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Flashcards in Artist Stuff Deck (77):
1

His painting Le Bateau was put the right way up after hanging upside-down for 46 days without anyone noticing at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, America.

Matisse

2

This Frenchie was a labourer on the Panama Canal

Gaugan

3

This artist created a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II of Britain by stitching together 1,000 used tea bag

Andy Brown

4

Carbon Paper Invention

October 7th 1806 by Ralph Wedgewood

5

Only painting ever sold by Van Gogh

Red Vineyard at Arles

6

This artist died of frostbite when then gov't refused to house him--only his statues

Rodin

7

Michelangelo was a leftie and so...

he painted his famous David and Goliath with David holding his sling in his left hand

8

Di Vinci was a leftie and so...

he wrote all of his personal notes from right to left, forcing those who read them to use a mirror

9

Through his adult life he owned a pet monkey, an owl, a goat, a turtle and packs of dogs and cats. He was known to leave his studio windows open and to paint the pigeons that flew through.

Picasso

10

Van Gogh killed himself while painting this:

Wheat Field with Crows

11

the first living artist to have his work exhibited in the Louvre

Braque

12

How impressionism got its name

Monet's pictures, Impression: Sunrise

13

Who introduced the chinese to cobalt blue by bringing it from Iran

Ghengas Khan

14

This artist put a self-portrait in every painting

Dali

15

Who invented high heels?

DaVinci

16

How many words in Picasso's name?

23 (Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Martyr Patricio Clito Ruíz y Picasso)

17

Michelangelo's favorite medium

Marble

18

Marvel Comics artist Jack Kirby was affectionately known by which nickname?

The King

19

Who once declared “Art is anything you can get away with”?

Warhol

20

Rosseau's nickname?

"le Douanier," derives from his job as a customs official. did naive art

21

Which art movement claimed to be anti-art?

Dada

22

Who painted ‘The Conversion of St. Paul’?

Caravaggio

23

Name the technique that places lines closely side by side

Hatching

24

Acrylic

A type of paint made with synthetic resin as the medium (liquid) to bind the pigment (color), rather than natural oils such as linseed used in oil paint

25

Giuseppe Arcimboldo

painted portraits constructed from fruit, vegetables, pots and pans, books, and tools.

26

Art Noveau

The style of decorative art that was prominent from the 1880s until the First World War (1914). Art Nouveau features stylized, flowing organic motifs (such as flowers and leaves) with strong lines. The name is French for "new art".

The British artist William Morris (1834 to 1896) and his Arts and Crafts movement is closely associated with art nouveau. In the US, Louis Comfort Tiffany's glassware is distinctly art nouveau.

27

Artists Bridge

An artist's bridge is like a ruler with a wedge underneath each edge so it doesn't lie flat on a piece of paper but stands above it. Resting your wrist or forearm on an artist's bridge steadies your hand. Or you can use the edge to paint or draw a straight line -- even if the paint is wet if the bridge isn't standing on your painting

28

Baroque

relating to or denoting a style of European architecture, music, and art of the 17th and 18th centuries that followed mannerism and is characterized by ornate detail. In architecture the period is exemplified by the palace of Versailles and by the work of Bernini in Italy. Major composers include Vivaldi, Bach, and Handel; Caravaggio and Rubens are important baroque artists.

29

Georges Braque

Cubism; buddies with Picasso; He is credited with introducing typography, wood-graining, and marbling into Cubism.

30

Brayer

A brayer is what a roller is called in traditional fine art printmaking

31

Ferrule on a brush

holds the hairs onto the handle

32

Caravaggio

His paintings are characterized by dramatic lighting spotlighting individual figures within a composition (known as tenebrism or chiaroscuro). He also painted his figures realistically, rejecting any idealism of the human figure, even when painting religious (Christian) themes.

"The Taking of Christ"
"Salome receives the Head of Saint John the Baptist"
"The Supper at Emmaus"

33

Claude Mirror

A Claude Mirror is a convex mirror with black on the back rather than silver. It reduces the quality of the reflected image, producing a softer, muted effect which makes it easier to see tones in a scene (and thus, in theory, easier to paint). The convex shape of the mirror means it reflects a larger section of landscape than you'd see normally.

34

Complementary Colors

Two colours on opposite sides of the color wheel, which when placed next to each other make both appear brighter. The complementary color of a primary color (red, blue, and yellow) is the colour you get by mixing the other two

35

Elements in Painting

Color
Tone (or value)
Line (a narrow mark made by a brush, or a line created where two things meet)
Shape (2D, can be positive or negative) and Form (3D)
Space (or volume)
Texture (or pattern)
Sometimes these elements are also added to the list:
Composition
Direction (vertical, horizontal, angled)
Size
Time and movement (how the viewer perceives and looks at the painting)

36

Conceptual Art's most famous guy

One of the forerunners and influences of Conceptual Art was Marcel Duchamp. The piece most often cited is his "The Fountain" -- an upside-down urinal signed "R. Mutt".

37

John Constable

British artist best known for his paintings of English landscapes

38

Degas

Edgar Degas is probably best known for his Impressionist artworks of ballet dancers, done using pastels.

39

Delacroix

Leader of the French Romantic Period Delacroix is credited with developing the color triangle, which is a very useful tool in acquiring the basics of color theory.

40

Diptych

A painting consisting of two panels, traditionally hinged together. Polytch is more than two

41

Duer

Albrecht Dürer is regarded as one of the greatest (and to many, the greatest) German artists of the Renaissance

42

Encaustic Painting

A method of painting which uses pigments melted with wax and fixed or fused to the painting surface with heat.

43

Expressionism

Kandinsky, Van Gogh influenced it; The aims of an Expressionist were to express emotions through the use of vivid colors and strong, distorted lines, rather than capturing a likeness or reality. Their work was characterized by intense, violent, and non-naturalistic colors, painted in a textural manner.

44

Fauvism

The Fauvists were a group of French painters, prominent from the Paris salon of 1905. Their paintings were characterized by their use of simplified forms, bright or violent colors, and complementary colors. The group included Henri Matisse, Maurice de Vlaminck, Andre Derain, and Kees van Dongen.

The term "fauves" means wild beasts, and was first used by the French art critic Louis Vauxcelles in a review that appeared on 17 October 1905.

45

Frottage

Rubbing a dry medium such as a soft pencil, pastel, or charcoal over a piece of paper that has been placed on a rough surface to capture the texture.

46

Thomas Gainsborough

Thomas Gainsborough is renowned for his paintings of British landscapes and society portraits, which ranged from head and shoulders to full length

47

Gesso

Paint primer

48

Alberto Giacometti

his characteristic tall and thin, sticklike style of sculptures in 1947.

49

Grisaille

a monochrome painting using shades of gray only (sometimes brown). Grisaille was used by Renaissance artists to depict or imitate relief sculpture in paintings.

50

Henri

Impressionist, taught Edward Hopper, Henri is probably more famed as an art teacher than a painter, especially for the book on his teaching and art theories called The Art Spirit.

51

Hopper

Hopper painted scenes from modern life that are stark and timeles--nitehawk that was in the flatiron front thing

52

Impressionism

Impressionist was an art movement that started in France around 1870 which attempted to capture the fleeting impressions or feeling of a scene, rather than detailed realism.

The term Impressionist was first used by the art critic Louis Leroy in his review of the 1874 group show of more than 30 painters who'd been rejected by the official Paris Salon. Leroy titled his review, The Exhibition of the Impressionists, after Monet's painting called Impression: Sunrise.
Monet and Renoir are perhaps the best-known Impressionists.

53

Jasper Johns

He is credited, together with Robert Rauschenberg, with leading American art in the 1950s away from Abstract Expressionism into Pop Art and Minimal Art.
Painted that cool American flag

54

Klimt

Female figures with gold leaf

55

Mahl Stick

A mahl stick is useful when painting detail or when painting in a large area where the paint is still wet and you want to avoid touching the surface accidentally.

56

Matisse

whose stylistic innovations (along with those of Pablo Picasso) fundamentally altered the course of modern art and affected the art of several generations of younger painters, spanned almost six and a half decades.
Blue Nude
Woman with a hat
The dance

57

Monet

Water lilies, haystacks, cataracts
as a founder of French Impressionist painting,

58

Neo-Impressionism

evolved in France the 1880s from Impressionism, characterized by the use of pointillism and strict, formal composition.

The French painter Georges Seurat (1859-91) is regarded as the leader of this movement.

59

Rodin

odin can be thought of an Impressionists working with sculpture rather than painting.
Rodin's most famous sculptures are The Thinker, The Kiss, and The Gates of Hell, depicting scenes from Dante's Inferno, which he spent more than 35 years working on.

60

Rothko

Mark Rothko was one of the most famous of the American abstract expressionist painters, renowned for his color-field paintings. (surrealist first)

61

Scumbling

a painting technique where a thin or broken layer of color is brushed over another so that patches of the color beneath show through

62

Sfumato

a painting technique in which the colors blend softly into each other, rather than objects or shapes having sharp outlines or hard edges.

63

Sgraffito

A technique where a top layer of color is scratched to reveal a colour beneath

64

Surrealism

Surrealism is an art movement started in the 1920s which focuses on the subconscious, the fantastic, the interpretation of dreams, and the juxtaposition of unlikely elements.

Key exponents included Salvador Dali and Rene Magritte.

65

Tenebrism

a style of painting in which light is used to focus attention on a single figure or particular figures in a composition, with the rest of the painting being in shadow and the background very dark.

66

Tonking

a technique used in oil painting for removing excess oil paint or oil from a canvas by blotting it with a sheet of absorbent paper (such as newspaper or kitchen towel).

67

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

a French Post-Impressionist, famous for his paintings of the night-life of late 19th-century Paris (including cabaret dancers, prostitutes, and circus performers) and show posters.

68

trompe l'oeil

a French phrase meaning to deceive or fool the eye. It is used for paintings that create a powerful illusion of depth, of something three-dimensional and real (rather than only being a two-dimensional, flat image).

69

Vasari

most important contribution to painting was his book Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects.

70

Vernissage

an invitation-only or private preview of an art exhibition before it opens for public viewing

71

Caravaggio's birth name

Michelangelo Merisi

72

Mondrian

best known for his non-representational paintings that he called compositions, consisting of rectangular forms of red, yellow, blue or black, separated by thick, black rectilinear lines.

73

Michelangelo's last name

Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni

74

Who did VanGogh cut of his ear for?

Goughin

75

Frederic-August Bartholdi

Statue of Liberty

76

World's Largest Art Gallery

Winter Palace and Hermitage in St. Petersburg, Russia

77

Versions of Mona Lisa under original

3 different versions of the Mona Lisa under the visible one