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Flashcards in WARS Deck (27):
1

Hundred Years War

1337-1453 (116 yrs)
•House of Planagenet (ENG) vs House of Valios (FRANCE)
•Wlm Conq, had Normandy, Henry II got Aquitaine via marriage
•Ed III refused to pay homage to France Phil VI, cuz he thought HE should have been king of france, really
•FRANCE WINS
•Armies big, aristocracy mad, war of roses

2

War of the Roses

1455-1487 (32 off and on)
•Lancaster v York
•Henry VI crazy (L), then Ed IV (Y), then Hen, Ed, Ed V, then Richard III (Y) LOST to Henry Tudor at Battle of Bosworth Field
•Tudor became Henry VII, Married Elizabeth (Y) HOUSE OF TUDOR
•GOLDEN AGE OF ELIZABETH

3

Pequot War

1634-1638 4 years
•Pequot tribe vs English Col
•Tribe killed Engman thinking he was Dutch
•Pequot lost, many killed/enslaved
•>300yrs to regain power in homeland
•Thames & Mystic Rivers in CT

4

English Civil War

1642-1651 (9)
•ENGLISH MONARCH CAN'T GOVERN WITHOUT PARLIAMENT
•Parliam(Roundhead) v Royalists (Cavaliers)
•ChazI executed, ChazII exiled
•Eng Mon replaced my Commonwealth of Eng then Protectorate
•Church of Eng no longer only one, Protestant of Ire too

5

King Philip's War/1st Indian War

1675-1678 (3)
•Ntv Amrcn led by Megacomet "King Philip" vs English Col led by Ben Church
•BEN killed Metacomet
Deadliest war in Amer Hist
•Ended w/Treaty at Casco Bay
•Beg of Amer Development without Eng Support

6

French & Indian War, 7yrs War

1754-63 (9)
•War of Conquest
•Colonies of Brit Amer vs New France
•France were outnumbered
•France ceded terr E of Mississ to GB, ceded NOLA to Spain
•BRITAIN AS DOMINANT COLONIAL POWER IN EASTERN NORTH AMERICA

7

American Revolution

1775-1783 (war)
•13 colonies break from Brits
•Caused by tax w/out rep, boston tea party, coercive acts
•outbreak at LEX & Concord
•George Wash led Continal Army
•Brits led by Smith, Percy, Francis, won Bunker and Breeds Hill
•Knox brought cannons
•Peace treaty 1783, Brits Canada, Spain Florida
•2nd Contintl Congress BILL OF RIGHTS

8

QUASI WAR

1798-1800
•USA, GB vs FRNC, SPAIN
•AT SEA UNDECLARED
•France felt US was siding with GB, seized ships, XYZ affair
•USA captured french chips
ADAMS! USS CONSTELLATION

9

French Revolutionary War

1792-1802 (10)
•French vs Euro Monarchies
•Tons of french soldiers
•Expanded french control italy, rhineland
•fighting with GB ended w/TREATY OF AMIENS 1802
•LED TO NAPOLEANIC WARS

10

Napoleonic Wars

1803-15 (12)
•France was doing great, but collapsed after BAD invasion of Russia in 1812
•END OF HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE
•BRITISH EMPIRE BECAME FOREMOST WORLD POWER
•PAX BRITANNICA
•Abdication of Napoleon

11

War of 1812

12-15 (3)
•US vs Brits
MADISON
•Caused by issues of Nap wars (•trade restrictions, •impressment of sailors, •UK support of angry indians•rumor of US annexing Canada)
•General Andrew Johnson
•US WON BATTLE OF BALTIMORE-STAR SPANGLED BANNER
•Era of Good Fortune
•NO BOUNDARY CHANGES--TREATY OF GHENT

12

Waterloo

1815--BELGIUM
•Nap army defeated by 7th Coalition (UK, Netherlands, Prussia....)DUKE OF WELLINGTON
•Ended Nap reign, exiled to St. Helena--Louie 18

13

Mexican-American War

1846-1848
•POLK
•After annexation of Texas
•Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
•Return of Slavery to former Mexican Territories

14

Civil War

1861-1865
•LEE SURRENDER TO GRANT @APPOMATOX
•Industrial
•Conf fired at Ft. Sumpter SC
•Union won Antitem (dissuade Brits), Vicksburg, Gettysburg, Petersburg
•Carpetbaggers (Northern Newbies)
•Scalawags (Native Southern White Supporters)
•Copperheads--southerners agains wars

15

Spanish-American War

1898-10 weeks
•Result of Cuban war for Independence
•US won, Treaty of Paris, Spain releases cuba, US gets Philipines, Guam, and Puerto Rico

16

World War I

1914-1918 4 yrs
•Allies Triple Entente (US, France, Russia) then, Italy, Japan, US
•Central Powers: Germany, Aus-Hug, then Ottoman, Bulg
•Franz Ferd (Aus-Hung) killed by Serbs
•Treaty of Versailles
•League of Nations
•Big 4 at Paris Peace Conf:
Wilson (US), George (UK), Orlando (ITL), Clemenceau (Fr)
•End of Empires: GERM, OTTOMAN, RUSSIAN & AUS-HUNG

17

World War II

1939-1945
•Deadliest ever
•Axis: Germany (Hitler) Italy (Mussolini) Japan (Hirohito)
•Allies: Soviets (Stalin) US (FDR) UK (Churchill)
•Collapse of 3rd Reich
•Fall of Jap & Ital Empires
•Formation of UN
•US and Soviet U as Superpowers
•Set Stage for COLD WAR

18

Pearl Harbor

Dec 7, 1941
•Led to US involvement in WWII
•Meant to keep US from interfering
•US declared war on Japan the next day
•Germ and Italy declare war on US Dec 11
•A DATE WHICH WILL LIVE IN INFAMY

19

Korean War

1950-1953
•Fatherland Liberation War
•Soviets occupied North Korea, US occupied South Korea
•NK (with China) invaded SK
•US came to the rescue
•New borders resulted

20

Chinese Civil War

1927-1936
1946-1950
•Taiwan-Chiang Kai-Shek LOST to Communist People's Rep-Mao
•COMMUNIST TAKEOVER
•STILL NO PEACE TREATY

21

Cold War

1947-1961
•Western Bloc: US, Nato Japan (helped Greece and any other anti-communism effort)
•Eastern Bloc: Soviets and Warsaw Allies
•Cold because no major fighting between the two but they supported other little wars
•Berlin Airlift embarrassed Soviets
•Space Race--Sputnick, then Apollo 11

22

Bay of Pigs

1961
•Failed CIA invasion of Cuba to overthrow Castrow (buds w/Soviets)

23

Cuban Missile

1962
•October Crisis
•US vs Soviets over Soviet missile deployed in Cuba
•Kruschev placed them there
•US blockaded Cuba
•Kruschev agreed to dismantle them and return them to SU
•US agreed to dismantle missiles in Turkey and Italy
•Washington-Moscow hotline established

24

Gulf War

1990-1991
•Operation Desert Shield
•US Coalition (w/Saudi, UK, Egypt) against Iraq after invasion and annexation of oil-rich Kuwait
•1st Use of CNN-VIDEO GAME WAR
•Iraq withdrew--Emir Jaber III restored
•Iraq no-fly zones, sanctions

25

Vietnam War

1955-1975
•2nd Indochina War
•N. Vietnam (Commies-SU, China-People's republic of vietnam) vs S.Vietnam (US)
•Viet Cong--Commies in S.Vietnam fighting for the North with Guerrilla warfare
•US involved to prevent domino effect of communism--troops sent in 1965
•Commies launched Tet Offensive--US won but it freaked everyone's freak
•Paris Peace--not ratified by US
•Vietnamization--backing out
•US ended involvement 1973--Case-Church Amendment
•Reunification--socialist republic of vietnam

26

Iraq War

War on Afghanistan(Karzai to find Bin Laden)
•Iraq War-Duelfer Report said no
•Iraq War-Iraq Invading Kuwait--they increased oil production and Iraq freaked
•Operation Enduring freedom w/UK
•Sadam and then al-malaki
•Northern Alliance with UK
•2 phases-after 9/11 1st 2003, US ended Ba'ahtist Iraq under Sadam
•2nd after Iraq decided to oppose occupying forces
•Operation Iraqui freedom=>New Dawn
•2011-US pulled out
•US returned summer of '14

27

Falklands War

1982
•War between Argentina and UK
•Over British Falkland Islands & South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands
•Argentina invaded islands, cuz they wanted sovereignty back, and they LOST
•Argentina surrenders