Flashcards in DOCUMENTATION AND SUSTAINABILITY Deck (46):
6 LEED categories
1. Sustainable Sites
2. Water Efficiency
3. Energy & Atmosphere
4. Materials & Resources
5. Indoor Air Quality
6. Innovation & Design Practice
LEED points come in the form of ___ and ____
Prerequisites and optional credits
Name some optional LEED credits
Water use reduction, heat island reduction, recycled content of materials
Name some LEED basic prerequisites
Minimum level of Indoor Air Quality, plans for erosion control, building commissioning
What percentage compliance do you need for LEED bronze?
What percentage compliance do you need for a LEED platinum rating?
What does DOE-2 deal with?
Building shape, orientation, fenestration location, roof color, envelope configuration, and HVAC system efficiency
How can you ensure sustainable standards in your specifications without creating more work for the architect?
Limit the installer to 3 to 5 suppliers of the product that are known to satisfy sustainable design specs
One item offsets another -- inter-related
If you have multiple prime contracts it may be especially helpful to have a...
How much are bid bonds
Usually 5-10% of the bid amount
What a bid bonds?
Money down in case a contractor does not comply with his bid
What is the bid bond document?
The insurable value of the project is usually less than the construction contract sum because…
… Certain elements are not included (like earthwork and grading)
Property insurance that covers fire and damage during construction as well as temporary structures, materials, equipment and supplies, is referred to as:
Builders risk insurance
What is the difference between all risk and named peril insurance?
All of us covers everything except for specified exceptions. Named peril insurance only covers risks specifically identified.
What is a rider on property insurance?
Extended coverage, such as for theft and vandalism.
To riders must be purchased separately?
Flood and earthquake
Who buys property insurance?
Owner… Unless the owner wants the contractor to purchase it, in which case this provision would be included in the supplementary conditions
What is loss of use insurance?
Insurance against losses from delays or events preventing an owner from using a project on time
What happens if the contractors materials are damaged before they are integrated into the building project?
Needed in the general conditions, the owner's property insurance will cover these and the owner will act as a trustee for the proceeds paid by the insurance companies.
What are six insurance coverages a contractor would purchase?
1. Worker's Compensation: job-related injuries. Required by law.
2. Liability: claims for bodily injury, sickness, disease, or death
3. Personal injury: libel, slander, false arrest, defamation of character
4. Property damage: covers property other than construction work itself which may be damaged by construction activities
5. Automobile liability: claims for damages from an owned, nonowned, or hired automobile
6. Contractual liability: covers liability assumed by contract… Indemnification, where in contractors agree to hold owners and architects harmless from damages arising out of specified events
What is products and completed operations coverage?
Covering claims for bodily injury or damage from accidents occurring after construction work is completed.
Contractors are usually required to purchase it.
In order to ensure that the lien will not be put on a building by a subcontractor, and owner requires what?
Before final payment, the contractor must submit an affidavit stating that all his debts of been paid and the owner isn't liable for anything
Liens are not permitted on publicly owned buildings. Instead what can you use?
Labor and material payment bonds
What is the federal law requiring labor and material payment bonds?
The Miller act… And many similar accident states referred to as little Miller acts.
What is a contractors obligation on shop drawings? What does this mean for the architect?
The contractor should determine and verify materials, field measurements, and field construction criteria related
The architect shouldn't look at shop drawings and less they have a contractors stamp of approval
What is the AIA form for the owner – architect agreement?
What are the four things you can write on shop drawings?
Approved, approved as noted, revise and resubmit, and not approved
When does the contract time end?
When the project is substantially complete
What are liquidated damages?
Stipulated amounts of money in the contract, chargeable against the contractor is reimbursement for damages suffered by the owner because the contractors failure to fulfill contractual obligations… Such as completing on time
When is a Gantt chart used for project scheduling?
What happens if there is a force majeure?
The contractor must notify the architect within 21 days to claim a time extension
What is the basis for the amounts the contractor asks for in his applications for payment? This is what he have to submit before his first application for payment
Schedule of values
Who reviews the contractors proposed schedule of values? What is the contractor likely to do?
Tact. It is in the contractors interests often to frontload the project by signing more value to materials and labor
What two things weren't the architect certifying that no payment or an amount less than requested by a contractor is due?
The work has not progressed as a contractor claimed… Or it is not completely acceptable
Architects have the right to nullify all or part of certificates for payment with these seven qualifiers
1. Defective work not corrected
2. Claims, or the likelihood of claims, by third parties
3. Contractors failure to pay subcontractors
4. Evidence that the work cannot be completed for the unpaid balance
5. Damage to the owner or another contractor
6. Evidence that the work cannot be completed on time
7. A contractors persistent failure to comply with contract documents
At substantial completion, a contractors entitled to…
Contract sum minus incomplete work and retainage
Warranty periods begin at
If there are more than one prime contract,
There may be more than one date of substantial completion
What are the only two points at which an architect inspects a project?
Substantial completion and final completion
What is the list of items to be completed or corrected, provided by the contractor and usually expanded by the architect as a result of a detailed inspection?
Who signs the certificate of substantial completion?
The owner , the architect, and the contractor
Who else has to approve final payment to the contractor?
What claims against the contractor does the owner wave upon making final payment?
1. Liens claims or security interests arising out of the contract and unsettled
2. Failure of the work to comply with the requirements of the contract documents
3. Terms of special warranty is required by the contract documents