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Flashcards in Landmarks Deck (73):
1

What's older: Stonehenge or the Colosseum?

England's Stonehenge is 1500 years older than Rome's Colosseum.

2

Estimated weight of Pyramids

6,648,000 tons

3

First footprints outside Chinese Theatre

Norma Talmadge in 1927
Jimmy Durant's nose

4

Largest movie theatre in the world

Radio City

5

Real name of St. Louis Arch

"The Jefferson National Expansion Memorial."

6

Boat that brought Statue of Liberty

1885 aboard the French ship "Isere.

7

Statue of liberty weight

225 tons

8

World's largest gothic cathedral

in new York City. It is the Cathedral of St. John the Divine

9

Eiffel Tower steps

1,792

10

Statue of Lib Steps

403

11

Who came up with idea for Mt. Rushmore?

Local historian Doane Robinson in 1923 to promote tourism

12

Mt. Rushmore Sculptor

Gutzon Borglum, a famous Dutch-American sculptor, was selected for the Mount Rushmore project. At his death in March 1941 his son, Lincoln Borglum, continued the work and it was completed later that year

13

Mt. Rushmore construction time

14 yrs (1927-1941)

14

Direction Mt. Rushmore faces

faced southeast so enjoyed maximum exposure to the sun which helped maximise working hours.

15

What sits behind Mt. Rushmore?

Hall of Records with text of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, biographies of the 4 presidents and Borglum, and history of the U.S.

16

Washington Monument Completed

1888

17

Words at top of Wash Monument

At the top of the Washington Monument, on the aluminum cap, are these words inscribed in Latin -- "Laus Deo" which means, "Praise be to God".

18

Who built Wash Monument?

Robert Mills

19

Washy Monumnet Height

555 feet and 5.1 inches

20

Where was the I have a Dream Speech Made

Lincoln Memorial

21

Lincoln chief architect

Henry Bacon

22

Lincoln Mem completed

1922

23

Lincoln Memorial inscriptions

Lincoln's Gettysburg Address and Second inaugural address are enshrined in south and north walls. There is an angel inscribed into the north wall, to represent truth and on the south wall, the inscription is that of a slave being freed.
Read more at Buzzle: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/lincoln-memorial-facts.html

24

Style of lincoln's memorial

doric--36 doric columns

25

Style of Jefferson memorial

roman pantheon

26

Vietnam memorial designer

A 21-year-old Yale University student, Maya Lin

27

Who is the statue of liberty based on and what is she holding?

Libertas, the Roman goddess of liberty. She holds a torch and a tabula ansata (tablet) that has the date of the American Declaration of Independence inscribed in it (July 4, 1776).

28

Official name for Statue of Liberty

‘Liberty Enlightening the World’.

29

What lies at Lady Liberty's feet

broken chain

30

Bledloe's Island

Previous name of Liberty Island

31

Where is Taj Mahal located?

Agra, a city in the Uttar Pradesh region of northern India.

32

Meaning of Taj Mahal

“crown of palaces”

33

Construction of Taj Mahal

20 years, beginning around 1632 and finishing around 1653

34

Who discovered Machu Picchu?

On July 24, 1911, American explorer Hiram Bingham III with the help of Melchor Arteaga, re-discovered Machu Picchu. in peru

35

Ashlar

blocks of stone are cut so precisely as to fit together tightly without mortar.

36

Tilt angle of Pisa

Originally the tower leaned at an angle of 5.5 degrees. After restoration work between 1990 and 2001 this angle was reduced to 3.97 degrees.

37

Height of Leaning tower of Pisa

8 stories high

38

Pisa timeline

Construction of the Tower of Pisa started in the year 1173 and was completed in 1372. Construction stopped and restarted twice over those 199 years due to wars.

39

What's in the Pisa Chamber?

Seven bells sit in the bell-chamber at the top of the tower, one bell for each note of the musical major scale.

40

In one piece, he thought the Egyptian pyramids were “childish” compared to the Wall, which was a “great work.” In another place, he calls the Wall a “monument to fear.”h

Voltaire

41

wrote a short story titled “The Great Wall of China”

Kafka

42

Eiffel Tower Was Built

The Eiffel Tower was originally built as the entrance arch for the World's Fair in 1889.

43

What knocked the Eiffel Tower out of the running as the tallest building?

The Eiffel Tower is 320 metres (1050 feet) in height and was the tallest man made structure in the world for 41 years before being surpassed by the Chrysler Building in New York.

44

Eiffel Tower Nickname

La dame de fer which means the iron lady

45

Along which river is the Hoover Dam built?

Built along the Colorado River between 1931 and 1936

46

Tallest Dam in the world

Nurek Dam in Tajikistan

47

Wonders of the Ancient World

Great Pyramid of Giza
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Statue of Zeus at Olympia
Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
Colossus of Rhodes
Lighthouse of Alexandria

PLEASE MEMORIZE the LISTA SEVEN COOL HISTORICAL THINGS

48

Wonders of the new world

Great Wall
Petra
Christ the Redeemer
Machu Picchu
Chicen Itza
Collesseum
Taj Mahal

GREAT PETER CHRIST, MAN! that CHICKEN TAJINE IS COLOSSAL!

49

Who discovered Grand Canyon?

Garcia Lopez de Cardenas

50

What river carved out the Grand Canyon?

Colorado River.

51

This United States president visited the Grand Canyon and said, 'Leave it as it is. You cannot improve on it. Not a bit. The ages have been at work on it and man can only mar it.' Who was he?

Teddy Roosevelt

52

Original purpose of the Alamo

The Alamo is an eighteenth-century church that was built by Franciscan friars in 1718 as part of a mission to convert the local Indians to Christianity.

53

Battle of the Alamo

a small band of around two-hundred Texans, led by David Crockett, James Bowie, and William B. Travis, held out against General Santa Anna’s large army for a period of thirteen days before finally being defeated.

54

Who said "Remember the Alamo?"

Sam Houston

55

Who is in charge of The Alamo today?

Daughters of the Republic of Texas

56

What is the Alamo made of?

Limestone

57

Bunker Hill battle and monument

Battle--1775, Monument 1843

58

Where is Hoover Dam

Between Arizona and Nevada

59

How high can Old Faithful shoot?

106 to 185 feet.

60

How often does Old Faithful erupt?

60 minutes to 2 hours. for 1.5-2min

61

Where is Old Faithful?

Yellowstone, Wyoming, Madison River

62

When was Mt. Rushmore built?

compelted in 1941

63

What is the Liberty Bell made of?

70% copper, 25% tin and small amounts of lead, zinc, arsenic, gold and silver

64

Where is the US Constitution housed?

National Archives

65

What does it say on the back of the Declaration of Ind?

"Original Declaration of Independence, dated 4th July 1776,"

66

Are there other copies of the Declaration of Ind?

Yes, there are 26 copies known to exist of what is commonly referred to as "the Dunlap broadside," 21 owned by American institutions, 2 by British institutions, and 3 by private owners.

67

What is the oldest and shortest written Constitution of any major government in the world

The constitution

68

Did Adams and Jefferson sign the Constitution?

Thomas Jefferson did not sign the Constitution. He was in France during the Convention, where he served as the U.S. minister. John Adams was serving as the U.S. minister to Great Britain during the Constitutional Convention and did not attend either.

69

When is Constitution Day?

September 17,--framers

70

1st time the words "United States of America" were used?

the Declaration of Independence

71

Only Presidents to sign the constitution?

George Washington and James Madison

72

Ben Franklin Inventions

glass harmonica, writing desk, rocking chair, franklin stove, odometer, whale oil candle, pulley system to open door, new ship anchor, bifocals

73

Who created the first insurance company?

Franklin--to combat fires