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Flashcards in ASR 3 Deck (20)
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1

ASR #1
Which of the following is an example
of a continuous schedule of
reinforcement?
a. FR 1
b. FI 10 s
c. VR 5
d. VI 10 s

A

2

ASR #2
 Which of the following best defines a ratio
schedule of reinforcement?
a. Reinforcement provided contingent on an
alternative response
b. Reinforcement is provided following a pre-
specified number of responses
c. Deliver stimuli known in other contexts to
be reinforcers solely on the basis of time,
independent of responding
d. Reinforcement is provided for the first
response that follows some amount of time

B

3

ASR #3
 Which of the following best defines an interval schedule of reinforcement?
a. Reinforcement provided contingent on an
alternative response
b. Reinforcement is provided following a pre-
specified number of responses
c. Deliver stimuli known in other contexts to
be reinforcers solely on the basis of time,
independent of responding
d. Reinforcement is provided for the first
response that follows some amount of time

D

4

ASR #4
 Which of the following best defines a response-independent schedule of reinforcement?
a. Reinforcement provided contingent on an alternative response
b. Reinforcement is provided following a pre-
specified number of responses
c. Deliver stimuli known in other contexts to be
reinforcers solely on the basis of time, independent of responding
d. Reinforcement is provided for the first response that follows some amount of time

C

5

ASR #5
 Which of the following best defines
differential reinforcement of low-rate
behavior (DRL)?
a. t s without response, then 1 response
b. 1 response within t s or less of last response
c. t s without a response
d. Contingent on alternative response,
often in absence of target response

A

6

ASR #6
 Which of the following best defines
differential reinforcement of other behavior DRO)?

a. t s without response, then 1 response
b. 1 response within t s or less of last response
c. t s without a response
d. Contingent on alternative response,
often in absence of target response

C

7

ASR #7
 Which of the following best defines a skill deficit?

a. Task materials and relevant instructions do
not occasion predetermined level of
performance in absence of prompts

b. The skill is intact, but the person is
unmotivated to respond under appropriate
stimulus conditions

c. Some property of responding is gradually
changed by differentially reinforcing
successive approximations to target
behavior

A

8

ASR #8

 Which of the following best defines a
performance deficit?
a. Task materials and relevant instructions do
not occasion predetermined level of
performance in absence of prompts
b. The skill is intact, but the person is
unmotivated to respond under appropriate
stimulus conditions
c. Some property of responding is gradually
changed by differentially reinforcing successive approximations to target behavior

B

9

ASR #9
 Which of the following patterns of responding following supplemental reinforcement for correct responding suggest a performance deficit?

a. Responding very rapidly decreases
b. Responding does not change
c. One cannot distinguish between a
performance and skill deficit following the
provision of supplemental reinforcement
d. Responding very rapidly increases

D

10

ASR #10
 Which of the following best defines a
shaping?
a. Task materials and relevant instructions do
not occasion predetermined level of
performance in absence of prompts
b. The skill is intact, but the person is
unmotivated to respond under appropriate
stimulus conditions
c. Some property of responding is gradually
changed by differentially reinforcing
successive approximations to target
behavior

C

11

ASR #11
In shaping, infrequent reinforcer
delivery can result in which of the
following?
a. Satiation
b. Strengthen early responses
c. No change in the response
d. Decrease or extinguish responding

D

12

ASR #12
 In a lag 5 reinforcement schedule, the current response is reinforced if:
a. It differs from the last 5 preceding
responses along the specified dimension
b. It is the same as the last 5 preceding
responses along the specified dimension
c. It falls into some portion of the sampled
distribution (e.g., above the 5
th percentile)
d. It falls below some portion of the sampled
distribution (e.g., below the 5
th percentile)

A

13

ASR #13
 In what order are prompts provided in least-to-most prompting?
a. Physical guidance, verbal, gestural
b. Verbal, physical guidance, gestural
c. Gestural, verbal, physical guidance
d. Verbal, gestural, physical guidance

D

14

ASR #14
Reinforcing only unprompted correct
responses may lead to which of the following?
a. Satiation
b. Infrequent reinforcers
c. Strengthen behavior that will not
generalize beyond the learning setting
d. Strengthen early responses

B

15

ASR #15
What is the ultimate goal of prompting?
a. Promote responding following verbal
prompt
b. Promote responding following gestural
prompt
c. Promote independent responding
d. Promote responding following physical
guidance

C

16

ASR #16
Under what conditions is independent responding likely to be more rapidly acquired or increase more reliably?
a. Reinforce unprompted responses only
b. Reinforce prompted responses only
c. Reinforce prompted and unprompted
responses
d. Higher reinforcement rates arranged for
prompted response

A

17

ASR #17
Which of the following best describe a possible intrinsic reward?
a. The music teacher's praise
b. The music that comes from playing an
instrument
c. Being paid for playing music
d. Applause for playing music

B

18

ASR #18
 According to the overjustification
hypothesis, reinforcement contingencies
(______ rewards) lead to decrements in
enjoyment (______ rewards) and thus
result in decreases in engagement.
a. Intrinsic; extrinsic
b. Extrinsic; intrinsic
c. Intrinsic; intrinsic
d. Extrinsic; extrinsic

B

19

ASR #19
All of the following may account for
what appears to be lessened intrinsic
motivation, EXCEPT which?
a. Satiation
b. Contrast effects
c. Deprivation
d. Learned helplessness

C

20

ASR #20
Under what conditions do
overjustification effects appear to be
more pronounced?
a. When behavior occurs at a low levels
b. When behavior does not occur at all
c. When behavior already occurs at a high
level
d. When verbal rewards are delivered

C