Flashcards in ARCHITECT HANDBOOK PROF PRACTICE Deck (38):
If you violate a rule of the AIA code of ethics and professional conduct, it may be grounds for…
Disciplinary action by the Institute
What are the primary rules of the AIA code of ethics and professional conduct (4)?
1. Reasonable care and competence
2. No payment or gifts to public officials
3. No signing or ceiling of drawings for which you don't have "responsible control"
4. When you leave and architecture firm you cannot take their drawings or designs without permission
What are the two types of corporations?
1. General business Corporation
2. Professional Corporation – established specifically to provides professional services, does not protect individual stockholders or employees from professional liability
As a response to a "demand for arbitration", you have three options:
1. File answer in response to allegations
2. File a counterclaim
3. Do nothing and the AAA will consider the demand to have been denied
There are three different arbitration procedure is. Describe them.
1. Fast track procedures: for cases involving $75,000 or less, only one arbitrator is selected and hearing is short. Entire process: a few months.
2. Standard track: for cases between $75,000 and $1 million. 1–3 arbitrators selected, hearing held 6–9 months from prehearing conference.
3. Large case track: involves multimillion dollar disputes. Long discovery and time period.
How long is the typical mediation session?
What is a dispute review board? One pro and one con.
Similar to arbitration, but a pointed at the beginning of the project before any dispute arises.
Pro: the board is already familiar with the project and therefore decisions can be reached quickly.
Con: high cost associated with involving individuals from project outset.
Six additional services added to the contract at signing.
1. Site evaluation and planning
2. Historic preservation
4. LEED certification
5. Architectural interior design
Six additional services usually added later.
1. Revisions due to new codes, laws, regulations
2. When the owner changes his mind or takes too long to decide
3. Prep and attendance at public hearings or dispute resolution
4. Evaluation of substitutions
5. Preparing the drawings for alternate bid or proposal requests
6. Assisting the owner in determining the qualifications of specific bitters
What did the national Council of architectural registration boards first issue in 1977 as a set of model rules of contact?
NCARB model rules
Name seven types of compensation options
1. Stipulated sum/fixed fee
2. Hourly billing rates
3. Cost plus fixed fee
4. Unit cost methods
5. Percentage of construction cost
6. Outcome – based value pricing (profit sharing)
7. Reimbursable and nonreimbursable direct costs
What is a negotiated select team?
When the contractor is selected early in the design process… Can accelerate portions of the building that are difficult to fabricator construct
What are the three rolls of a construction manager?
1. CM – advisor: consults on constructibility and cost management but does not construct the building. Cannot act on behalf of the owner.
2. CM – agent: provides early consulting and may act on behalf of the owner. Typically bills at fixed fee, passing savings overruns to owner.
3. EM – constructor: CM as advisor transitions to roll of contractor. Frequently uses GMP. Some conflict of interest in that estimator is also contractor (conflict eliminated when CM provides an open book of cost estimates throughout… Known as "CM at risk")
What is the project schedule and who prepares it?
Architect prepares it, establishing dates for completing design, contract documents, construction work.
Six pros and one con to the architect being CM
1. Reduced project costs
2. Reduced construction time
3. Daily job site representation by architect
4. Single source of responsibility
5. Avoidance of adversarial relationships between architect and prime contractors
6. Increased earnings for architects
CON: increased liability and responsibility for job site safety
Is a bridged design build?
When an owner hires one architect for Plymouth area design and to establish performance specs. Then passed on to design-build team to complete technical drawings and construction.
Who was the first designer – builder?
What is "privately financed initiative" or "Build – operate – transfer"?
Consolidated teams of design, construction, development, and building operations delivering an operating completed buildings for extended periods up to 50 years… Leasing to the "owner"
Who is the father of architectural programming?
What is NASF?
Net assignable square footage
What is GSF?
Gross Square footage
How many times more is project cost then construction cost?
What is in the project documents?
The project manual and the project drawings
What is in the project manual?
Bidding requirements, contract forms and conditions, and specifications.
What is in the contract documents?
Everything but the bidding documents
Where are statements on quality and workmanship made?
In the specifications
Which kind of specs describe exact characteristics of materials and products without listing proprietary names?
Which kind of specifications specify the end result required and allow contractors, manufactures, and fabricators the flexibility and creativity to meet them.
What kind of specs reference standards published by industry associations and testing organizations such as ANSI, ASTM, and UL?
What kind of specs specify specific products?
Which kind of specs determine how restrictive the spec will be, permitting one manufacturers product or listing approved alternates. Publicly funded projects require full and open competition.
Which kind of bond guarantees that, if the contractor defaults are fails to perform, the surety will either complete the contract in accordance with its terms or provide sufficient funds for such completion.
A performance bond
Which bond guarantees that subcontractors, material suppliers, And others providing services to the project will be paid... protecting the owner from claims?
Labor and materials bond… Sometimes called a payment bond
What is issued to modify or interpret bidding documents before bids or received or the contract executed?
What is the kind of bond that guarantees that, if a bid is accepted within a certain timeframe, the bitter will enter into formal agreement with the owner.?
What is a generalized piece of writing that can be used over and over again without modification?
Is the architect responsible for hazardous materials like asbestos?