Arts, Health & Fitness Subtest II Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Arts, Health & Fitness Subtest II Deck (61)
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Call and Response (music)

A style of singing in which a melody sung by one singer is responded to or echoed by one or more singers.



What is the role of costumes and makeup in theater?

It helps to typify characters from the moment they appear on stage and signify the period or the social milieu in which they are to be seen. They can also indicate the characters' circumstances (whether they should appear rich or poor) or even whether they should be seen as comic or tragic personalities.


What is "blocking" in theater?

It refers to the movement and positioning of actors on stage in order to facilitate the presentation of a play, dance, or musical performance.


Talk about the Nervous System.

It keeps us aware of our environment and allows us to react appropriately to environmental stimuli. The nervous system consists of the brain, the spinal cord, and many nerve cells.  Nerve cells are also known as neurons.


Texture (music)

Combining melody, harmony and rhythm to determine the quality of the sound. Types:
1 monophonic: 1 voice/line w/no accompanying
2 polyphonic: many voices that imitate or counter
3 homophonic: a main melody accompanied by harmonic chords.
Should be introduced 1 type at a time.


What is timbre?

The quality of sound that distinguishes one tone color from another. Words such as dark, rich, mellow, are often used to describe the timbre of a musical piece or sound of a musical instrument. It contributes to the overall effect or mood created by music.


What are Manipulative/Object Control Skills?

It focuses on object control, usually by using the hands or feet, but also using other parts of the body. Sometimes these skills are referred to as propulsive skills (striking, throwing, and kicking) and receptive skills (catching and trapping)


Discuss the Cardiorespiratory System.

The heart is a powerful pump located at the center of the circulatory system. Blood enters the heart through the atria and is pumped out of the heart through the ventricles. Between the atria and the ventricles are valves that prevent the blood from flowing backward. Once blood passes from the atria to the ventricles, the valves prevent it from returning. a network of blood vessels, including arteries, veins, and capillaries. The vessels that carry the blood from the ventricles to various parts of the body are called arteries. The vessels that return blood to the heart are called veins. A series of microscopic capillaries connect small arteries and veins and permit the exchange of dissolved nutrients, oxygen, wastes, and other substances.


Discuss the Excretory System

The body takes nutrients from food and uses them to maintain all bodily functions including energy and self-repair. After the body has taken what it needs from the food, waste products are left behind in the blood and in the bowel. Waste products of digestion are pushed into the lower part of the large intestine called the colon. These are then excreted from the body. Waste products are filtered from the blood by the kidneys, which also recapture and return to the body water and certain minerals called electrolytes. Wastes travel from the kidneys to the bladder where they are stored until they are excreted from the body as urine. The _________ system works with the lungs, skin, and intestines—all of which also excrete wastes—to keep the chemicals and water in the body balanced.


What are the four types of instruments?






Skill Related Fitness

Includes balance, power, speed, coordination and agility.


What are the 4 elements of dance?

Body, space, time, and energy.



Is a comedy in which the plot is developed around a situation instead of the characters. Has been called situational comedy or sitcom


What is the function and 3 types of muscles?

Muscles control the ability to move.

Skeletal: It is voluntary muscle attached to bones, and is responsible for skeletal movements. It works when the brain tells them to bend, or flex, or stretch. They attach directly to bones or to other muscles with tendons, or bands of connective tissue.


Smooth: It is found in the walls of the hollow internal organs such as blood vessels, the gastrointestinal tract, bladder, and uterus, is controlled by the autonomic nervous system. That is, it cannot be controlled consciously like the skeletal muscles; thus, they are described as acting involuntarily.


Cardiac: It is found in the walls of the heart, is also controlled by the autonomic nervous system. The contraction of cardiac muscle is involuntary, strong, and rhythmical.




Developed in Ancient Greece. Uses humor to represent simple topics of daily life.


What are the elements of Art?


Line, Shape, Form, Space, Color, Value, Texture



How is water important to the human body?

It is a nutrient that is part of all body tissues and fluids. It is the most abundant substance in the body. It is essential for maintaining body temperature, respiration, and the chemical reactions that enable the body to digest and use food.



Uses irony and exaggeration to ridicule such targets as unquestionably held beliefs, extreme religious positions, and human vices to teach a moral.


What is rhythm?

It refers to the spacing between sounds and silences in music.


Governs time in music. First instruction includes familiar songs played so students can clap along.


What are the 4 types of awarenesses concerning locomotion & non-locomotion?

Body Awareness: What the body can do (transferring weight, balancing, flight, change directions, etc.)

Spatial Awareness: Where the body moves (personal space, general space, following directions, high or low levels, pathways such as zigzag, curved or straight, etc.)

Effort Awareness: How the body moves (time, speed, effort, force, etc.)

Relationship Awareness: How the body relates to objects and others (location such as over, under, behind, and matching movements, mirroring movements, eye-hand coordination, etc.)


There are many different types of art.  You should be familar with several commonly used mediums.  


  1. Drawing
  2. Painting
  3. Sculture
  4. Photography

  1. It enhances observation skills and manual dexterity. It also provides a solid foundation for learning how to paint.
  2. It provides a wide range of techniques and media for artistic expression. It's media include watercolor, acrylic, and tempera.
  3. It is a type of three-dimensional art.
  4. It is perceived as an art form that captures reality, but _____________ often manipulate their images for expressive purposes, using the same elements of art and principles of design that artists working with other media do.



What is Protein?

They are the building blocks that provide the structure for the tissues of the body.


What is the difference between melody and harmony?

Melody refers to a rhythmically-organized succession of single tones that form a recognizable, aesthetic unit.  A combination of pitch and rhythm. The main focus of a song.  Melody is expressed by one note following another while harmonic music exists when two or more notes are played at the same time. When three or more tones are sounded together, a chord is produced.


Harmonic notes or chords blend sounds that complement the melody of a musical piece. The use of pitches or chords at the same time in a way that is pleasant. Relies on the melody.


What are carbohydrates and how does the body use them?

It is a nutrient that is part of all body tissues and fluids. It is the most abundant substance in the body. It is essential for maintaining body temperature, respiration, and the chemical reactions that enable the body to digest and use food.


Why provide opportunities for dramatic play for children?

Gives opportunities to develop self-awareness in the controlled and protected classroom environment.

Practice expressive movement,voice and characterization.


In dance, what does "Shape" refer to?

The configuration of his or her torso and limbs into positions that change over time. The choreographer arranges dancers on the stage and plans their movements around the available space to create visual interest and dramatic effect.


he digestive system consists of the gastrointestinal tract and the accessory organs of digestion (the tongue, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder). Digestion involves the breakdown of food into smaller and smaller components, until they can be absorbed and assimilated into the body. The process has many stages, the first of which starts in the mouth.



Developed in Ancient Greece around the 6th century. Is a dramatic composition of serious and often somber themes. It generally portrays the life and misfortunes.


What are the five types of joints in the human body?

Immovable, hinge, ball- and-socket, pivot, and gliding.