Flashcards in ATI Deck (67)
hypoxia, brain injury or death will occur within ___-__ min if the airway is not patent.
3 to 5
If a client is awake and responsive, the airway is____
If the client is unresponsive without suspicion of trauma, the airway should be opened with a_______ maneuver.
Do NOT perform this technique on clients who have a potential _______
cervical spine injury
If the client is unresponsive with suspicion of trauma, the airway should be opened with a ________ maneuver
modified jaw thrust
is the body's response to inadequate tissue perfusion and oxygenation. It manifests with an increased heart
rate and hypotension and can result in tissue ischemia and necrosis.
5 nursing interventions for shock
Apply pressure to obvious bleeding.
Elevate lower extremities to shunt blood to vital organs.
Administer IV fluids and blood products.
Monitor vital signs.
Hypothermia can lead to what 3 things
Remove wet clothing from the client.
Cover the client with warm blankets.
Increase the temperature of the room.
Use a heat lamp to provide additional warmth.
Infuse warmed IV fluids.
are all interverntions for _____
Generally, ice, tourniquets, heparin, and corticosteroids are contraindicated in the first ___--__ hr after the bite.
6 to 8
Antivenom based on the type and severity of a snake bite is most effective if administered within __-__ hr.
4 to 12
Assess for tissue edema every___-____ min if bitten by a snake or spider.
15 to 30
for ingested poision, what 3 things can help
administer _______ if seizures occur
Avoid the use of ____ in clients who are receiving
injuries result from open flames and explosions.
injuries result from contact with hot liquid or steam. Scald injuries are more common in older adults and younger children
burns occur when hot metal, tar, or grease contacts the skin.
result from exposure to a caustic agent. Cleaning agents in the home (drain cleaner, oven cleaner, bleach) and agents in the industrial setting (caustic soda, sulfuric acid) can cause chemical burns.
burns result when clothes ignite from heat or flames that electrical sparks produce.
result from contact with electrical current that travels through the air from one conductor to another.
results when a person touches electrical wiring or equipment.
most often result from therapeutic treatment for cancer or from sunburn.
_____ damage findings include singed nasal hair, eyebrows, and eyelashes; sooty sputum;
hoarseness; wheezing; edema of the nasal septum; and smoky smelling breath.
(from burns in an enclosed area) findings include headache, weakness, dizziness, confusion, erythema (pink or cherry red skin) and upper airway edema,
followed by sloughing of the respiratory tract mucosa.
Carbon monoxide inhalation
upper airway edema becomes pronounced __-__ hr after the beginning of fluid resuscitation.
8 to 12
Incision through the eschar relieves pressure from the constricting force of fluid buildup under circumferential burns on the extremity or chest and improves circulation.
Incision through eschar and fascia relieves tissue pressure when escharotomy alone does not.
is an inflammation of the meninges, which are the membranes that protect the brain and spinal cord.
Bacterial meningitis can occur from what 3 things