another

16

understatement

expressing an idea with less emphasis or in a lesser degree than is the actual case; employed for ironic emphasis